Title Student Name Format Department Advisor Room Time
Details Principal Perceptions on Preventing and Responding to Challenging Behaviors Madison Radel
Poster School of Teaching and Learning Sung Ok Park
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Children are spontaneous, creative, and active learners. Children operate on emotions and their responses to a given situation depend on many variables such as if physical needs have been met or the child’s language abilities. However, the combination of timing, intensity and duration of their behaviors can create particularly challenging situations for educators. Children’s challenging behaviors in early childhood settings may challenge classroom teachers if they are not addressed appropriately. Some children may need mental health help or special behavioral intervention time, but there are many educator responses that may foster positive engagement. It is necessary for educators to know their role in helping assess children’s behavior, as it can affect student success rates. Although beliefs about children’s behavior and educators’ responses differ greatly, there are some common themes. Through looking at published research, the presenter hopes to define these themes and support them with her research, as well as looking into ideas and perspective of different options of discipline for young children. This study will focus on problematic behaviors, discipline policies and teacher responses, and the effects of positive reinforcement in early childhood schools. In this presentation, results from interviews of elementary school administrators and principals, addressing the topics of challenging behaviors, discipline policies, and responses in their school districts will be shared. Interviews were recorded for the purpose of maintaining accuracy of responses. Principal responses were transcribed from the recordings and analyzed for reoccurring themes and ideas relating to behavior policies and challenging behaviors reflected in their schools.
Details Quality Improvement in Assisted Living Facilities - Attitudes and Perceptions of Leaders and Managers Amy Wiese
Oral Presentation School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership Jitendra Singh
CMU 216 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM Background: In long-term care facilities, improper information exchange and coordination may create changes in care plans which could lead to many meetings, increased communications between facilities, patient software updates, manual updates, and paperwork. Quality improvement (QI) methods enable nursing facilities to achieve significant gains in quality, safety, and efficiency. Leaders and managers have a significant role in implementing QI strategies across nursing facilities/senior care organizations. Purpose: This research project aims to explore attitudes and perceptions of leaders and managers towards implementation of QI strategies in assisted living facilities. Methods: A qualitative research methodology was employed in the study where participants were required to participate in semi-structured interviews. A purposive sampling methodology was utilized to recruit participants from an assisted living facility. The interview consisted of open-ended questions that aimed to explore: (1) QI application in the organization (2) managers’ perspective on QI; (3) staff engagement in QI projects: (4) the challenges faced when applying QI; and (5) measurement used for evaluation. Participants’ responses to questions were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. Grounded theory approach was utilized to analyze the collected information. Results: Initial data analysis suggests that leadership involvement and commitment is important to promote safe, efficient and high-quality care in patient care processes. Communication between providers is central to patient centered care. Because of the applied nature of this research, it can contribute to both academic knowledge base and can have wide practical applications.
Details Analysis of Self: Helping Yourself to Help Others Janet Bechtold
Oral Presentation Counseling and Student Affairs Taryn Akgul
CMU 205 1:20 PM to 1:40 PM This Analysis of Self reflects upon the influences and experiences in my life that have shaped me as an individual as well as a counselor. It is widely accepted within the counseling field that a counselor understanding themself has a positive impact on their therapeutic relationships (Corey, G. 2009). In this paper I have detailed influential events, relationships, and circumstances that have positively and negatively impacted my life journey. Through my struggles with mental health, I have grown to become an empathetic and passionately caring individual. My resiliance through difficult situations has transformed into a desire to advocate and help others like me and work to prevent adolescent suicides.
Details Use of Technology to Advance Communication and Language Development in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Shannon Sitz
Poster Speech/Language/Hearing Clinic Elaine Pyle
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This review of the literature examines the efficacy of the use of technology as an intervention tool as well as an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) to advance language and communication skills in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The use of technology and its effect on physical activity and sleep patterns of individuals with ASD have shown a trend of habits affecting the health and in turn the development of individuals with this disorder. The technology most focused on in the literature and most widely used across the general population are iOS-based devices, including the iPad, iPhone, and iPod touch. A variety of intervention methods that incorporate technology have been established and utilized within the population of ASD. Results of this literature review indicate positive outcomes overall regarding the advancement in communication and language skills among children with ASD. Technology use with children with ASD supports social language skills, meaningful communication, and increased language output via speech or AAC. The positive impacts must be weighed and considered with the possible negative effects on physical and developmental factors of adolescents and children with ASD. Small samples of these studies and the broad and varying characteristics of each individual with ASD call for additional well-designed studies characterized as high levels of evidence.
Details Early Language Development Patterns in Children with High-Functioning Autism Taylor Braegelman
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Tina Veale
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Speech-language pathologists work with children with high-functioning autism to addresstheir communication needs. Children with high-functioning autism often demonstrate difficultywith listening, speaking, reading, and writing; however, they are similar to typically developingchildren in certain areas of communication, as well. Communication deficits affect a child withhigh-functioning autism’s ability to learn and develop relationships throughout his/her lifespan.It is important that speech-language pathologists know how to customize treatment to treat thechild with high-functioning autism’s unique communication needs.
Details The Field of Occupational Therapy Lexi Heil
Oral Presentation School of Teaching and Learning Keri DeSutter
CMU 218 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM The field of occupational therapy is an immensely valuable profession. This research examines the role of occupational therapists across several settings as well as parent perceptions of the profession. Interviews with occupational therapists were completed with topics including daily tasks and responsibilities, rewards and challenges, and professional collaboration. Following analysis of the interviews, literature related to each setting was reviewed. Our interviews and the literature reveal that the roles of occupational therapists differ between settings. Despite differences, our research highlights a main goal of improving the quality of daily life for individuals served. In addition, this research examines parent perceptions of occupational therapy and the importance of the parent-occupational therapist relationship. The results of the survey will help to provide insight for possible ways to improve the parent-occupational therapist relationship.
Details SLP Feeding and Swallowing Assessment Tools for Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Marah Greff
Poster Speech/Language/Hearing Clinic Nancy Paul
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This research aimed to determine the effectiveness of current neonatal feeding and swallowing assessment tools available for speech-language pathologists (SLP). The incidence and prevalence of feeding and swallowing issues in preterm infants have increased. An SLP plays an integral part in assessing feeding and swallowing skills of preterm infants, therefore it is important that he/she is aware of the current assessments available. This research reviewed four feeding/swallowing assessments: Early Feeding Skills Assessment (EFS), Neonatal Oral Motor Assessment Scale, Dysphagia Screening Assessment for Preterm Infants (DST-PI), and Feeding and Swallowing Scale for Preterm Infants (FSSPI). The NOMAS was the most widely used and researched assessment available. However, the newly developed assessments displayed positive results, thus indicating a promising future for a better assessment of feeding and swallowing skills in preterm infants.
Details Evidence-Based Techniques to Encourage Social Initiation in Young AAC Users Mariah Benz
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM As the demand for speech therapy services increases throughout the United States, such a trend has influenced a great need for the provision of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for young children with complex communication needs. A child who communicates primarily by means of an AAC device often takes on the role of a responder and rarely, the role of an initiator. The purpose of this research is to provide speech-language pathologists a multitude of evidence-based techniques to encourage social initiation in young AAC users.
Details Ageism Awareness: Do Young Adults at MSUM Know About Elderly Bias? Janelle Blanchet
Oral Presentation Sociology and Criminal Justice Department Lee Vigilant
CMU 214 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Ageism, which is prejudice or discrimination on the basis of a person’s age, is a deeply important issue that is becoming more and more impactful as the population ages. I, as a CNA, home heath aide, and caregiver, can be the first to say that I’ve seen the passive (and sometimes blatant) mistreatment, neglect, and overwhelming lack of respect that the elderly face every day. However, due to the massive amounts of segregation that there is between the elderly and the non-elderly in our society, many young people are completely oblivious to ageism, their own biases against the elderly, and even the actual existence of ageism. The methodology used in this study was face to face in depth interviews using a structured questionnaire. Additionally, the sociology and criminal justice department review committee, DRC, approved this study. Results showed high levels of ageism, where, out of ten interviews, nine demonstrated extreme stereotyping, eight conveyed the belief that all elderly are feeble/disabled, six showed the belief that the elderly are closed-minded, and five viewed the elderly as a joke to be made fun of. In conclusion, ageism appears to be an issue that is rampant and yet at the same time, unseen and unfelt by all those whom it doesn’t directly impact. We need realize that this impacts everyone that we love, and will eventually impact even ourselves. Perhaps the implementation of higher education and ideally, more direct interaction between the generations would, I believe, greatly lesson levels of ageism within our society.
Details Anxiety and Depression: An examination of the impacts of mental health diagnoses and the management of romantic relationships Shandy Newton
Audrey Moeller
Morgan Kraft
Amanda Mitchell
Angela Dahl
Oral Presentation School of Communication and Journalism Jason Anderson
CMU 203 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older, or 18.1% of the population every year. It's not uncommon for someone with an anxiety disorder to also suffer from depression or vice versa. Nearly one-half of those diagnosed with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder (ADAA. (2018). Retrieved October 24, 2018, from https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics). Mental illness causes some barriers including stress, underperformance in school, effects on romantic relationships, a likeness to develop HIV/STDs (Elkington et. al, 2012). While these are all prevalent, this study will look at how anxiety and depression impacts the strength and satisfaction of romantic relationships. We will discuss the severity of anxiety and depression in society today. Research suggests connections between the mental health of partners and their relationship satisfaction. A survey research project was conducted to study the relationship between mental illness and romantic relationships through self-reported measures of mental health. Results are reported here.
Details Parental alcoholism: An exploration of the communication behaviors of adult children of alcoholics Anna Grindeland
Kalli Kalpakoff
Michael Ferris
Brynna Johnson
Madison Larsen
Oral Presentation School of Communication and Journalism Jason Anderson
CMU 203 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM It is known that parental alcoholism in the family has numerous effects on children while they are young (Ritter, Stewart, et al., 2002). Some people may not be aware that these negative effects can lead into adulthood and may even have some effects on the child’s future. This includes decisions such as why they drink, how much they drink, run-ins with the law, mental health, etc (Carlson Jones, & Houts, 1992). This study explored the effects parental alcoholism has on children’s communication skills, relationship building skills, and all-around mental health. An anonymous, online survey research project was completed that collected basic demographics about each respondent, as well as their self-reported personal and parental alcohol consumption rates, as well as psychographic descriptions of alcohol in their family. The survey also included measures of relationship satisfaction, communication skills, and confidence levels in different situations. Our research examined the relationship between these factors and alcohol consumption patterns in our study population. Our findings are reported here.
Details An exploration of the relationship between involvement in athletics and communication competency Shannon Blomgren
Andres Andresen
Ean Deno
Tristan Dallman
Travaun Coad
Oral Presentation School of Communication and Journalism Jason Anderson
CMU 203 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Our group found common ground and interest in one very broad topic, sports. We discussed our experiences and came down to one question. Do college athletes tend to exhibit more favorable communication attributes compared to those of other individuals without a history of organized team sports? We want to ascertain if certain communication traits like the ability to handle criticism, conflict resolution styles, self-confidence, and even interpersonal communication have an impact on the hiring process. These are only a few of the sought-after communication traits that employers look for in a worthy candidate for any job. We aim to discover how being a competitive athlete might enhance these desirable traits. With their higher involvement in group/team activities and self-perceived interpersonal competence, student athletes seem to have fewer barriers to effective communication compared to students with less athletic involvement. Studies show that, after graduation, student athletes have a higher percentage of landing a job after they complete their studies. In this scenario, student athletes will have a higher level of communication competency and therefore will be more likely to withstand a job after graduation. In addition, our research suggests that individuals who were student athletes have the tendency to make more money with their employers for years after they graduate. Our results track the self reported communication competency levels based on one’s lifetime of athletic involvement, including college student athletes. We looked for a correlation between perceived communication confidence and level of involvement in athletics among all respondents.
Details Tipping in Restaurants: Experiment manipulating Female Appearance Factors John Bates
Jeana Chamberland
Katherine Roberts
Aubrey Hill
Hannah Hancock
Oral Presentation School of Communication and Journalism Jason Anderson
CMU 203 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM We hypothesized that when a female puts more effort into her physical appearance she will receive greater tips when serving at a restaurant. Based on the previous research we have conducted on tipping behaviors there is a common trend. That trend is when a female server puts more effort into her appearance, her tip will be bigger. The goal was to find out if females were tipped better based on their physical appearance. We chose four different sit down restaurants that were targeted different price points. We conducted the study with ten waitresses from each restaurant. We created an experimental design with a high and low server attractiveness manipulation. In the high attractiveness condition, servers were told, “to dress up.” By dress up we told them that they should do their hair, makeup, and wear jewelry.In the low attractiveness condition, servers were told, “to dress down.” By dress down we meant minimal face makeup, simple ponytail, and no jewelry. Each waitress filled out notecards that we gave them over the span of two shifts, on the notecard they recorded the gender of the tipper, total amount of the bill, and the amount the patron tipped. The aim of this manipulation was to isolate physical appearance of the server, so waitresses were trained to have the same attitude and presence both shifts that they recorded for us.
Details Relationship maintenance behaviors: A comparison of geographically close vs long-distance relationships Ashley Egger
Haley Auger
Karissa LaMont
Esther Kjolhaug
Kelsey English
Oral Presentation School of Communication and Journalism Jason Anderson
CMU 203 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM This study investigated the maintenance behaviors (i.e. communication behaviors) that maintain long distance romantic relationships (LDR) compared to geographically close romantic relationships (GCR). In recent years, LDRs have increased amongst college students, and as a result, unique maintenance behaviors have become more prevalent. (Dainton & Aylor 2002) The research shows there is no difference in the relationship quality of LDRs and GCRs, but there is a difference in their relationship maintenance behaviors (RMBs). We are interested in both types of relationships and want to know if the form of the romantic relationship will affect their RMBs. We conducted an online survey research project that looked at RMBs comparing those of LDRs versus GCRs.
Details Early Literacy Development Assessment of a Child Lovely Singh
Poster School of Teaching and Learning Erin Gillett
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM By identifying what young children already know about communication, language, reading, and writing before they can actually read and write, early literacy helps children to be ready to learn how to read and write. The purpose of this child study was to examine what children at younger age know and are able to do with regard to oral language, reading, and writing. This observation study was completed on a six year old who goes to kindergarten at a school in Moorhead. This study was completed in three sessions and each session lasted for 20 – 30 minutes. For this project, this child was involved in different activities such as interactive reading, writing, and games. Further, open-ended questions and checklists were used to assess the child’s early literacy development in the areas of oral language, reading, and writing skills. Findings indicated that her oral language development is up to grade level; her reading is a mix of an oral storyteller intonation and a reader's intonation; she has an understanding of how printed letters, words, and written materials such as books work; and her writing skill is at the transitional stage (medial letter sounds). Use of observation study can help in assessment of younger children which in turn may lead to improvement in performance once corrective actions are initiated.
Details Meshkwaki Anemoaki: The Cultural Roles of Canines among Meskwaki Culture Emma Gooding
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Erik Gooding
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This poster examines the unique cultural role of dogs among the Meskwaki Nation, a Central Algonquian Native American group. Among the Meskwaki, dogs are given a distinct status between humans and non-domesticated animals. This status includes unique behaviors, such as various freedoms, familial obligations, and an inclusion into the tribal religious clan-based naming system. Based on historical and archival research, this poster discusses the status of dogs among Meskwaki culture, provides examples of these distinct behaviors, and situates dogs among their broader culture.
Details Reading Comprehension in Children with Specific Language Impairment: Narrative vs. Expository Text Kayla Werner
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Elaine Pyle
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Children with specific language impairment (SLI) have difficulty reading to learn. Transitioning from narrative to expository discourse is difficult for children with SLI, due to the unfamiliarity of the text and the higher cognitive and linguistic skills that are required for reading comprehension. Narrative and expository text are two forms of written discourse children are introduced to in the elementary school years. Each discourse is unique and poses different challenges for children with SLI. This poster reviews two intervention approaches that have been used for children with SLI to improve their reading comprehension skills.
Details The Effect of Maternal Mental Health on Childhood Language Development Paige Wallis
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM According to the World Health Organization (2018), 10% of pregnant women and 13% of women who recently gave birth experience issues with mental health worldwide. In developing countries, the prevalence is even greater with 15.6% of pregnant women and 19.8% of women who recently gave birth experiencing a mental health disorder (World Health Organization, 2018). Since a significant amount of women are affected by mental health, mental illness, and psychological distress it is important to be aware of the adverse effects it may have on their child’s language development. The purpose of this study was to determine if poor maternal mental health had negative effects on child language development. Furthermore, it investigated if the timing of mental health problems had differing impacts on language development.
Details Anxiety and Behavior: Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in School with a Ten-Year-Old Boy Using the Coping Cat Program Sarah Bernhardt
Poster Psychology Department Peg Potter
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The prevalence of anxiety in school-age children is on the rise. Schools offer a unique opportunity to identify children who struggle with symptoms of anxiety and to provide interventions to reduce anxiety. This project evaluated the results of providing the Coping Cat cognitive behavioral program in a public elementary school with a fourth-grade student named Dawson (a pseudonym) with a history of behavioral problems and a diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Dawson completed 8 sessions (on 7 days) of the 16-session curriculum of Coping Cat in the school setting at a rate of approximately two sessions per week. Despite receiving only 8 of the 16 sessions of the program and with no parent involvement, the Dawson demonstrated improvement in the behaviors measured (e.g. aggression, keeping hands to self, blurting). Results support the use of a brief version of Coping Cat as an effective program for anxiety reduction that may feasibly be implemented in the school setting. Discussion includes implications for application of school-based intervention using cognitive behavioral strategies to reduce anxiety symptoms.
Details Introductory Astronomy Interactives developed with Undergraduates Andrew Louwagie Gordon
Samuel Holen
Poster Physics and Astronomy Department Juan Cabanela
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Many introductory astronomy service courses incorporate labs or other interactive components which use web-based activities. Much of the currently available software, either from textbook publishers or astronomy educators such as the Nebraska Astronomy Applet Project, was written using Adobe Flash. Adobe Systems is dropping support for Flash at the end of 2020. This problem hit our service courses particularly hard, with approximately half of our lab activities requiring updates. Faced with this challenge, we exploited the fact that our department has incorporated Python programming into our curriculum for physics majors to come up with a solution. For 10 weeks in Summer 2018, two undergraduates collaborated with a professor to develop 16 replacement web-based activities for these labs. The interactives were written in Python running in Jupyter notebooks and have been made available as open source software. We deployed the interactives to students using The Littlest JupyterHub server. Students simply log into the server and the interactives are executed automatically. We are presenting our interactives as well as a discussion of what we learned to help make this collaboration so productive.
Details Planting Ideas: Recognizing the Interdisciplinary Connection Between Women and the Environment Elizabeth LeDoux
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Kandace Creel Falcon
CMU 214 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM Without realizing the effect that environmental change has on women, especially indigenous women or women living in the Global South who are most subject to the damaging effects of capitalist control over the environment, one cannot productively comprehend the role that commercial agriculture has on the environment and the lives of women who are left with the consequences. In this paper I argue that in order to fully understand either feminism or environmentalism, it is essential that we are aware of the interdisciplinary connection between them. There cannot be one without the other. Through analysis of secondary sources, I encourage the recognition of women’s heightened repercussive relationship with the environment and the need to recognize this relationship globally by exploring the historical connection women have to nature, the effects that environmental degradation has on women, and the representation of women in the environmental movement. I present the urgency of centralizing global women and the impact the environment has on their daily lives.
Details Effect of Sleep Deprivation and Melatonin on Cytokine Expression in Zebrafish Shakiba Hajipouri
Alexis Cory
Elaina Thompson
Alison Barkhymer
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
CMU 208 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM Sleep and the circadian rhythm influence many processes within the body, including the immune system. The cytokines TNF-α and IL-8 are essential to the immune system’s response to injury because they induce the chemotaxis of neutrophils and other granulocytes, causing them to migrate toward the site of injury or infection. While there have been many studies done on the immune system and its response to circadian disruptions, little work has been done to examine the combined effect of sleep deprivation and exposure to the sleepiness-inducing hormone melatonin, on the production of TNF-α and IL-8. In this study, the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-8, will be measured at two early timepoints (during inflammation) and one late timepoint (when inflammation has resolved), under either sleep deprivation, melatonin exposure, both, or neither. The measurement of cytokines was done using Real-Time qPCR. This study found that zebrafish exposed to melatonin while sleep deprived had a 1.7-fold increase in IL-8 and 4.9-fold increase in TNF-α. The results of this study will help improve understanding on how sleep deprivation and melatonin exposure impact the immune system and affect inflammation.
Details Effects of Aspergillus fumigatus on Lungs of Offspring in C57 Mice When the Pregnant Mother was Exposed Intranasally to A. Fumigatus During Pregnancy Andrea Schaefer
Hussien Bare
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Aspergillus fumigatus is a common fungal spore found within grain dust and moist indoor environments. In immunocompromised individuals being exposed to A. fumigatus allows them to be more susceptible to contract invasive aspergillus, which in some cases may prove fatal. For those who are not immunocompromised, other respiratory issues may arise such as severe asthma, rhinitis, sinusitis, and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The effects on the direct individual breathing in the fungal spores have been studied, however, not much has been investigated into the effects of offspring who had mothers who inhaled fungal spores whilst in the womb. Some studies suggest that adult mice that were exposed to A. fumigatus during pregnancy experienced decreases in IgE production. This would then prevent them from developing airway allergic immune responses. Therefore, our goal is to identify a link in the offspring of mothers who inhaled fungal spores while pregnant and those did not. Pregnant mice will be challenged with the airborne delivery of conidia produced by A. fumigatus. The bronchoalveolar lavage cells, serum, lung homogenate, and histological tissue from sections of the infant mice whose mother inhaled the conidia and those that didn’t will be analyzed at 3 and 28 days past conidia inhalation. It is expected that the mice the whose mothers inhaled the conidia will have decreased IgE while those whose mothers didn’t will be normal IgE levels. This experiment will enable to understand how A. fumigatus affects prenatal mice.
Details Murine Species as a Possible Model for Lung Mycobiome Studies Whitney Welder
Jacob Tesch
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The microbiome consists of all the microbes that are a natural part of the body. Since we coexist with these microbes, the microbiome is a major area of interest in human health-related research. While we are making rapid advances acquiring knowledge related to microbiome-host interactions the mycobiome, or fungal populations, has largely been ignored. By studying the respiratory mycobiome of two strains of mice and cataloging the fungi found, we are establishing a base for future studies.We compared mycobiomes from two different mice strains; C57BL/6 and BALB/c, which have been shown to possess differences in their immune status. One difference that may cause the mycobiomes to differ is that C57BL/6 has a M-1 dominant response, which activates macrophages, while BALB/c has a M-2 dominant response, which produces IL-4 that suppresses macrophages. The previous focus of this project was to work primarily with mice housed at MSUM. The extension of this project worked to compare both differences between strains and between the housing locations. For culture-independent studies, DNA was extracted through a Rapid Bead Beating and Column kit known as the Allprep Fungal DNA/RNA/Protein Kit offered by Qiagen. For culture dependent studies, we utilized a microbiome sequencing service from Zymo. The culture independent studies suggest that the mycobiome in mice is flourishing and similar to that in humans, so murine models will be good for future studies. Under current lab conditions, culture dependent fungal microbes had no growth.
Details Effects of Deoxynivalenol on Immunomodulation and DNA methylation Jesse Nelson
Whitney Shegrud
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a mycotoxin that is a common contaminant of wheat, barley and corn and is considered to be a significant environmental health concern to agricultural workers. During harvest season, DON may become airborne increasing the likelihood of workers exposed to it. When inhaled, DON targets the airway epithelial cells triggering an immune response that may cause modulatory effects to the immunes system and altering gene expression. DON has been studied extensively as an orally consumed fungal byproduct but little is known of its effects through inhalation. Our study aims to investigate the effects of DON on DNA methylation and immunomodulation in the murine lungs. Mice were exposed to solubilized Deoxynivalenol through intranasal inoculation. White blood cells present in the lungs, IgA antibody levels, and inflammatory tissue were examined. DNA methylation changes were measured using ZYMO 5-mC DNA ELISA Kit. Results from this study will help establish evidence-based therapeutic and diagnostic approaches that will inform agricultural workers’ exposure to DON
Details Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Class Data Kayla Mehrer
Breanna Huynh
Chantell Mindt
Clay Miller
Amanuel Atsbha Gebreyohannes
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease characterized by a body’s incapability of utilizing insulin despite normal production. According to studies, some risk factors to developing T2DM come from lifestyle, body composition, family history, race, and sociodemographic factors. We surveyed data such as sex, age, ethnic background, aerobic and anaerobic activity, habits such as smoking and/or drinking, sugar intake levels, glucose levels, and body fat & measurements such as height, weight circumference, and body mass index (BMI). Results are pending data research and interpretation. We expect glucose levels to be higher in those with more or elevated risk factors.
Details Abstracts for Student Academic Conference: Type 2 Diabetes Iveta Harner
Rachel Martinson
Benjamin Giese
Jennicca Leier
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is becoming more prevalent in today's society, with 27 million people in the US diagnosed with it. T2D is when the body cannot use insulin, causing blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. Some causes of this disease include lifestyle choices, genetics, or body composition. We will be researching what kind of lifestyle choices can influence or prevent type 2 diabetes. One study looked at college students awareness of their risk of T2D.The typical college student is making the transition from adolescence to adulthood, and during this period, they are forming long-lasting diets and health behaviors that are associated with an increased lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes. Approximately 61% of the high-risk students recognized they were more likely to develop diabetes than others. Another study conducted to test how smoking results in the development of type 2 diabetes, it was found that smokers had a dose-dependent increased risk of developing the disease, but also found that past smokers that quit 10 years prior to the test had no more of a risk than people that had never smoked. Furthermore, a study testing lifestyle factors of people already diagnosed with T2D found that people with smaller social networks, lower levels of education, higher alcohol intake, and lower physical activity were more at risk for intensifying diabetes symptoms, as well as developing other life threatening diseases such as chronic kidney disease.
Details The Effects of Ethnicity and the Rates of Type 2 Diabetes Alexis Solo
Madisen Strand
Ngim Chhamji Sherpa
Logan Spooner
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Type lI diabetes is the desensitization of one’s body to insulin and the inability to use their bodies insulin correctly. There are many factors that contribute to developing diabetes including diet, lifestyle, and ethnicity. It results in high glucose levels in blood and urine. Symptoms of this form of diabetes include: increased thirst, frequent urination, areas of darkened skin, blurred vision and more chance of heart disease (Mayo Clinic). It has been found that non white ethnicities are susceptible to developing type II diabetes after adopting the Western lifestyle(Abate and Chandalia, 2003). Type II diabetes can be controlled mainly through how you eat and how you live your life. Ethnicity is one of the most puzzling risk factors of Type II diabetes because it lacks a definitive answer.
Details The Risk of Age and Genetics on Type ll Diabetes Rebecca Volkert
Victoria Yanez Rich
Ashley Trustheim
Jacob Tesch
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Type 2 Diabetes is found in populations around the world and is increasing in prevalence every year. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is characterized as the development of insulin resistance and was commonly known as adult onset diabetes. There have been many studies conducted that demonstrate the relationship between the aging population and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus cases. While a portion of the risks that are associated with increased diabetes mellitus cases are behavioral and/or habitual, there are several uncontrollable aspects of aging that increase the probability of development such as hormonal changes, mitochondrial dysfunction, increased oxidative stress and inflammation.
Details Effects of Body Morphology and Fat Distribution on Type 2 Diabetes Maryam Adepitan
Hussien Bare
Madeline Erickson
Chimaobi Okakpu
Olatomiwa Ajayi
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Type 2 diabetes is a condition which occurs when blood glucose levels become high because target cells do not respond effectively to insulin produced by beta cells in the pancreas. There are many causes for developing type 2 diabetes. Some of those risk factors include; lifestyle choices, ethnicity, genetics, fat distribution, and age. The purpose of our study is to understand how body morphology and fat distribution contribute to insulin resistance. Distribution of adipose tissue, especially with elevated levels in visceral and hepatic adiposity play keys roles in the development of insulin resistance. It was also found that early intensive insulin therapy led to reduced visceral body fat of patients newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. This decrease visceral body fat was associated with improvements in both glycemic control and B-cell function.
Details The Risk of Stress on Type ll Diabetes Rhoda Gwaska
Madison Schatz
Kaylee Schlittenhardt
Haylee Morin
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM Type II diabetes is described as a metabolic disease that is characterized by hyperglycemia that is affected by action of insulin receptors in cells. There are many factors that can affect the likelihood of developing Type II diabetes. These factors can include: stress, body morphology and fat distribution, lifestyle choices, ethnicity, and age and genetic disposition. In our research, we looked specifically at the effects of different types of stress and how it can increase the likelihood of developing Type II diabetes and the effects of stress on a person who has Type II diabetes. Although stress in general is considered a risk factor, there are different breakdowns of stress that many people do not realize. A few different types of stress we will discuss include: work stress, effects of depression and anxiety, sleep deprivation, and life events or trauma. A study concluded that there was a 60% increase in incident diabetes in depressed participants in comparison to non-depressed participants. Trauma has been found to have a significant raise in the risk of development of Type II diabetes, especially childhood neglect. Chronic work stress, which can lead to burnout, has been shown to have an increased risk of the development of type II diabetes in women. Finally, sleep deprivation can either be a source of emotional stress or an effect of emotional stress. Studies find that increased sleep disturbances and inability to initiate sleep create a greater risk for a person to develop type II diabetes.
Details The journey of the Kealy family Hunter Kisner
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM The Journey of the Kealy Family “The first mile that leads away from the old home is a long mile” – (A. Clausen). This statement was extremely true for my great- great grandpa Harry Kealy, Harry was the first member of my immediate family to migrate here from the northern region of Norway in 1923. Word of this great northern railroad in north eastern Minnesota had spread all throughout Norway and Sweden. Money and resources were said to be plentiful. Harry took this opportunity and made his venture towards Virginia, MN. This was the main stepping stone for the foundation of my family in America.
Details Lebanese and Hajj Family Emigration in the Twentieth Century Grace Ward
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 1:20 PM to 1:40 PM The new country— a land of hope and opportunity, fear and unknown— is a common motif for all people in the United States. Lebanon in the early twentieth century posed a life of turmoil and economic hardship, prompting a great migration of Syrians and Lebanese from Mount Lebanon and Greater Syria to the United States. The Hajj family epitomizes the motif of the new country through emigration from Mount Lebanon to Calvin, North Dakota from 1910 through 1929. Lebanese emigration and the emigration of the Alex, Emmett, and Haindy Hajj are remarkable stories lost to historical reductionism.
Details Family Ancestry and Immigration Hannah Eikren
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM For my research, I will be looking into the history of Mark Eikren's family migration and how it compared to other Scandinavian immigrants during the time period. I will focus on the impact of the Homestead Act that was passed in 1862 and how it affected the settlement of North Dakota and Minnesota. I will look at why Scandinavians immigrated to the United States during the late 1800's and the influence the Hometead Act had on the Eikren family as well as other Scandinavian immigrants.
Details Immigration of Single Mothers from Sweden to the United States in the early 1900s Taylor Dirks
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM Upon hearing the topic for our research, I began an ancestry tree and I called a great aunt who had information on my family history. I discovered that my maternal great-grandfather’s grandmother, Kerstin Persdotter, came to the US from Sweden with her children in 1903 after her husband passed. This research is based on immigration from Sweden/Norway in the early 1900s. Looking at the societal pressures as to why a single mother would leave Sweden with her children and look at the influence of events and society in America had on the decision.
Details Religious Freedom in the Americas Matthew Shaffer
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM My presentation will focus on the Davis family’s immigration from England to Massachusetts, more specifically how religion played into it. In this paper I will be discussing the time period that my family left, how the Puritan faith was being persecuted in England, and how the religious freedom in the colonies would be one of the large things drawing colonists into the Americas. Lastly, one of the more documented parts of the Davis family history is how they spread out in the United States following landing in Massachusetts.
Details An Untold Journey Jaxon Seufzer
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM My presentation will focus on my family history on my mother’s side that came from Chemnitz Germany in the late 1890s. My great grandmother, Violet Margret Myer came here with her family and arrived in the early 1900s. They took ships across the Atlantic when the Industry revolution was happening in Europe at that time. The city they lived in was getting very large and doubled in size, economic hardship on the rise lead them to make the journey to America.
Details Journey for the American dream: Mathias Arth’s story. Hunter Bussman
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM In the early 1900s a large number of immigrants from Germany came to the Midwest, and the North Dakota, Minnesota area. These people seemed to be in search of a better life, whether it was to escape political, economic turmoil. Or maybe some foresight to avoid a looming great war. One of these people were Mathias Arth, my great grandfather. He came to the U.S in 1924 when he was 12 years old. He came to live out the American dream. His family was pulled into the U.S by factors that were very common. With such a large number of immigrants coming to one place it is interesting to see that such a large number came due to the same pull push factors as my ancestors.
Details Foreign Politics, German Immigration, and Family Ancestry Ross Huber
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM In this presentation, I focus on the political reasons as to why Russia and the United States incentivized thousands of Germans to immigrate and displace local populations in the Midwest. The Russian Empire made deals to immigrants moving to the Crimean Peninsula in order to put pressure on the Crimean Tatar population. After Russia failed to uphold their deal the Germans moved to the US were they were yet again displacing local native populations. This includes the story of my families journey from Germany to Crimea and then to the United States.
Details Family Ancestry and Immigration Benjamin Brenden
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 207 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Within my essay I will be researching the emigration of Arne Brenden, my great great great grandfather, in 1865 from Norway to Wisconsin and later in 1871 from Wisconsin to Minnesota. This research will be looking at the push/pull factors of his move from the Brenden farm in Norway. This paper will broadly cover much of Norwegian emigration to the United States during the mid to late 19th century. Arne had family in Wisconsin leaving the possibility for an America Letter. Once moving to Minnesota, Arne was given 160 acres of land in the Trondjem Township in Ottertail County under the Homestead Act.
Details What is the underlying cause of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome? Whitney Shegrud
Kervens Accilien
Trysten Jensen
Nikolas Newville
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
CMU 208 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS) is a rare congenital cardiac defect occurring in less than 0.04% of live births. HLHS comprises a spectrum of disorders classified by an underdeveloped left ventricle, atresia in the aortic or mitral valve, and other outflow tract disorders. Many studies have demonstrated the association of aberrant Notch signaling and cardiac defects; to the best of our knowledge, few have looked very far upstream of Notch regulation for potential causes of HLHS. We propose that a D1201A and/or N1124A mutation in Jagged1, in conjunction with its hypoxia induced up-regulation mediated by HIF-1α, results in the cis-inactivation of Notch. This prevents the differentiation of cardiac progenitor cells, decreasing the formation of cardiac fibers. This manifests as hypoplasia localized to the left side of the heart.
Details How to Park like an Entrepreneur William Reul
Seth Langbehn
Poster Paseka School of Business Siwei Zhu
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM For our presentation we will be showing a version of our product called the EasyPark. Our EasyPark product will help commuting students minimize the cost of parking (unlike the school parking pass) by having sensors and cameras to capture the amount of time a student spends parked in the pay-by-the-minute spot. Our verification system will automatically scan the students license plate and corrilate the payment to the StarId account. Our EasyPark system will also help the school maximize parking spots in the winter time preventing multiple spot parking by showing the outlines of the parking spots. The cameras and sensors add the element of safety to the EasyPark lots. We are in the process of creating an application to show users where the EasyPark parking lots are located. The application would also show the transactions of the pay-by-the-minute spots.
Details Measuring the Dipole Moment of a Human Heart Using a Student-built ECG Melissa Foley
Evan Anderson
Adam Kline
Poster Physics and Astronomy Department Ananda Shastri
Linda Winkler
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The electric dipole moment (p) of a student’s heart was measured with a student-constructed 2-Channel electrocardiogram (ECG) system. The student’s p was found to be 3x10-14 plus or minus 26x10-14 A*m compared to an average human heart dipole moment value of 77x10-14A*m. These values were found to be 2.8. Electric dipole moments of other animals were then graphed and compared to the two human values. A trend in which increasing body mass results in increasing heart dipole moment can be observed. This trend is expected to fit a power law of 0.83. The trend found in data including student’s dipole moment was found to be 0.87 plus or minus 0.05. The trend values were found to have a significance ratio of 0.8.
Details The Importance of Semantics in Written Narratives of Children with Autism Kelsey Kowalski
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Tina Veale
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The purpose of this poster was to review the research basis of written narrative abilities of children who have high functioning autism, and their ability to apply semantic conventions of language in their written stories. Intervention approaches were reviewed to determine if semantic complexity could be increased through systematic teaching. Although the research is not extensive or consistent, narrative intervention has the potential to help individuals with autism build stronger relationships with their peers through storytelling and improve functional written language skills that are necessary for educational and life experiences.
Details Age Is a Risk Factor for Type II Diabetes Morgan Stoffel
Andrea Schaefer
Nathan Witzel
Chelsey Ranum
Kennedy Rodgers
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Diabetes can be defined as a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Type II diabetes causes a resistance to insulin. People over age 45 are more susceptible to type II diabetes due to a general loss in muscle mass, gain in body weight, change in sex related hormones, and reduced exercise as they continue to age. Elderly diabetics also are at increased risk for numerous different conditions such as diabetic peripheral neuropathy, poor postural control, painful polyneuropathy, and increased mortality rates. There are many factors that contribute to type II diabetes, however, age is one of the few unavoidable risk factors.
Details Type 2 Diabetes and the Physiological effects of stress Katherine Kimlinger
Christal Harmon-Moe
Katherine Knutson
Sierra Koskela
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a serious condition that occurs when the cells in the body become resistant to insulin and cannot uptake glucose properly. Because of the excess glucose in the bloodstream, medical complications can occur such as nerve damage, heart disease, and kidney disease, and even risk of stroke, blindness, or death. Worldwide, diabetes is estimated to affect 200 million people. Risk factors that can increase likelihood of diabetes include weight or obesity, inactivity, ethnicity, family history, age, lifestyle choices, and stress. In this review, the focus is on stress levels and the effect they have on type 2 diabetes. Stress hormones are associated with a release of sugar into the blood which can negatively affect people suffering with diabetes and blood sugar control. The added stress of dealing with diabetes adds onto this physiological struggle of blood sugar. This paper examines both acute and chronic stressors and their effects on patients with type 2 diabetes.
Details Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Ethnicity Dana Marley
Christopher Ngo
Kylie Lange
Hannah Meyer
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease in which the body's cells stop responding appropriately to insulin. The largest risk factor of developing type 2 diabetes is age, though evidence shows this disease is developing in younger populations in recent years. In addition there are several lifestyle choices that can impact an individual's risk factors, some of which include an energy dense diet and lack of physical activity. This presentation will be focusing on the risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus based on ethnicity. It is found that African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans experience a 50–100% higher chance of developing diabetes and having complications than those that are Caucasian. Rates of diabetes within Asian and Pacific Islander, show that asians have lower incidence of diabetes compared to the non-white ethnicities. A study found that the more alleles an individual have associated with type 2 diabetes the more likely they are to develop the disease, however, when the number of alleles each person had was controlled for, there was no difference across ethnic groups in developing the disease. This may be because health care providers have a big influence on the increased prevalence of Diabetes in minorities versus Caucasians. Throughout the course of a year it was found that Asian and Hispanic diabetics received less foot examinations than white diabetics. However, black diabetics received the most examinations.
Details The Effect of Lifestyle Choices on Developing Type Two Diabetes Ethan Gerbig
Bijeta Gurung
Carly Gamrath
Kaylyn Cummings
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that causes cells to become insulin resistant and forces glucose into the blood. Some of the causes of developing type 2 diabetes include lifestyle choices, stress, ethnicity, and genetics. Therefore, we conducted research on how lifestyle choices such as exercise, smoking, and diet affect the rates of diabetes. Pertaining to exercise, the rates of type two diabetes tend to increase in people with a lack of aerobic capacity (Hansen, et al.2012). Along with this, a study on type two diabetic patients aged ≥20 years showed thatLeisure-Time physical activity was associated with better glycemic control and improvement of cardiovascular risk factors (Kaizu, et al.2014). A study showed that an intake of different types of carbohydrates can have various effects on increasing the risk of having type 2 diabetes. High glycemic index carbohydrates had the largest effect on increasing the risk for type 2 diabetes, and when substituted out for lower glycemic index carbohydrates the risk lessened (Similä, et al. 2011). Scientists have also found that the lifestyle choice of smoking increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. People who actively smoke have a 44% increase in relative risk of developing the disease while people who passively smoke, have a 28% increase in developing the disease (Wang, et al. 2013). One or a combination of these lifestyle choices could increase someone’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Details Body Morphology as a Risk Factor of Type 2 Diabetes Victoria Arnold
Joely Christianson
Dominic Carr
Dillon Boen
Adam Breske
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 Diabetes is a disease that causes an increase of blood sugar levels to rise higher than normal due to the body being insulin resistant. There are two main causes of Type 2 Diabetes being genetics and lifestyle choices. In this review we will be looking at two main risk factors: body morphology and fat distribution. Studies have shown that insulin resistance is associated with accumulation of small adipose cells and enlargement of large adipose cells. Traditionally, BMI was considered the golden standard as a diagnostic tool for the classification for obesity. Recent research has suggested that body fat percentage is a better diagnostic indicator of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes risk compared to the previously mentioned. In another study,Type 2 Diabetes was found more commonly in people with a positive correlation between the change in spillover, which is the inefficiency in dietary fat storage, and leg fat. A study showed that the highest risk for type 2 diabetes was observed in men and women with high BMI in combination with a high waist circumference and a high waist to hip ratio.
Details General Diabetes and Class Data Andrew Primus
Emily Gallmeier
Helena Malokeh Tiewah
Frank Djarnie
Morgan Parks
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Patricia Wisenden
CMU 208 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 Diabetes produces insulin, but the body becomes resistant to insulin. Risk factors that can contribute to diabetes include: weight, fat distribution, inactivity, family history, race, age, and stress. We did class survey from the Human Physiology Lab Manual to look at lifestyles which included ethnic backgrounds, aerobic activity, general heath, stress level, and family history. Measurement of weight, body fat percentage, visceral fat and vitals. The chest and waist width on males and the waist on females. We also conducted a glucose test on each participant observing their pre and post glucose levels. We will see if there is a correlation between the factors on the survey and glucose levels.
Details School-Based Service Delivery Models Compared to Traditional Delivery: A Survey of Speech-Language Pathologists Meredith Egeland
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The purpose of this study was to examine different variables that may influence a school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) use of a specific service delivery model to implement. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, this study attempted to gather information on the students, SLP, and workplace characteristics that may influence a SLP's recommendations. Second, this study attempted to determine if there was nationwide consistency in the factors considered by the SLP and what specific service delivery model they currently use (i.e., traditional service delivery or inclusive service delivery). Data trends from the data collected via this survey provided insight into what services delivery model school-based SLPs use. The results were analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistics, in order to summarize, condense, and organize the data.
Details Analyzing Effect of Aquaponics vs Conventional Growth Environments on Root Growth Kervens Accilien
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Aquaponics incorporates aquaculture and hydroponics in order to create a nutrient-rich environment for the plants while also filtering the water. However, the effect of this nutrient-rich environment on the mass and composition of the plants is unclear. Do plants just get bigger when there is more nutrients present or does their physiology actually change? This analysis explores the effect of nutrient-rich aquaponics system on the growth of plants as determined by their leaf biomass, root biomass and cell wall composition based on the data collected by Dr Mazz Marry using his aquaponics system. With this study I will to explore the association between the explanatory variables (growth environment) and the response variables (leaf and root biomass and composition) and which response variable is more affected by the change in environment.
Details Exploring the Experiences of Communication Partners of Persons with Parkinson's Disease: Qualitative Interviews Jackie Ellefson
Oral Presentation Speech Language Hearing Sciences Nancy Paul
CMU 205 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM The purpose of this phenomenological qualitative study was to explore interactions between persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) and their communication partners. People with Parkinson’s disease experience difficulties that can have a profound effect on their ability to communicate. This qualitative study explored the thoughts and feelings of primary communication partners of people with PD. A primary communication partner was classified as someone who communicates at least 2-3 times and week and identifies themselves as a primary communication partner. The communication partners were interviewed using open-ended questions. Seven interviews were conducted and the information analyzed. All The seven participants identified declines in communication and detailed how declines in communication due to PD have resulted in changes in daily life, including; social participation, daily tasks, and psycho-social well-being. Commonalities that communication partners experienced will aid speech-language pathologists to better understand the effects that PD has on communication. ?
Details Speech-Language Pathologists’ Perspectives on Preparedness for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice in School Settings Rachel Sawatzky
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Elaine Pyle
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM According to a recent study (ASHA, 2017), only 54% of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) employed in a school reported they felt very prepared to engage in interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP). It is essential for SLPs to engage in IPCP with a wide range of other professionals including, but not limited to: regular education teachers, special education teachers, occupational therapists (OT), physical therapists (PT), administrators, nurses, social workers, psychologists, and audiologists. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to explore the perspectives of new SLPs on their preparedness for IPCP. The study sheds light on whether the SLP felt prepared for IPCP at the beginning and end of the CF year from their educational training. It also describes their experiences with interprofessional collaborative practice and their interprofessional education (IPE) experiences in school settings during their Clinical Fellowship (CF) year.
Details Treatment of Social Communication Deficits in Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury Taylor Stanton
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Nancy Paul
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM A systematic review was conducted to summarize and evaluate the literature on the effectiveness of social communication interventions in adults with traumatic brain injury. Collectively, the literature provides foundational knowledge regarding the roles and responsibilities of speech-language pathologists in relation to traumatic brain injury, and the various communication and cognitive-communication deficits one may experience as a result of a traumatic brain injury. In addition, researchers highlight the relationship between traumatic brain injury and social communication deficits, focusing on various intervention strategies to foster and improve an individual's overall communication abilities, social competence, and quality of life following a traumatic brain injury.
Details The most effective techniques for improving speech production in preschoolers with speech sound disorders Erica Embertson
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The most effective techniques for improving speech production in preschoolers with speech sound disorders. According to Baker and McLeod (2011), children with speech sound disorders constitute a large portion of most pediatric speech-language pathologists’ caseloads. Current research indicates that children who have speech delays are at higher risk for difficulties in developing reading skills. Speech sound acquisition/production is a complex, developmental, and gradual process that occurs over the first 4-8 years of a child’s life. Children acquire speech sounds at different ages. Speech development milestones serve as a guide for identifying if a child’s speech is typical based on their age. A speech sound disorder occurs when a child does not develop the ability to produce some or all sounds necessary for speech that are typically used at her or his age. Children with phonological disorders speak with a simplified phonological pattern; often resulting in impaired speech interaction. Phonological intervention is important for the development of using correct speech sounds and preventing later problems in reading and writing acquisition. This presentation includes a discussion of the two most common approaches, the traditional approach and the cycles approach. Both approaches have benefits for improving speech production in preschoolers with speech sound disorders. The traditional approach is commonly used with children with relatively few articulation errors. The cycles approach is used with children with severe speech sound disorders who have many phonological process errors.
Details Projected Climate Change Effects on Minnesota Joanna Blum
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Greenhouse gases have been on the rise exponentially since the industrial revolution. While this is a global phenomenon, progress has been too slow to counteract the projected climate change. I will be presenting on how climate change will affect the mean precipitation and mean surface temperature in Minnesota using climate predictions from models. This includes comparing climate change data to temperature and precipitation data from IPCC with a spatial resolution 1/8°. I will also be using this data to visualize what these changes may look like over the next fifty years.
Details Barriers to going to the doctor: perspectives of families affected by autism Andrea Spragg
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Rachel Stotts
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized as a developmental disability in which an individual has difficulty communicating with others, interacting socially, and exhibits restrictive/repetitive behaviors. Within the diagnosis of ASD, there are three levels of severity. Each individual with ASD is affected differently with regard to overall development. Regardless, the diagnosis of ASD effects parents and families and can have a large impact on their day to day life. In particular, an area that can induce increased stress levels is going to medical appointments. Individuals with ASD are especially susceptible to increased medical needs compared to those without. For a myriad of reasons, these appointments can become stressful and result in negative experiences. Through completion of a survey by families affected by ASD, the hope is to be able to conclude what aspects of appointments are the most problematic.
Details "Who am I?" Using the Van Hiele Levels of Geometric Thought Kia Grindland
Rachel Saville
Morgan Richards
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The Van Hiele theory of geometric thought describes the different levels of understanding through which students’ progress when learning geometry. Children are often taught the names of different geometric shapes, but they do not develop the discriminating power they need to use the names with meaning. Our game, “Who am I?” will allow students to not only describe their shape but also justify the reasoning behind it. Using the Van Hiele theory, this presentation discusses how to move this simple game through the five levels of geometric thought.
Details RNNs and Gradient Descent Luke Sanderson
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Damiano Fulghesu
CMU 214 1:20 PM to 1:40 PM Ever wondered how your phone can talk, recognizes songs, etc.? Surprisingly or unsurprisingly, it deals with math and coding. What your phone has been programmed to do is to use neural networks and recurrent neural networks. These systems help us approximate whatever answer you may be looking for. For these networks to "learn", we need to dive deeper into gradient descent in order to optimize these networks. The only prerequisites required to make these networks work is coding, linear algebra, and multivariate calculus. As we continue learning how these types of networks, we will use higher techniques like ODEs to solve these problems. This talk is a summary of how gradient descent works, how neural networks work, RNNs, and lastly RNNs using ODEs.
Details The Benefits of Using Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) Jena Dahl
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Rachel Stotts
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM According to Pyramid Educational Consultants, Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a form of user-initiated, Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC) geared to develop language and sentence structure through a series of six training phases (n.d). Despite PECS being a frequent topic of research regarding children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and having many advantages, PECS is often overlooked and underestimated. The goal of this research is to provide more information to support the use of PECS as a communication system with more individuals with communication disorders. PECS should be implemented more often due to the high success rates, the long list of advantages, the extensive list of those who can benefit from PECS, as well as how easily professionals and caregivers can access training to utilize PECS.
Details Sharing the Universe Through the Planetarium Melissa Foley
Boston Heaford
Oral Presentation Physics and Astronomy Department Juan Cabanela
Sara Schultz
Planetarium 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM This past Summer 2018, Boston Heaford and Melissa Foley received Strong Scholarship funds to conduct research and create content for the MSUM Planetarium. The planetarium is a fun and effective teaching tool for people of every age. Boston created content on stellar evolution as well as a new planetarium show called Space Quest that is based off a Choose Your Own Adventure storyline for maximum audience participation. Melissa created an adult version of an already popular and student-made show called Solar System Explorers. She also researched creating a planetarium show about Egypt to bring more diversity into the educational content that the planetarium offers. Both students have helped advance education in the planetarium through content creation and training new students to spread knowledge using the planetarium software called UniView.
Details Does access to healthy food correlate with diabetes prevalence? Matthew Anderson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Diabetes is one of the most prevalent diseases facing the American population today. Although there are many known risk factors for this disease, understanding more about potential fundamental causation of high diabetes prevalence may help relieve the epidemic trend of diabetes. I will be determining if there is a correlation between statewide healthy food access and the percent diagnosis of diabetes. I will be using 2018 full data reports from the CDC and USDA put together by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation program “County Health Rankings & Roadmaps”. I will be doing an exploratory data analysis to determine any correlation between healthy food access and diabetes prevalence. Healthy food access may be an indicator of large-scale food programs and policies in a community and may offer another root issue behind diabetes prevalence in America. A relationship between these two variables may help to uncover whether community food access programs could be implemented to lower diabetes prevalence.
Details Using Performance Feedback and Self-Graphing to Improve Writing Fluency Grant Fodness
Poster Psychology Department Mary Dosch
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The purpose of this project was to examine the effect of a performance feedback and self-graphing intervention on three second-grade students with high-incidence disabilities. Writing fluency, the ability to write with speed and accuracy, has been shown to demonstrate a mastery of writing skills at the basic level (National Commission on Writing, 2003) and was targeted in this intervention. The students completed six sessions of a performance feedback intervention with a self-graphing component over the course of four weeks, and it was found that each student’s mean number of total words written and correct writing sequences increased from baseline to intervention stage. This project may provide support for previous literature that performance feedback is an effective intervention in increasing writing fluency and suggests that self-graphing can be an effective addition to performance feedback.
Details Education and Entertainment for children in the MSUM Planetarium Callie Tescher
Oral Presentation Planetarium Sara Schultz
Planetarium 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM During the Fall 2018 semester and continuing into the Spring 2019 semester, Callie Tescher has been creating shows for the MSUM Planetarium that appeal to younger audiences while incorporating educational elements. In the Fall 2018 semester, Callie developed and released both a Harry Potter show and a Cat in the Hat themed show, both of which sold out. Both shows demonstrated the educational function of the Planetarium while still being entertaining for young audiences. Currently, she is developing a show based around the popular Percy Jackson book series for children. Through her efforts, Callie has shown how the Planetarium can be utilized for both entertainment and education together.
Details The Impact of Low Socioeconomic Status (SES) On Dual Language Learning in Young Children Katlyn Burkey
Poster Speech/Language/Hearing Clinic Tina Veale
Kris Vossler
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The Hispanic population is the second largest ethnic group in the U.S. and accounts for the second highest amount of people below the poverty line following the white population. A large portion of the Hispanic population are bilingual Spanish-English speakers. Dual language learning children in the U.S. generally show lower levels of academic achievement (e.g., language development) than their monolingual peers. There is broad consensus regarding the negative impact of low socioeconomic status on language development in both monolingual and dual-language children. Speech-language pathologists who assess bilingual children often face the difficult task of determining if the difficulties they demonstrate are indicative of a disability or a language difference based on the child’s cultural and linguistic background. Bilingual children are often over or under-identified for services, due to the limited knowledge speech-language pathologists have regarding typical development within the population and limited reliable assessment procedures to follow. The purpose of this paper was to explore the ways in which low socioeconomic status affects dual language development in addition to exploring factors for consideration regarding the assessment process for this population.
Details The Pet Trade and Topical Conservation in Costa Rica Joanna Blum
Samantha North
Nicholas Wilm
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
Brian Wisenden
CMU 203 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Millions of animals are sold in the pet trade each year. These animals can be captive bred or wild caught, sourced legally or illegally. Wild caught animals can benefit their country of origins’ economy and local ecosystems, it is when these creatures are bought and sold illegally that the pet trade hinders conservation efforts. During our time spent in Costa Rica we explored the natural habitats of popular exotic animals of interest in the pet trade ie parrots, crocodiles, and moneys. We also asked tour guides about Costa Rica's history with the international pet trade.We will be discussing the effects of local and international pet trade as well as how people can influence it even when they are not purchasing exotic animals. This includes the positives and negatives of zoos and social media, as well as additional examples from Costa Rica.
Details Gene Diversity in Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) Found in the Gulf of Mexico Megan Gates
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Harmful algal blooms have been an increasing issue in the world of marine ecology in the past few years. Many animals have been affected by this increase in blooms, including the common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Gulf of Mexico. Harper et at. (2015) collected data from various groups of these dolphins to examine the possible adaptations their genes have made in order to combat the harmful algal bloom affects. This analysis will determine which genes are significantly different between the dolphin groups due to geographical differences and also look into why it is possible that they differ from one area to another. These results could potentially be used to look into the affects harmful algal blooms may have on other species, and also give insight as to which genes, if affected enough, can bring about fatalities.
Details Testing Estrogen and BPA Levels in the Red River Ashley Trustheim
Garrett Hennen
Morgan Stoffel
Kylie Lange
Jade Schanz
Kelsey Lindgren
Zoe Kienenberger
Nikolas Newville
Poster Biosciences Department Shawn Garrett
Ellen Brisch
Patricia Wisenden
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have become a prevalent problem in many environments such as lakes and rivers. Studies have shown that EDCs are becoming a problem for global health. Endocrine disrupting chemicals can consist of plastics (bisphenols), estrogens or emulsifiers (alkylphenols). The chemical levels of EDCs in rivers and streams have risen in the past years and have negative impacts on aquatic life. In this research, we set out to test and determine the effects of the EDCs in aquatic life downstream and upstream of the effluent plant in Moorhead, MN. To determine if the EDCs in these samples were significantly different from one another, the samples were concentrated. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to analyze the concentrated samples. In conjunction with this experiment, another study was conducted using the river water samples to see if they effected hatching rates of zebrafish embryos.
Details Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have become a prevalent problem in many environments such as lakes and rivers. Studies have shown that EDCs are becoming a problem for global health. Endocrine disrupting chemicals can consist of plastics (bisphenols), estrogens or emulsifiers (alkylphenols). The chemical levels of EDCs in rivers and streams have risen in the past years and have negative impac Ashley Trustheim
Garrett Hennen
Morgan Stoffel
Kylie Lange
Jade Schanz
Kelsey Lindgren
Zoe Kienenberger
Nikolas Newville
Poster Biosciences Department Ellen Brisch
Shawn Garrett
Patricia Wisenden
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have become a prevalent problem in many environments such as lakes and rivers. Studies have shown that EDCs are becoming a problem for global health. Endocrine disrupting chemicals consist of plastics (bisphenols), estrogens or emulsifiers (alkylphenols). The chemical levels of EDCs in rivers and streams have risen in the past years and have negative impacts on aquatic life. In this research, we set out to test and determine the effect of the EDCs on aquatic life downstream and upstream of the effluent plant in Moorhead, MN. The purpose of this study was to determine if the EDCs present in the water samples had a biological effect on the hatching rates of zebrafish embryos. The embryos were places in three different water treatments to determine if the presence or lack thereof had an impact on the hatching rates. The different treatments were water collected downstream, and upstream of the effluent plant and dechlorinated tap water (control). Data has been collected on the times it took the embryos of the fish to hatch. A concurrent study is being done on the same river water samples for the EDC levels.
Details Narratives of Children with Autism: A Discussion of Syntax and Intervention Andi Arp
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM This presentation presents a synopsis of a literature review which examined how the language deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) impact their written narrative abilities; particularly in terms of their syntax. As children progress through their education, there are increased demands for forming dynamic narratives. This begins with oral narratives, but soon includes written narratives as well. Since ASD has global language deficits, it is expected that writing will be a challenge for children with ASD. ? ?
Details Exploration of Complexity Principles in Intervention for Preschool Phonological Delays Asha Throntveit
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Kris Vossler
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM A wide variety of evidence-based practice (EBP) literature is available for speech-language pathologists regarding intervention approaches suited for the remediation of preschool phonological delays. The complexity approach to phonological intervention is a framework that suggests teaching children more complex phoneme targets or word structures will allow children to generalize that knowledge to less complex sounds. The purpose of this paper was to explore the clinical factors of using the complexity approach that can induce system-wide phonological change. Four studies were identified that could be collectively described based on principles of complexity: Maximal oppositions (Gierut, 1989), intervention targeting later acquired phonemes (Gierut, Morrisette, Hughes, & Rowland, 1996), three-element clusters (Gierut & Champion, 2001), and treatment of later-acquired sounds by Gierut & Morrisette (2012). All four studies were trialed and explored through small-scale sample sizes of Level IIb evidence. Evidence from the research studies support complex intervention procedures when treating children ages 3 to 6 years old with at least five English sounds excluded from their phonemic inventories. Specifically, current and future speech-language pathologists should prioritize selection of late-acquired, least-knowledgeable (as characterized by inventory constraints), implicationally marked, and non-stimulable target sounds in addition to major class and maximally distinctive feature differences to produce broad, system-wide change in phonology.
Details Relationship Between Visceral Fat and Blood Glucose Levels Abby Thorkelson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Diabetes is a common disease in which there is too much sugar in the blood for long periods of time. Insulin is naturally produced in the body to regulate blood sugar. In type 1 diabetes, not enough insulin is produced in the body, and in type 2 diabetes, insulin is produced, but parts of the body are insulin resistant. Fat distribution is a known factor in insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. Dr. Bee Wisenden teaches the physiology lab in the spring and each spring she collects data from the class. She records their body fat levels and blood glucose levels. I will be using exploratory data analysis of Dr. Wisenden’s data to determine if there is a relationship between body fat and blood glucose levels, and what this relationship signifies. If there is a positive significant relationship between body fat and blood glucose levels, I can hopefully relate that to diabetes and learn about the relationship between the three.
Details Preparing to Observe TESS Exoplanet Candidates Isobel Snellenberger
Adam Kline
Poster Physics and Astronomy Department Matthew Craig
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM We prepared the Paul P. Feder Observatory at the Minnesota State University Moorhead Regional Science Center to observe exoplanet transits after recent upgrades of the camera and control system. We characterized the camera by measuring linearity, gain, read noise, and dark current. We observed a transit of the exoplanet Kelt 16b, the first exoplanet transit observed with the new system. We also discuss how we minimize tracking error without a guide camera. We have been accepted into the TESS follow up program and hope to start receiving data in the fall of 2019.
Details Exploring the Solar System through Gustav Holst's The Planets Suite Abigail Bormann
Oral Presentation Planetarium Sara Schultz
Planetarium 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM A little over 100 years ago an orchestral masterpiece was debuted in London. The Planets, by Gustav Holst, was premiered on September 29th, 1918. Holst was a composer, arranger and teacher. His most famous work was The Planets, or as it was originally called, Seven Pieces for Large Orchestra. Even though Holst’s intentions for the piece were not grounded in science, we can still make connections between the music and the actual features of the planets. We can also draw connections to the mythology associated with the name of each planet. During this planetarium presentation we will explore these multiple layers of the piece: its musicality, mythology, and astronomy.
Details Coping with Homelessness: The Potential for Art Therapies with Children Kayli Fitz
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Bradley Bachmeier
CMU 216 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Topic Background: According to the city of Fargo website, homelessness affects approximately 760 people in the Fargo-Moorhead area on any given night. Unfortunately, families with multiple children make up part of that number – meaning that many children are subject to growing up in and out of shelters across the area. In my research, I will be exploring the effects that homelessness has on youth as well as the benefits that art therapy can provide for them. I will be digging into existing research as well as conducting interviews with Marissa Jensen, the founder of the Saturday Art Club at Churches United for the Homeless and other pertinent individuals, where I was initially introduced to and became interested in this topic. Goals of Research Project: While art therapy can benefit a wide range of people, in this research I will focus solely on how it can enable children living in homelessness to cope with their confusing, difficult, situation, while also helping them to heal through the use of creative expression. Existing research has shown art therapy can provide a way for children to process and explore their experience of homelessness, allowing for a safe outlet in which they can communicate what may be unspeakable. My goal is to find evidence and become more aware of how the process of art-making may be helpful to the children who are currently staying at this shelter. I will present summaries of existing literature on this topic and utilize that information to build my own research framework with which to study the impacts and potential for Art Therapy with children experiencing homelessness in Fargo-Moorhead.
Details Wave Equation Model Nitesh Shankat
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Ashok Aryal
CMU 218 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM Differential equations arise in many modeling problems in physical sciences, engineering and several other fields. Wave equation is one of the fundamental equations in field of partial differential equation. These types of equations have been used extensively to model several wave phenomena such as acoustic, seismic waves and fluid dynamic. In this talk, I will first introduce two-dimensional wave equation, describe how the concavity of the graph of vibrating string (wave) is directional proportional to the acceleration of the wave, discuss how the equation is derived, and explain some techniques to solve such equations. Finally, if time permits, I will discuss some real-life application of the wave equations.
Details Determinants of order selection error rates in a broadline food distribution warehouse: Does cultural bias matter? Jared Weber
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Oscar Flores-Ibarra
Tonya Hansen
CMU 207 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM In a high-volume broadline food distribution warehouse employee errors add up quickly and become expensive. Employees called “selectors” account for nearly 40-60% of warehouse direct labor budgets (Miller, 2004), while not included in direct labor budgets is the cost of reshipping product sent in error. The formula to calculate order selection error rates is Err=(TotalErrors/TotalCases)*1000 and can be influenced by various determinants. This research identifies the determinants of error rates in a broadline food distribution warehouse located in the upper Midwest and analyzes whether error rates are greater for foreign-born order selectors due to cultural bias. Cultural bias is a form of ethnocentrism in which people from different ethnic backgrounds judge the outside world through a viewpoint based on their own cultural standards. As a means of assessing an order selector’s understanding of the English language and whether the individual was born in a foreign country, order selectors completed a Short on Load/Mispick written test during the second week of employment in 2018. These data in combination with input from industry experts permit comparisons to variables recognized for influencing selector error rates in previous literature. While previous research focuses on self-assessed, personality traits of the selector, this research also considers the selector’s cultural background as an influence in order-selection rates in order to identify cultural bias.
Details Species Composition and Sex and Age Ratios of Small Mammals Before and During a Prairie Restoration in Clay County, Minnesota Breanna Huynh
Evan Carlson
Dominic Carr
Dylan Leach
Poster Biosciences Department Donna Stockrahm
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Recently, using a grant from the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, Minnesota State University Moorhead (MSUM) restored former agricultural land, called the “Houston Property” (HP) and an adjoining “Golf Course” (GC) both owned by the MSUM Regional Science Center near Glyndon, MN, back to native tallgrass prairie. One main objective of the grant was to live-trap small mammals to determine species composition, abundances, habitat use, and behaviors before, during, and after restoration. Small mammals were live-trapped during summers of 2015-2018 and data were recorded on species, sex, age, and location. The restoration process for the HP began in the summer of 2016 and 2017 on GC when an herbicide was applied. Later, a prairie seed mix was planted. Species diversity varied with the stage of the restoration, but included mainly Peromyscus spp., thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus), and meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus), but also short-tailed shrews (Blarina brevicauda), chipmunks (Tamias striatus), jumping mice (Zapus spp.), and others. The purpose of this poster is to look at sex and age ratios for the different species of small mammals live-trapped before and during the restoration, i.e., from 2015-2018. Preliminary results show that sex ratios varied considerably between years on our plots. Age ratios will give us an estimate of reproduction output as restoration proceeds and could possibly point to future population trends as the juvenile population approaches sexual maturity. Sex ratios will give us an idea of the health of the reproductive populations.
Details Unpacking Digital Tools: A Mindful Lens On 4 Innovative Applications for Early Literacy Instruction Micaela Feldt
Poster School of Teaching and Learning Daniel Olufemi
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Dewey (1994) contends, "If we teach today's students as we taught yesterday's, we rob them of tomorrow" (p.167). Dewey made the case, almost a century ago, in critique of the instructional approaches adopted in schools. Even today, his assertion remains pertinent, considering the prevailing one-size-fits-all model of eduction in our schools which has constantly positioned young learners as blank slates or empty vessels, and in consequence, undermines their academic independence, creative impulses, and problem-solving abilities. With this in mind, this presentation, inspired by an Early Literacy course assignment about educational technology, seeks to amplify the promise of digital tools in advancing literacy learning in early childhood and elementary classrooms, centering on four innovative applications. The theoretical framework utilized in framing the presentation is sociocultural theory of teaching and learning (Vygotsky, 1978). Citation Dewey, John (1944). Democracy and Education. New York: Macmillan Company.Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in Society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press.
Details Communication Patterns of Children with Hearing Loss Katelyn Tallas
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Tina Veale
Nancy Paul
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Children with hearing loss present with a unique set of differences in their language and communication abilities. This research was designed to aid speech-language pathologists in understanding these unique features, and to describe best practices in assessment for children with hearing loss. It is important that clinicians first understand hearing loss itself, and differences in hearing loss impact child language abilities differently. While the incidence of hearing loss identified late has decreased since implementing the Universal Newborn Hearing Screenings (World Health Organization, 2009), it is still important that educators and speech-language pathologists understand the impact of hearing loss on communication. According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)(2016), part of the role of the speech-language pathologist is to understand the effects of hearing loss on communication development. This review of the literature discusses the typical communication patterns of children with hearing loss pertaining to articulation and phonology, expressive and receptive language skills, pragmatic language, and literacy. Additionally, this literature review provides information on assessment, including hallmark characteristics and examples of appropriate formal and informal assessment materials for speech-language pathologists.
Details Machine Learning on Mobile Devices using TensorFlow Elias Eid
Oral Presentation Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
CMU 218 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM Artificial intelligence is one of the many areas in Computer Science that has exhibited great levels of growth over the past few years. In particular, machine learning is being used to build systems that computers can follow to perform tasks without explicit instructions. Recognizing objects and user input is an area where machine learning shines. The main objective of this project is to build an Android application that uses TensorFlow to showcase the capabilities of on-device machine learning. TensorFlow is an open source machine learning framework developed by the Google Brain team. Using TensorFlow Lite, the Android application will be able to identify the various superhero characters. Additionally, the application will be able to recognize user-generated touch input. I will explore the challenges of developing and implementing machine learning in mobile application and the new opportunities made possible through the advancements of artificial intelligence.
Details Raspberry Pi Weather Station Ryan Anderson
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM My research project uses a raspberry pi in conjunction with sensors to obtain basic weather data. The three weather calculations I will be gathering are temperature, humidity, and air pressure. The raspberry pi runs a very simple Linux operating system. I will be using Python scrips to obtain the caught weather data and a SQLite database to store all that caught data. Once in my database, another student, Casey Vargo, will be taking over and using his developed API to transition the data further up the chain. The third and final link in the whole project is a mobile app developed by Kyle Dahn which will present historical data gathered from the raspberry pi weather station. All three individual projects, building of the raspberry pi and collecting the data, designing and developing a functional API, and developing an efficient mobile app, will work together to become something greater. This entire system will show people the logical progression from hardware to back end to front end.
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of 1-Acyl-2-Methyl Analogs Eric Gibbons
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of 1-Acyl-2-Methyl Analogs Eric Gibbons, Craig Jasperse Antipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment. Antipyrine has an N1-methyl group and an N2-phenyl. I will report on preparation of variants that instead position the methyl on N2, while place more polar acyl groups of varying size on N1. I have worked out a procedure to synthesize, isolate, and purify 2,5-dimethylpyrazole in large scale, that reacts efficiently with acyl chlorides in the presence of triethylamine to produce 1-acyl-2-methylpyrazoles. Procedural details, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance structural characterization, and the range of acyl chlorides screened will be presented. The resulting pyrazolones will eventually be tested at Mayo Clinic to evaluate how the structural changes impact drug performance. Some preliminary results may also be presented regarding attempts to react the 2,5-dimethylpyrazole with alkylating agents.
Details Overview of Chinese Car Market Robert Haarstad
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Ruth Lumb
CMU 216 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM This research project provides an overview of the Chinese car market. The paper presents a synopsis of how Deng Xiaoping’s special economic zones radically altered the Chinese economy as it moved away from the more communistic policies under Mao. Domestic and foreign car manufactures, the openings of new manufacturing plants, and customer interests are compared from the early days of the Chinese car market to the present. Reasons as to why China has become one of the largest car markets in the world, with unprecedented growth for many years, are presented as well as why tensions between China and the United States have resulted in a slowdown in this growth. Lastly, implications for China’s future due to the growing trend of green vehicles/energy and a rise of public transportation will be discussed.
Details Designing a General Webserver on Minimal Hardware Sam Kivisto
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Designing and building a server that will execute code on clients who connect to it, allowing them to mine bitcoin for the operators of any given website. Website owners would contract this server to operate concurrently with their websites as an alternative to showing their users advertisements. Ideally, this would be made clear to any given user.
Details Server-Side Scripts for an Alternative to Advertisements in Web Applications Tanner Kostuch
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM A collection of server-side scripts for the purpose of interacting with a database and client-side scripts. The client-side scripts will utilize the processing power of the end user to mine a cryptocurrency and the database will be used to store a variety of information about said processing. The scripts created in this project will be used to interface the two together. They will handle inputting data into the database, which includes how much data has been processed by the different end users from the client-side scripts. These server-side scripts will also send and receive the different information regarding the client-side scripts. It will mediate mining requests and control how much of the end users processing power will be utilized.
Details Incorporating Technology into Mathematics Teaching and Learning    Rebecca Hagert
Noelle Bergerson
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM There are many benefits to using technology in the classroom. Research has shown that through the use of technology there are many dynamic opportunities for instruction in many subjects including math. Technology is an excellent way for students to work on their mathematical skills because it gives students an individualized approach to learning and questions can be tailored to their responses. Technology can also provide an enhanced learning process by making concepts come alive through engaging and interactive media. With technology evolving so rapidly, it is hard to know the best software to use in Mathematics classrooms. This presentation focuses on the importance and benefits of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics in elementary schools. The presentation will address how to incorporate engaging technology­based programs to help students better understand the concept of patterns. This presentation will provide information on recent research as well as programs, websites, and apps on ways of teaching repeating and growing patterns to elementary aged students for conceptual understanding.
Details An In-Browser Alternative to Advertisements Joshua Cervenka
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The basic idea of this project is to offer an alternative to users viewing advertisements when visiting certain websites. Some users can become annoyed and frustrated with ads distracting them from the content they want to watch, read etc. This alternative can be done by running specific JavaScript code that will prompt the user for their consent to have the website use their computer’s computational and processing power to essentially mine memory-based cryptocurrency. This cryptocurrency has monetary value that make up for the absence of advertisements. Many websites can secretly do this without the user’s consent, which is known more maliciously as “cryptojacking”, but this script will always ask the user if they would like to use the service or not. Again, the goal is to create a simple alternative, so if a user does not have computer, or at least one with decent enough components, they may not be able to take advantage of this alternative.
Details Hotter Temperatures may mean Greener days Nico Arias
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM An increase in temperature over the next 50-100 will have a wide range of effects on the biosphere. According to figures published by the EPA in 2017 Minnesota will see a between a 4 and 11-degree Fahrenheit within the next 100 years. I will explore how NDVI has changed in accordance with the temperature at various locations in Minnesota. Landsat data will be used in correspondence with land surface temperature to determine if a correlation exists. To accomplish this state parks will be randomly selected to represent Minnesota's natural areas. NDVI should increase assuming that growing seasons are increasing in length because of increased temperatures.
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of C4-Formyl and C4-Aminomethyl Analogs Matthew Anderson
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Antipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment. Antipyrine has a C4-hydrogen and N1-methyl. I will report on preparation of variants that replace those with larger and more polar groups. I have worked out a procedure to synthesize, isolate, and purify 4-formyl antipyrine in large scale (>10g). I will present a novel and effective reductive amination procedure for synthesizing C4-alkylaminomethyl antipyrine analogs. Procedural details and the range of amines screened will be presented. Both primary and secondary alkylamines add well. An arylamine failed to add. Preliminary results will also be reported regarding attempted preparation of N1-alkyl and N1-acyl analogs of antipyrine. Results of experiments to attempt introduction of N1-ethyl and propyl groups by high-temperature thermal alkylation reactions will reported. Experiments to attempt introduction of an N1-acyl group will also be reported.
Details Geese Migratory Patterns Daniel Paulson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Migration for many birds is of utmost importance for the survival for their species. This is the case for geese as they migrate south into warmer climates during the fall and winter months and back north during the spring and summer months. I will analyze and be asking what amount of geese travel back north during the spring months and at what rates. For my research I will be using a data set from eBird. With an exploratory data analysis, I will be determining what percent of geese migrate up north at a time and when. This information will be useful in determining if all geese migrate back north for the summer and if not what percentage of the geese population choose to stay south. This could also help determining at which time of the hunting season for hunters is the most optimal for the best results.
Details Arduino gaming controller Android Thomas Lieser
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM For this project I created a video game system with an Android device and an Arduino. The Android device is used to display the game that was developed, and the Arduino was used to build a gaming controller that would be able to control the game that was on the Android device. The game was programmed in C# using Unity software. The controller was programmed in C using the Arduino environment and was built with different types of components like LEDS, buttons and an Arduino joystick and Bluetooth module. The Arduino was able to connect with the Android device using Bluetooth communication.
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of C4-Alkylamino Analogs Yaa Pokua Osei Sarpong
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Antipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment. Antipyrine has a C4-hydrogen. I will report on preparation of variants that replace that with larger and more polar alkylamino groups. I will present a novel reductive alkylation method for coupling 4-aminoantipyrine with ketones. Procedural details, NMR structural characterization, and the range of carbonyls screened will be presented. The scope of the reaction encompasses ketones of all varieties. Both cyclic and acyclic ketones work; both very large and small ketones work; and both non-aromatic, aromatic, and doubly aromatic ketones all work well. The reaction is not effective for aldehydes. The library of products will eventually be tested at Mayo Clinic to evaluate available 3D-volume around the C4 position of the drugs. Some preliminary results may also be presented regarding an indirect access to primary alkylaminoantipyrine analogs derived from aldehydes using a 2-step process.
Details Sanctuary Cities and their Respective Effect on Crime Rates Adam Schutt
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
Oscar Flores-Ibarra
CMU 207 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM According to the U.S. Center for Immigration Studies (2017), twenty-four states include either cities or counties that declare themselves as a place of “sanctuary” for illegal immigrants. These locations have laws, ordinances, regulations, resolutions, policies or other practices that obstruct immigration enforcement and shield criminals from Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Griffith and Vaughan, 2017). The two major U.S. political parties articulate opposing viewpoints when it comes to the creation and implementation of sanctuary cities and the respective effects on those cities. This cross-sectional study addresses the following question: Do sanctuary cities experience higher violent crime rates than those cities that are not? Using publicly-available data from both the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the United States Census Bureau’s American Community Survey for the year 2016, this regression analysis investigates the relationship between the violent crime rate in each city and independent variables (average income, average age, percentage of the population that is Hispanic, percentage of the population over twenty-five with less than a high school diploma, percentage of foreign-born individuals, percentage of non-citizens and designation as a sanctuary city or not) which the research literature or the media has linked to violent criminal activity. Results of this research reveal if sanctuary cities, on average, experience higher violent crime rates than those cities that are not sanctuary cities, and inform immigration policy decisions occurring presently.
Details Liver Transplant Method and its Effect on Long-term Creatinine Levels Trysten Jensen
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Liver transplants make up a large percentage of organ transplantation surgeries. Two major types of liver transplants, termed conventional and piggyback, help those dealing with liver failure. Commonly, creatinine serum levels are measured after liver transplants to determine overall liver function and potential kidney disorders. Creatinine, a waste product of muscle metabolism, is derived from creatine synthesized by the liver. Liver dysfunction leads to abnormal amounts of creatine synthesized, thus impacting the amount of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is typically filtered out by the kidneys, but high levels of creatinine lead to kidney failure. Therefore, adequate liver synthesis of creatinine’s precursor is an indicator of future renal failure. Taking data from the Brescia et al. (2015), long-term creatinine levels will be compared between individuals undergoing conventional or piggyback transplants. By determining which transplantation method results in lower long-term creatinine levels, doctors can adequately assess a patient and choose the method more appropriate for their long-term survival.
Details The effect of micro-credit on women empowerment and the extreme poor in Bangladesh S Nafisa Mahabub
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
Oscar Flores-Ibarra
Steven Bolduc
CMU 214 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM Microcredit programs represent an efficient strategy for alleviating poverty and empowering women. This paper investigates the impact of microcredit programs on the empowerment of women, and the efficacy of these policies targeted toward the extreme poor in Bangladesh. Previous literature recognizes that the impacts of microcredit programs on alleviating poverty in Bangladesh were significantly greater when the recipient was a woman. In response to this finding, this study incorporates panel data from a survey conducted by the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies within a fixed effects regression model to measure if the provision of microcredit enhances women’s feelings of empowerment and independence. This research also studies the ability of microcredit programs to reach the extreme poor, including offering recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of these programs.
Details Roland Duff: Pathfinder Levi Seidel
Poster History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Steven Hoffbeck
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM In this proposed poster, I will study and analyze both the life and service of Roland Duff. Roland Duff, who lived in Winona, MN, during his youth, was a Pathfinder Paratrooper during the raid on Normandy, France during WWII. Duff has given a harrowing account of his time on the D-Day battlefield, which I plan to detail on my poster presentation. I also would like to present information on the untimely and tragic nature of Duff’s passing, which took place during a Anniversary Celebration and a commemorative parachute-jump that Duff was attempting when his parachute malfunctioned and failed to release.
Details Classification and Calculation of Vegetation Indices from UAS Imagery for the Regional Science Center
Asami Minei
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department David Kramar

12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The recent increase in the use of small aerial drones (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) has created a need for further developments of vegetation indices without using the near- infrared (NIR) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). This research presents four non-NIR based vegetation indices in an attempt to determine their applicability for vegetation-based analysis at the MSUM Regional Science Center. We accomplish this task by utilizing either newly developed formulae, or through the modification of existing formulae by replacing the NIR band of the EMS with the green band. We conducted research at two sites, North Pond and Houston, at the Regional Science Center. To analyze vegetative health, we applied 6 different bio-indices (4 of which I present on here), and 2 different classification techniques. Specifically, I am using these techniques to quantify vegetative health and classify that vegetation based on the pixel reflectance values associated with the UAS imagery. The pixel size associated with the imagery is 1/4”, resulting in a high-resolution product.
Details Classification and Calculation of Vegetation Indices from UAS Imagery for the Regional Science Center Asami Minei
Yoko Kosugi
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department David Kramar
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The recent increase in the use of small aerial drones (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) has created a need for further developments of vegetation indices without using the near- infrared (NIR) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). This research presents four non-NIR based vegetation indices in an attempt to determine their applicability for vegetation-based analysis at the MSUM Regional Science Center. We accomplish this task by utilizing either newly developed formulae, or through the modification of existing formulae by replacing the NIR band of the EMS with the green band. We conducted research at two sites, North Pond and Houston, at the Regional Science Center. To analyze vegetative health, we applied 6 different bio-indices (4 of which I present on here), and 2 different classification techniques. Specifically, I am using these techniques to quantify vegetative health and classify that vegetation based on the pixel reflectance values associated with the UAS imagery. The pixel size associated with the imagery is 1/4”, resulting in a high-resolution product.
Details Playing with Patterns Maria Semenko
Matalynn Soderberg
Madison Oswald
Oral Presentation School of Teaching and Learning Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Pattern is a very important skill in mathematics. Early understanding of pattern helps children to develop number concepts and operations. It also helps students make predictions based on observations. According to Rays, Lindquist, Lambdin, and Smith (2015, P. 130), “creating, constructing and describing patterns require problem-solving skills and constitute an important part of mathematics learning.” Children’s ability to recognize and create patterns helps them to make predictions based on their observations. In this creative presentation activity, students will be given an outline and an assortment of pattern blocks. They will then take the pattern blocks and use them to fill in the outline using any arrangement of pattern blocks. Once the students have their outline filled in, they will create a bar graph to represent the amount of different pattern blocks they used. Exploring patterns often requires active mental and physical involvements which this presentation will provide.
Details Using Manipulatives and Models to Foster Understanding of Two-Dimensional Shapes Ellie Rutten
Ella Von Ruden
Kaitlin Meyer
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics has called for and recommended the use of manipulatives in all grade levels to teach a wide variety of mathematical concepts. The activities and manipulatives covered in this presentation will foster geometric thought and reasoning in K-2 students who will be able to construct these models with their hands to help them understand characteristics of two-dimensional shapes. This presentation will include different examples of manipulatives and models of two-dimensional shapes elementary teachers and students can construct in their classroom. These manipulatives will be made of inexpensive materials teachers can buy and use. We will create and explain the use of three different models: (1) pipe cleaners, (2) popsicle sticks, and (3) marshmallows and pretzel sticks. We will explain how to create these models and how to implement the use of these manipulatives in a lesson or activity.
Details Arboreal Mammals of Costa Rica Laura Bowen
Kristina Keller
Jordyn Ketcham
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
Brian Wisenden
CMU 203 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM We will be presenting on various species of Arboreal Mammals; including the White-faced Capuchin, Mantled Howler, Geoffroy's Spider Monkey, Hoffman’s Two-toed Sloth, Brown-throated Sloth, kinkajou, and olingo. We’re going to discuss the impacts of charismatic qualities of such mammals that relate to conservation, which may include other species in relating habitats. We will be presenting information on things such as the social interactions, diet, habitat, and other animal that may not be as well-known within the habitat of these animals. Many of these mammals share one habitat but have many different characteristics that allow them to stand out and blend into their habitat.
Details Correlation in Asthma related Hospitalizations and Poverty in Minnesota Counties Daniel Deppa
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Asthma is a chronic disease that induces bronchoconstriction and inflammation of the bronchial tubes. Asthma can onset very severe episodes resulting in emergency service visits and hospitalization. Many asthma triggers that are easily avoidable are causing asthma attacks due to impoverished living. How do the rates asthma hospitalization compare in Minnesota counties of differing poverty rates? To answer this question, I will be doing exploratory data analysis on the asthma query data set provided by the MN department of health to compare county poverty rates with hospitalization rates of counties within Minnesota. Results of this analysis can aid in the focus of treating asthma and other diseases further worsened by poverty.
Details Development of a CURE based Cell Block Whitney Shegrud
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Cell Biology Education Consortium (CBEC) is a network of faculty and students devoted to the coordinated implementation of culture based research into the classroom. The primary goal is to develop Cell Block modules that include both written and video protocols along with assessments and strategies for implementation. Course based undergraduate research experience (CURE) are classroom based experiences that provide opportunities for all students to engage in thoughtful research. The purpose of CURE is to explore a question with an unknown answer by exposing students to the process of scientific discovery. With financial support from CBEC, we will be designing a Cell Block module that will guide both faculty and students through a cell-culture-based CURE and copyrighted material will be made available to educational institutions, such as ours. As a result, students will know how to design a research question, hypothesis and experiment and learn cell culture and other lab related techniques. Additionally, students who receive CURE based instruction may experience positive outcomes in areas relating to cognition, psychosocial, behavioral and affective.
Details Exploratory analysis of Phagocytic cell presence in Murine Models Whitney Shegrud
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
Sumali Pandey
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Aspergillus fumigatus is a highly prevalent mold that releases many conidia into the atmosphere. Due to their small size, the spores can easily reach the lung alveoli if inhaled. Recent studies now demonstrate, what was once considered a weak pathogen has now become a serious concern for immunocompromised hosts leading to severe and often fatal invasive infections. Several studies have looked at innate immunity against infection and found high levels of macrophage and neutrophil involvement in phagocytosis. This study aims to further investigate the effects of A. fumigatus on innate immune cells present in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) by performing exploratory data analysis using Rstudio. The data under investigation was collected by several research students within the Microbial Pathogenesis Lab supervised by Dr. Sumali Pandey. C57 mice were treated with A. fumigatus for 8 weeks with BAL harvest 3 days post challenge. BAL samples were fixed on a glass slide and histology stained. Immune cells present were counted at 5 random fields at 100x magnification.
Details Maze Solving Robot Yik Ping Khoo
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Self-driving cars are popular in this day and age. I fancy the idea of programming a scaled down robot buggy that is automated to solve a possible scenario in real life. This project is about a robot that is programmed to drive itself in a maze, from an open end to the other. Several key algorithms and data structures are applied to make this project possible.
Details Conservation of Costa Rican Predatory Mammal Habitat Glory Ames
Joshua Schmiess
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
CMU 203 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM We will be looking at the habitat issues of the predatory mammals of Costa Rica and how it has affected their populations and locations. Many of the wild cat populations in Costa Rica have been put on the threatened or endangered species list due to loss of habitat through deforestation throughout the country. Jaguars and jaguarundis are the ones who face the most threat of extinction due to habitat loss. There are also non-feline predators like the tayra, whose habitat ranges from tropical forests to the different agricultural areas, but with the spread of deforestation and agricultural expansion, they are experiencing diminishing populations as well. In our presentation, we will discuss the way the Costa Rica has increased conservation of these habitats and how the protections of one animal greatly benefits others.
Details New Rivers Press Sarah Ernster
Alyssa Berry
Alexandra Ferguson
Lauren Phillips
Oral Presentation New Rivers Press Nathan Rundquist
Kevin Carollo
Travis Dolence
CMU 216 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM New Rivers Press is an innovative literary publishing press that is interconnected with MSUM’s English undergraduate program. The purpose of this presentation is to increase student awareness of and involvement with the press. The press offers a myriad of opportunities for students to gain editorial, marketing, and design experience which can then be applied to future publishing careers. The oral presentation will discuss the internship program, publishing certificate, and podcasting project. The students plan to discuss the experience editing prose and poetry manuscripts, how one gains valuable communication skills in working alongside the authors to bring the works to final copy. To prove technical and social media knowledge, the students will present and play an NRP podcast episode, an emerging student-run project which interviews authors and promotes literature. Students will also discuss having the opportunity to travel to the annual Association of Writers and Writing Programs (AWP) conference through the NRP internship. The students at NRP gain valuable expertise for future employment and hope to entertain questions from the audience about publishing involvement. The managing staff of New Rivers Press plans to accumulate a greater interest in the press by involving students with the publishing certificate program, which can be applied to multiple majors, for any undergraduate student seeking to learn about editing, publishing houses, or marketing. This presentation will increase student understanding of the publishing career track here at MSUM and promote an established, local, literary press.
Details Emx2 as a Modulator of DNA Methylation in the Cerebrum Nicholas VanRaden
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
Sumali Pandey
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Homeobox protein Emx2 is a transcription factor critical to cerebral development that has been implemented in carcinogenesis. More specifically, research has shown that Emx2 expression is downregulated in glioblastomas. DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that does not alter the genome but effects gene expression. Often, this is achieved by the addition of a methyl group to a DNA promoter region which prevents transcription factor binding, thus, inhibiting RNA polymerase from transcribing the gene. To elucidate the tumor suppressing properties of Emx2, we will examine global DNA methylation analysis using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to compare the extent of methylation in the cerebrum between wild type and Emx2 mutant mouse lines. The magnitude of Emx2 expression shifts from high to low over the course of embryonic development. By examining cerebral tissue samples, every two days from embryonic day 11 (E11.5) through postnatal day 0 (P0), we provide evidence for changes in methylation corresponding to changing levels of Emx2 expression. Identification of alterations in DNA methylation as a result of Emx2 expression allows for further investigation into the correlations between Emx2 expression, DNA methylation, the effected transcriptome, and tumor suppression via targeted epigenetic therapies.
Details Projectile northward migration of flora and fauna in the next century Elizabeth Erber
Nico Arias
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM According to figures published by the EPA in 2017 Minnesota will see a between a 4 and 11-degree Fahrenheit within the next 100 years. This means that large portions of Minnesota could potentially become hospitable to species from the south whose geographical ranges has been increased due to temperature increases. Using data from both eBird and iNaturalist a northward progression of species could be spotted. To accomplish this we could filter data by location and date of observations of specific endemic species and find any current trends. What we expect to see is an invasion of nonnative species in the southern portions of Minnesota.
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of 2-Acyl-1-Phenyl Analogs Logan Spooner
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of 2-Acyl-1-Phenyl Analogs Logan Spooner, Craig JasperseAntipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment.Antipyrine has an N1-methyl group and an N2-phenyl. I will report on preparation of variants that instead position the phenyl on N1, while placing acyl alkyl of varying size on N2. I have worked out a procedure to synthesize, isolate, and purify 5-methyl-1-phenylpyrazolidinone. Preliminary attempts to react that with acyl chlorides will be presented. Procedural details, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance structural characterization, and the range of acyl chlorides screened will be presented. The resulting pyrazolidinones will eventually be tested at Mayo Clinic to evaluate how the structural changes impact drug performance.Some preliminary results may also be presented regarding attempts to react the 2,5-dimethylpyrazole with alkylating agents.
Details : Hands-On Activities: Essential Element in Elementary School Measurement Instruction Karli Williams
Alexis Homme
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM In this presentation, we will discuss with specific examples of why hands-on activities are essential to measurement instruction in elementary schools. One of the biggest problems in elementary schools is that teachers don’t provide sufficient materials for mathematics instructions which can cause misconceptions. Measurement is an essential component for understanding mathematical concepts and it should be taught with a variety of strategies in lower elementary grades. Such strategies may include: counting up objects that take up space to demonstrate volume and capacity and comparing different objects to determine the difference in length. This presentation will provide information and examples on how to implement these strategies in a lower elementary classroom setting.
Details Note-Worthy Music Jacob Schleis
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Note-Worthy MusicAn Android music player applicationBy Jacob SchleisSubmitted to Minnesota State University MoorheadFebruary 24, 2019In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Department of Computer Science Developing a functional mobile application allows for a general understanding of how mobile applications function on a programming level. I have designed an Android music player that provides various features such as listening to music, adding music to libraries, and other various utilities. Seeing the results of an individual going through the developing process and successfully completing his/her goal would provide inspiration to learn more about programming outside of viewing my application. By displaying a poster and interacting with various people that may attend the conference, I hope to encourage others, students in my field who may be struggling, and provide inspiration to keep trying so they too can develop applications. Viewers of my poster would see schedule I set for myself, steps I took in developing, some struggles that happened (and what I did to overcome them), and how much time it took.
Details Antipredator morphological responses of snails to chemical cues in calcium-rich and calcium-poor environments Julia Imdieke
Poster Biosciences Department Brian Wisenden
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Predation one of the most important factors determining whether or not an animal is able to reproduce. Therefore, reducing the probability of predation is a major component of natural selection. Snails use their shell for protection against predators. Building a shell is metabolically costly, but when the risk of predation is high, they invest more heavily in their shell, particularly in changing the shape of their shell to have a more circular opening that is more resistant to being crushed by the jaws of a predator. My experiment is designed to see if the morphological response of freshwater snails (Physella acuta) to chemical indicators of predation risk are constrained when access to dissolved calcium is limited. Throughout a three week period, 60 snails will be grown in individual cups while being exposed to three different chemical cues; predator order, alarm cue, and blank water to act as a control. The samples will be treated once a day with 1 ml of each cue to influence shell growth. Snails require calcium to make such changes and thus, thirty sample’s water will be low calcium (reverse osmosis de-ionized water) while the other thirty will be treated with hard water (180ppm CaCo3). At the end of the three week period, the snails will be individually measured and shell shape will be measured and compared test the effects of treatment cues and calcium availability.
Details Factors influencing high school truancy in the US Vanessa Okeibunor
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Abstract Factors influencing high school truancy in the US Data release by the U.S. census bureau estimates that 13.4% of Americans live below the poverty line, could it be a reason to why there are so many teen's ages 16 to 19 that are not in school or high school graduates? Or could the reason be due to population, income or race. There is a high population of teenagers aged 16 to 19 who are high school dropouts. My research aim is to find out why, and I will be looking at different factors and variables that could tell us, or explain better. Why do some states have a greater percentage of kids out of school than others? I will try to determine how this indicator is varying by state, population, income or race? I will be doing my research using exploratory data analysis. Looking and realizing that each variable did somehow contribute to the immense number of kids, not in high school or school dropout. For this research I will be getting my data from KID COUNT data center, emphasizing on population, state, race and income.
Details Mental Health and Culture in Zimbabwe Rachel Boeckman
Oral Presentation Anthropology and Earth Science Department Bruce Roberts
CMU 218 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Globally, more than 300 million people suffer from depression according to the World Health Organization. Dr. Chibanda is one of just twelve psychiatrists practicing in Zimbabwe, a country of over 16 million. Such statistics are typical in Sub-Saharan Africa, where the ratio of psychiatrists and psychologists to citizens is one for every 1.5 million. Not only do psychiatrists have to deal with an overwhelming amount of patients but they must navigate the technicalities of culture in Zimbabwe. The Shona people of Zimbabwe understand disease causation in the context of traditional spiritual beliefs based loosely on three ideas: (i) all things that exist or happen have a cause (ii) serious occurrences such as birth, puberty, natural disasters, and death are intentionally caused (iii) the cause of any occurrence can be discovered by methods of reason, memory, and divination. As a result, conventional Western terms and explanations for mental illness are insufficient. Thus, Dr. Chibanda was left wondering how exactly to treat his patients. The answer came in the form of some grandmothers and a bench.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: Kinesio Tape Effectiveness for Improving Ankle Stability/Proprioception Katelyn Rohr
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Jay Albrecht
Dawn Hammerschmidt
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Kinesio tape is an athletic training tool that has increased in popularity over the past few decades. Kinesio taping techniques have purported therapeutic benefits of reducing effects associated with inflammation (i.e., reduced swelling, reduced pain, muscle activation or inhibition), however the literature is scant with respect to Kinesio tape’s ability to enhance sport performance, especially with respect to outcomes associated with improving chronic ankle instability (CAI) and proprioception. Chronic ankle instability is defined as the recurring “giving way” sensation of the ankle, resulting from repeated ankle sprains. Proprioception can be defined as the body’s interaction with stimuli originating intrinsically via a variety of sensory receptors associated with spatial position and muscular activity. Ankle sprains can be the result of poor (or lack thereof) ankle proprioception, and over time with repetitive occurrences, can result in CAI. The purpose of this critically appraised topic (CAT) was to investigate Kinesio taping techniques and its effectiveness as it relates to proprioception and CAI.
Details Labor market gender discrimination and the effect of fertility reduction on economic growth in Nigeria Karin Ifesi
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
Steven Bolduc
CMU 214 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM The World Bank estimates Nigeria’s 2015 population at 183 million people and growing rapidly because each Nigerian woman gives birth to 5.5 children on average. A direct relationship exists between female employment and fertility rates, and these variables affect the population of a country. This research addresses the aperture of prior literature by focusing on the fact that as the number of women in the workplace increases, each woman's opportunity cost of giving birth declines. Nigeria Health Watch estimates Nigeria will be the third most populous country in the world by 2050 amidst decreasing GDP of -1.51 percent in 2016. Failure to alter the nation’s fertility rate contributes to several societal problems including hunger and unemployment. Using a linear regression, this study considers how gender discrimination in Nigerian labor markets affects the fertility rate, and ultimately the nation’s economic growth. This research responds to concerns about gender discrimination and offers insights regarding how public policy focused on this issue could enhance Nigeria’s economic future.?
Details Fertility rates in Sierra Leone: What causes them to be so high? Madalyn Winger
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
Oscar Flores-Ibarra
CMU 214 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM Numerous studies from the 1970s to present investigate determinants of women’s fertility in developing countries. The West-Africa nation of Sierra Leone garners limited global attention despite recording both high poverty and fertility rates throughout the 1970s and continuing through the most recent rankings in 2016 and 2018. Among 246 countries around the world with 2016 birth rate data, Sierra Leone ranks 31st with an average of 4.46 total births per woman. According to the World Economic Outlook (October 2018), Sierra Leone also exhibits the fourth lowest GDP per capita at USD 489.31. Merrick (2002) offers a roadmap related to these challenges by noting that declining national fertility rates, when timed correctly and paired with sound economic and social policies, can result in increased personal savings, investment, and economic growth. For a country such as Sierra Leone to pursue this strategy, its policymakers and citizens must understand the determinants of fertility influencing the nation presently. This research revisits the linear regression model implemented by Bailey and Serow (1991) when analyzing fertility determinants in rural Sierra Leone in 1972. By analyzing data from the 2013 Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey within a two-stage least squares regression model, this research uses a woman’s number of siblings as an instrumental variable to correct for endogeneity associated with her desired number of children. Results reveal how age, wealth, education, religion, desired family size, and household location relate to the number of children to which a woman gives birth.
Details What do you MEAN? Kendall Schauer
Emily Opatril
Hannah Loos
Oral Presentation School of Teaching and Learning Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The mean is one of the measures of central tendency. It is generally known as the arithmetic average. It is determined by adding all the values involved and dividing by the number of addends. Seems easy right? This topic can be very confusing for children because it is easy to calculate but difficult to interpret. In this presentation we will explore the different interpretations of the mean. In elementary schools students are taught how to compute the mean but focus less on interpreting the mean. In our presentation we will discuss how the mean can be interpreted, as well as exhibit different ways to teach the concept for both procedural and conceptual understanding for children. By the end of our presentation we hope to provide participants with different methods to effectively teach the mean to children.
Details Analyzing the effects of moral hazard on the United States financial sector Matthew Odegard
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
CMU 214 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM In order to prevent the collapse of the U.S. financial sector, leaders pursued large-scale government intervention in the years following the 2008 housing market crash. Such interventions prompt firms to adopt the “too big to fail” mindset and pursue strategies characterized by moral hazard, the absence of an incentive to guard against risk when one is protected from its consequences. In this environment, companies undertake riskier investments in the short term, which introduces additional and more frequent threats to the financial system in the long run. This research reviews literature from 2008 to present to examine the U.S. government's management of the Great Recession that began in 2008. By analyzing the impacts of these decisions on the financial sector today, this research describes how to avoid or minimize negative consequences of recessions and associated government interventions.
Details Tic Toc Around the Clock Abigail Engelstad
Alyssa Hovland
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Tic Toc Around the Clock This presentation is on teaching time to first graders. Learning how to tell time is a difficult concept for students to understand. The purpose is to help children feel more confident in reading everyday clocks. Developing skills that are necessary to tell the time is important for students because they use them in their everyday life. The focus in first grade is to tell time on the hour and half hour. We will be focusing on a specific learning strategy to give the students practice with analog clocks. Students will be able to identify where the hour hand and minute hand are located for specific hours and half hours. During this activity, the participants will be in pairs and use dice, quarters, and a game board created by the presenters to tell time. We will show how to use this strategy during class to help support learners develop skills associated with telling time.
Details Tessellating the Idea of Tessellations Kaley Clark
Alexander Cimochowski
Stacy Opp
Hannah Vorderbruggen
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Tessellations are an arrangement of shapes, especially polygons, closely fitted together in a repeated pattern without any gaps of overlapping. We see tessellations all around in life with some common examples being: brick walls, quilts, and honey combs. As teachers, we are always trying to connect our content material to the real world and tessellations are a part of our everyday lives. Not only can we connect it to the real world, but there are many cross-cutting concepts within mathematics too. There are certain criteria in creating a tessellation but the steps are not complex and can very well be taught. Tessellations can open up doors to many other concepts in school and life. This presentation focuses on creating an engaging poster board that represents and examines what tessellations are and their relevance to the world. The presentation also covers the history of tessellations, provides real-world examples of tessellations, and describes how one can construct a tessellation. Tessellations can be used in many settings and unfortunately, many people are not familiar with the term. The goal is to create more awareness of tessellations and why they matter.
Details Investigating the effect of antibiotics on phage production by Microbacterium foliorum Baylee Hedstrom
Benjamin Hastad
Jacob Tesch
Zhila Ghafour
Poster Chemistry Department Sumali Pandey
Michelle Tigges
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Several studies have explored possible synergy between bacteriophages and antibiotics, where antibiotics trigger a stress response in bacteria, thereby increasing bacterial cell lysis and release of phage particles. As the bacteriophage and antibiotic interact with the target bacteria, the bacteria have a trade-off between antibiotic and phage resistance. As a result, sublethal concentrations of antibiotic may stimulate the lytic cycle of the phage. This study will investigate a synergy between commercially available antibiotics and phage isolated at MSUM in Fall 2018, against the bacteria Microbacterium foliorum. The phage synergistic antibiotics against M. foliorum will be screened using disk-diffusion assay. Phage therapy has been proposed as a potential solution for antibiotic resistant bacteria. Studies such as the one proposed here may help to inform therapeutic and diagnostic decisions involving antibiotic-resistant bacteria and phage therapy.
Details From SEA-PHAGES to snowphages: Isolation and Analysis of Bacteriophages Isolated from Snow Nikolas Newville
Anna Elgersma
Kelsey Leach
Alex MacGregor
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
Michelle Tigges
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Bacteriophages have many potential applications, including the possibility of being a treatment for antibiotic resistant bacteria. There is very little is known about bacteriophages that are capable of growing in cold temperatures, and even less is known about bacteriophage presence in snow samples. This research will provide valuable insight into these bacteriophages’ morphology and characteristics. We will be working to gain a better understanding of phage specificity and biodiversity by looking at bacteriophages which are capable of growing in cold temperatures and learning if they are viable in warmer conditions. Using modified protocols from the Science Education Alliance-Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES), we will isolate bacteriophages from snow at sites on the Minnesota State University Moorhead campus. The environmental isolates will be grown on various actinobacteria hosts to find a suitable candidate without compromising the integrity of the potentially cold-active phage. If phages are successfully isolated, we will attempt to culture them in warmer condition in order to test their ability to infect known hosts. The results of our bacteriophage infections upon different bacterial hosts will be presented. Our research will help us understand how bacteriophages infect bacterial hosts within a cold environment and to discover if phages found in the Minnesota snow are capable of infecting hosts in multiple environmental conditions.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: Common Personality Factors That Affect An Athlete's Success At Higher Competition Levels Ali Hoffman
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Dawn Hammerschmidt
Jay Albrecht
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Statistics show that less than 10% of high school athletes will compete in a sport at the college level. Consideration of high-level athletic talent, record-breaking statistics, and resources associated with opportunities to compete are important for athletes who compete at high levels of sports competition. The question can then be asked – what is it that determines the success of an athlete transitioning from one level of competition to the next? This CAT examines which common personality factors affect an athlete’s success at the next level. Using qualitative analysis information that was gathered from a variety of databases and academic journals, information was analyzed to determine what specific personality traits are common in making a successful transition from one level of competition to the next (or higher) level of competition. Mental toughness, extraversion, and neuroticism were prominent personality traits highlighted in the professional literature utilized for this CAT. Using various screening methods for the aforementioned personality traits can assist those in advisory positions in guiding athletes with their decisions to pursue their athletic dreams or transition away from them.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: A Comparison of the Efficacy of Whole-Body Cryotherapy and Cold-Water Immersion Therapy. Patrick Liebl
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Jay Albrecht
Dawn Hammerschmidt
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) and cold-water immersion (CWI) are two common cryotherapy methods used in sports medicine. This CAT examines the efficacy of whole-body cryotherapy and cold-water immersion. Whole-body cryotherapy involves standing in -110°C cold air to reduce skin and body soft tissue temperature, while cold-water immersion consists of immersing a person in 8 to 10°C cold water to produce similar effects. Articles investigated compared both cryotherapy methods, however research directly comparing these two cryotherapy methods is very limited. The professional literature indicates that WBC produces lower minimum temperatures and lower surface skin temperature both immediately after the treatment and up to 10 minutes after the treatment ends. Separate, yet related studies showed that CWI had higher skin temperatures up to 10 minutes, but had lower skin temperatures from 10-60 minutes. Additionally, the literature indicated no significant difference in the muscular and core body temperatures when comparing both methods of cryotherapy. While the professional literature remains somewhat inconclusive, some evidence exists stating that WBC produces colder minimum temperatures in body soft tissue, however those decreased tissue temperatures do not persist as long as the low body tissue temperatures that CWI therapies elicit. More research is needed in this area because of the very limited selection of articles that compare both whole-body cryotherapy and cold-water immersion.
Details County Health and the Factors that Contribute Maxwell Scott
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM There are many different factors that contribute to individual health, such as location, environment, culture, ethnicity and more. All these people combine to form communities and communities are in their respective counties. County health varies as you compare them, and fifty miles can mean the difference between living to 55 and living to 80. In this study I am investigating what culture, ethnicity, and many other factors do in having a role on ones health. Comparing communities to each other, Minnesota’s average, and the United States average, will give us a look into just how healthy we are, and more importantly provide an explantation to why some regions of the state have a healthier community. All of the data used will be sourced from “http://www.countyhealthrankings.org" and Minnesota’s communities will be the main focal point of this research. This study will link factors and behaviors that contribute to overall health.
Details Shifting consumer preferences in the U.S. automobile industry from 2007-2017: A demand and supply analysis Rahil Pereira
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
CMU 216 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM The automobile industry produces approximately three percent of U.S. Gross Domestic Product and no other manufacturing sector generates as many domestic jobs (US Economic Contributions). The industry incorporates technologies that enhance the experiences of both drivers and passengers in functional and aesthetic ways. In an age characterized by self-driving vehicles, gas, electric and hybrid power options, stricter emission standards and rapidly changing consumer preferences, this research examines the automobile industry's transformation. Changes in this industry impact other sectors of the U.S. economy, global tariffs and relationships between nations. Using an industry analysis, this study considers how the actions of producers and consumers will not only impact market conditions, but industrial organization of the U.S. automobile industry.
Details Factors that leads to specific rates of diabetes in counties of Minnesota Jajai Hang
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM According to University of Minnesota’s Health Science research team, more than 25 million people in the US are living with diabetes. Diabetes occurs when insulin in the body stops producing itself causing unstableness in a person’s blood sugar level. Insulin is an important hormone secreted from cells in the pancreas, where it controls the breakdown of glucose from the bloodstream into body cells for energy. When the body stops creating insulin, this causes high levels of glucose in the blood which leads to diabetes. How does other factors in the environment of specific counties in Minnesota cause them to have high or low rates of diabetes? In order to answer this question, I will use a data table from County Health Rankings and Roadmaps that has rates of diabetes monitoring to see the counties with the highest to lowest rates and look at the other physical factors such as poor or fair health to see if that has any correlation to the counties rates of diabetes.
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of Dihydro and N1-alkyl-Dihydroantipyrine Analogs
Brent Schulte
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Antipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment. Antipyrine has an N1-methyl and a C4-C5 double bond. I will report on preparation of variants that replace the double with a single bond, and replace the N1-methyl group with larger and more hydrophobic substituents. I have developed a mild procedure to synthesize 5-methyl-2-phenylpyrazolidinone in high yield and purity. I will present a novel reductive methylation procedure for synthesizing dihydroantipyrine. I have also developed a procedure for introducing larger alkyl groups via use of aldehydes. Procedural details, NMR structural characterization, and the range of carbonyls screened will be presented. The resulting N1-alkyl pyrazolidinones will eventually be tested at Mayo Clinic to evaluate whether the C4-C5 double bond impacts drug performance. Some preliminary results may also be reported regarding attempted N1-acylation of 5-methyl-2-phenylpyrazolidinone, and N2-acylation of 1,5-dimethylpyrazolidinone.
Details Notification System (Website + Application) Kenan Gargovic
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM It's important for a small business to be able to contact all customers and clients at once to maximize time spent working on business operations. Applications with the ability to send mass SMS and EMAIL alerts can be costly while the API's they use are inexpensive and readily avaliable. I Intend to create a desktop application that allows a user to store contacts and send out mass alerts through SMS (via API) and E-Mail. The Application will be avaliable through a website that I will create.
Details Visually-mediated behavior changes due to removal of Emx2 gene in primary visual area Caitlyn Schaffer
Akira Shastri
Devante Delbrune
Olatomiwa Ajayi
Carly Hansen
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The neocortex, unique to all of Mammalia, is the largest portion of the brain and houses higher order association areas such as the primary sensory area. This area of the neocortex is responsible for integrating multiple types of sensory information such as taste, olfaction, touch, hearing, and vision. The primary visual area (V1) will be the main focus of this research. Transcription factor Emx2 has been found to play a crucial role in the development of V1, along with other primary areas, and the removal of this gene from the brain has been shown to result in a significant shift of these areas as well as a significant decrease in size of V1 (Hamasaki et al., 2004). To test for a change in visually-mediated behaviors in mice with Emx2 conditional knock out (cKO), the looming visual stimulus (Yilmaz & Meister, 2013) will be used. This behavioral paradigm has been used by other researchers to initiate a freeze or flight response from mice. Genetic and behavioral techniques will be used to analyze the data collected from this test. The findings of this research will help confirm whether there is a behavioral change associated with an anatomical change in V1. ReferencesHamasaki, T., Leingärtner, A., Ringstedt, T., & O’Leary, D. D. M. (2004). EMX2 Regulates Sizes and Positioning of the Primary Sensory and Motor Areas in Neocortex by Direct Specification of Cortical Progenitors. Neuron, 43(3), 359–372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2004.07.016Yilmaz, M., & Meister, M. (2013). Rapid Innate Defensive Responses of Mice to Looming Visual Stimuli. Current Biology, 23(20), 2011–2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.015
Details Using PHP and MySQL to Develop an Advising Tool Christopher Nichols
Oral Presentation Computer Science and Information Systems Department Kristofer Schlieper
Andrew Chen
CMU 214 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Using PHP web interface to access a MySQL database providing a tool for CS, CIS, and CIT advisors to use. This tool will allow advisors to track and plan out students’ courses throughout their time at MSUM.
Details Environmentally-induced hatching and its fitness consequences for zebrafish embryos Abby Kostiuk
Joanna Blum
Poster Biosciences Department Brian Wisenden
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Antipredator behavior is an important action that many organisms perform. The ability of embryos to perform antipredator behavior by detecting alarm cue has been tested in multiple studies, including one on fish, and several on frog tadpoles. In this study, we will be testing hatching rate of zebrafish embryos in response to three different test cues including, odor of weather loaches fed flake food, weather loaches fed zebrafish embryos, or blank water for a control cue. We will record the time to hatch. We will use a microscope camera to take images of hatchings and imageJ software to test for morphological differences in the larvae based on hatching time. We will also take video recordings to test for the effect of morphology on swimming performance. We predict that zebrafish embryos exposed to the odor of predators eating zebrafish embryos will hatch sooner to avoid the risk of being eaten themselves, but hatch at an earlier stage of development with poorer swimming performance than embryos that hatch later. There may be a trade-off between hatching early to avoid immediate predation and the ability to get food and avoid predators after hatching.
Details Predicting Future Effects on Minnesota Biodiversity Samantha North
Joanna Blum
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
Christopher Merkord
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The topic of climate change has been in the media for some time now, with the same dire consequences of using unsustainable resources stated over and over again. However it is difficult to predict exactly how rising carbon emissions will affect future generations 50 to 100 years from now. With this presentation we will be discussing our proposed method of predicting how climate change will affect the flora and fauna of Minnesota in the next 100 years using models. As of right now we are able to predict the rise of greenhouse gases and how they may affect variables such as surface temperature and precipitation. Models have frequently been used to create other models. If specific methods are followed, climate models could give an insight on the future biodiversity of Minnesota. These methods could give valuable insight to the effects climate change can have on floras, faunas, and us.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: The Accuracy of Skinfold Measurement Techniques In Predicting Minimum Competition Weight Grant Brendemuhl
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Jay Albrecht
Dawn Hammerschmidt
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Body composition and minimum competition weight are major areas of concern for anyone associated with the sport of wrestling. The underlying factor of this concern is safety – safety of each wrestler, regardless of age, sex, or race, as it pertains to their overall health with respect to maintaining a safe, appropriate body weight for competition. Determining a wrestler’s body weight prior to competition is considered a staple component in the sport of wrestling. A wrestler’s body weight determines which weight class he or she will qualify to compete. This CAT attempts to answer the question: Are current skinfold techniques capable of accurately predicting body composition and minimum competition weight of wrestlers? Research regarding this question investigated current skinfold techniques, their ability to accurately predict body composition, and ultimately, whether these body-composition techniques were valid methods for determining safe, minimum competition body weights for wrestlers. The current research shows discrepancies among skinfold models due to race, sex, body type, hydration status, and caliper placement. As a result, no conclusive suggestions regarding efficient, valid, and accurate anthropometry has been made for determining safe (and minimum) competition wrestling weight.
Details The Behavioral Effect of Removing Emx2 from Mice Brains Jacob Mehlhoff
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Emx2 is involved in mammalian brain development and how the cortex is arranged, and lack of it has been shown to decrease the size of the visionary area. This has been determined by mice studies involving mice with altered levels of Emx2 or none. I would like to find out the impact of removed Emx2 from mice brains on behavior. I will be using a data set provided by Dr. Stocker on Emx2 knockout mice, or mice without the transcription factor Emx2 being produced in their brain. I plan to compare the amount of time mice spend on the safe vs cliff side of the enclosure based on if they have normal or altered Emx2 levels by doing an exploratory data analysis using RStudio. I predict that because the knockout mice should have a smaller visual area, they will be more apt to stay on the safe side of the enclosure than regular mice.
Details The Emerging Role of the SLP in Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Autumn Muckenhirn
Poster Speech Language Hearing Sciences Nancy Paul
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease that has recently gained attention for its connection to concussions and mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). There are currently no available assessment procedures to definitively diagnosis CTE, however, there is consistent research over time that has documented symptoms, stages of severity and progression. Many CTE symptoms affect cognition, behavior, and personality, which negatively impact a person’s quality of life. A Speech Language Pathologist’s (SLP) scope of practice includes assessment and treatment of cognitive processes. This research aimed to review published studies and aided in understanding CTE as it becomes a more prominent clinical diagnosis, affecting cognitive processes all of which align within an SLP’s scope of practice to provide services.
Details Certain treatments are more helpful than others for type 2 diabetes India Nordby
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Type 2 diabetes is primarily a result from an unhealthy lifestyle and diet; however, it is treatable. I want to take a look at the different treatments to find out which is the most successful. For treating it, one could manage the factors that play a role in their lifestyle and diet. For example, they could control blood pressure, quit smoking, or eat a healthier diet to maintain an acceptable body weight. To answer this question, I will be using the Diabetes data gathered in Dr. Bee Wisenden’s lab. I will be comparing the different treatments and their success rate. Finding their success rates could benefit those with type 2 diabetes. The treatment with the higher success rate will be the most popular choice. For example, one might start out with the more successful treatment rather than guessing or picking and choosing.?
Details Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of N1-Alkyl-N2-Acyl Analogs Ali Hassan
Poster Chemistry Department Craig Jasperse
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Analogs of the Drug Antipyrine: Synthesis of N1-Alkyl-N2-Acyl Analogs Ali Hassan, Craig Jasperse Antipyrine, a 5-membered pyrazolone ring including two nitrogens and a carbonyl, has been identified as an early-stage drug candidate for treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). Our group is synthesizing analogs of antipyrine to better understand and optimize the spatial and polarity dimensions of the drug for improved IPF treatment. Antipyrine has an N1-methyl and N2-phenyl group. I will report on preparation of variants that replace those with larger and more hydrophilic groups. I have worked out a mild procedure to synthesize 5-methylpyrazolidinone in high yield and good purity. I will present a novel and variably effective process for adding aldehydes and some carbonyls to the N1-position. Procedural details, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance structural characterization, and the range of carbonyls screened will be presented. Preliminary results will also be reported regarding attempted N2-acylation of the products formed. A one-pot sequential N1-alkylation-N2-acylation process could enable rapid assembly of a diverse library of antipyrine analogs.
Details B-Band Stretch Method for SN 2011fe Jane Glanzer
Oral Presentation Physics and Astronomy Department Matthew Craig
CMU 218 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM SN 2011fe was a Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) that occurred in the galaxy M101 in 2011. SNe Ia act as good distance indicators because of their ability to be standardized, meaning that there is a distinct relationship between their light curve shape and brightness. One of the techniques used to standardize SNe Ia light curves is the stretch method. The stretch method works by fitting your supernovae light curves to a template light curve. The template has a time axis that will be linearly stretched/compressed around the time of peak brightness to try to match the observational data. From this, a stretch factor “s” can be translated to a distance measurement. This projects goal was to determine the stretch factor for SN 2011fe, and therefore the distance to M101.
Details Business Applications of Artificial Intelligence (Supply-chain and AI) Nimrah Sohail
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Vinod Lall
CMU 207 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM Artificial Intelligence is an emerging domain, it requires intensive research and implantation, specifically in the field of business, and to build a base for non-computer students to comprehend the basic characteristics and to use this knowledge in advancing how business is done, making it more efficient in terms of resource allocation and resource utilization. Technology began to boom rapidly after the industrial revolution. In fact, artificial intelligence is our next major technology revolution. It changes inherently how information is collected, stored and used. And just like any other revolution, due to these wholesome reasons, this project is valuable to me as a business major and to expand machine and AI expertise and pass down the knowledge gathered after doing research for this project to the enrolled students in Paseka College of Business and the College of Business and Innovation MSUM.
Details Human Face Detection Santosh Chapagain
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Face detection is the process of automatically locating human faces in visual media (digital images or videos). Face detection is the first step in face recognition. If you’ve used a camera recently, you might have seen face detection in action. Face detection is a very important feature of a camera that helps to focus all the faces before taking pictures. Similarly, Facebook has been using this feature for facial recognition for auto-tagging in photos. Face detection model can be build using the machine learning model. According to this model, a sliding window classifier looks at a small image and tell if it’s a face or not. Once, face is detected we record the location of the face and landmarks such as the eyes and nose can be searched. There are several algorithms for detecting face, but the most common algorithm is followings three: o Viola – Jones o Histogram of oriented gradients (HGO) o Convolutional neural network
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: The Effect of Physical Activity on Recovery from Concussion Chikara Hiraoka
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Jay Albrecht
Dawn Hammerschmidt
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Concussion is a common injury in sports. Until recently, concussion treatment recommendations encouraged cognitive and physical rest until the symptoms experienced following the concussive event were gone. Once concussion symptoms subsided, patients were then directed to return to play protocol. However, it has recently been reported that complete or strict rest for a long period of time following a concussive event is not as effective as once thought, and may even be responsible for the development of a condition identified as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Recently, and instead of strict rest, physical activity in the early stages of treatment has been suggested as the preferred concussion treatment. Thus, the purpose of this critical appraised topic (CAT) investigation was to review articles regarding the effect of physical activity as a remedy for concussion recovery and avoiding the development of a post-concussion syndrome condition. Two primary databases, PubMed and MEDLINE, were used to search for concussion-recovery evidence comparing differences between complete cognitive and physical rest with early-onset physical activity protocol. A literature investigation highlighted that mild- to moderate-intensity exercise improved symptoms, but did not restore balance ability and cognitive function. The Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) was found to be a useful method to determine what type of PCS a patient has and set the safe intensity of physical activity. In conclusion, prescribed exercise should be modified depending on what type of symptoms patients have, and should begin one to two days following a concussive event.
Details Cross Cultural Management and Organizational Behavior Emma Darkwa
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Peter Geib
CMU 216 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM Presenting on the cross-cultural management and organizational behaviour of African multinational corporations.
Details Vaccine Administration: Yellow Fever Cassandra Carlson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The Effects of Vaccine Administration on Outbreak Cases of Yellow Fever Cassie Carlson, Health and Medical Science major, February 25, 2019 Abstract With this research project, I will be discussing the annual relationship between yellow fever vaccinations and the outbreak cases of the disease. Yellow fever is a viral disease, transmitted by mosquitoes, that affects the liver and kidneys. Since it affects many countries, it is important to be educated on the importance of administering vaccines against yellow fever. I plan to show data from select countries in Africa and South America. The question I am proposing is how have outbreaks of yellow fever been affected by the administration of vaccines. I will be using a dataset of global yellow fever vaccination coverage (Shearer, et al. 2017). In addition to that, I will be creating my own dataset of case outbreaks consisting of data from the World Health Organization. I will be using exploratory data analysis to compare annual vaccination coverage rates and the number of yellow fever cases reported in that same year. The results of this data will aid on the importance of vaccinations, and possibly help make decisions on how to go about disease control.
Details The Autistic Mind: Thinking and Learning Kelli Tonn
Poster Speech/Language/Hearing Clinic Tina Veale
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Individuals with autism absorb and process information in ways that differ from neurotypical individuals. The purpose of this research is to evaluate what the literature says about how individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) think and learn. It will identify the areas in which the literature is conclusive and areas where further research is needed due to conflicting findings. Research points to a highly visual and associative manner of thinking and learning. It suggests deficits in memory and is unclear whether executive function is impaired in individuals with ASD. Sensory dysfunction is widespread in the ASD population, though little research examines its impact in the lives of people with ASD.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: Interpersonal Relationships and How They Affect Rate of Return-to-Play (RTP) Morgan Frey
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Jay Albrecht
Dawn Hammerschmidt
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM When a physical injury occurs to the human body, cognition, emotion, and behavior can be affected, and subsequently, impact the physical rehabilitation that must take place in order for an athlete to return-to-play (RTP). For years, athletic trainers have recognized the need for psychological intervention in the rehabilitation process, and as a result, the use of psychosocial strategy becomes more common as a part of the injury rehabilitation process/program for RTP. Of the many strategies utilized for injury rehabilitation processes or programming, establishing and implementing interpersonal relationships appears to one of them. An interpersonal relationship is a social association or connection between two or more people. This CAT investigation was completed to determine if interpersonal relationships influence rehabilitation and increase the rate of return to play. In a review of qualitative studies, findings showed that an interpersonal relationship between an athlete and their athletic trainer, teammates and coach during the rehabilitation process may impact the success of rehabilitation. More research studying interpersonal relationships will be beneficial to determine the effects on the rate of return to play.
Details Conservation Values as Observed in Costa Rican Culture Rachel Rusten
Clara Derby
Brittney Kakac
Nicole Stepan
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
Brian Wisenden
CMU 203 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM We will discuss the ways in which biological conservation practices and attitudes are represented in our observations of Costa Rican life. The Costa Rican government has adopted far-reaching, progressive conservation policies, and we will convey the ways in which these actions are or are not reflected in the values of the citizens. Our presentation will be based on our personal observations from a field studies trip from March 1st-11th, 2019 and will include examples from business practices, media representation, and the day-to-day habits of individuals. Additionally, we will propose how the conservation practices we observe can be implemented and promoted in the Fargo-Moorhead community. Biological conservation is a vast and nebulous issue that requires broad-based public policy to be successful; however, public policy is most successful when it indeed has the support of the public. That is why we believe it is critical to study this topic of individual actions to spark widespread change.
Details Diurnal Raptor Habitat Use During Migration Season Rachel Rusten
Brittney Kakac
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Raptors are under-examined during migration and little is known of their habitat use outside of breeding areas. Included in the list of poorly-studied raptors are Short-eared Owls (Asio flammeus), which select high quality grassland habitats and are considered grassland indicator species. Grasslands benefit from raptor presence too, as they lower the rodent population to promote diversity and functionality within the ecosystem. We will begin conducting driving surveys of Short-eared Owls and other diurnal raptors during migration season (starting late March) in various townships within Clay County, MN. With these observations, we will develop a model to explore the effect size of landscape variables on occupancy and abundance of species. Furthermore, we will predict species distribution across the landscape. The results of this project can be used by conservation practitioners to make decisions about habitat management.
Details Determining the relationship between grassland landscape characteristics and bird abundance Iveta Harner
Rachel Rusten
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM This project explores the relation between grassland bird species composition and abundance and grassland landscape characteristics. This will give us a clear image of the grassland ecosystem and will also show succession of herbaceous vegetation to woody vegetation, and show the overall health of grassland ecosystems, which is measured by the presence of high-quality grassland indicator species. In a broader sense this will help inform land managers’ decisions about how to manage sites in need of recovery from dense woody encroachment. Methods used to achieve these goals include aerial mapping of land cover and bird surveys of the Bluestem Prairie complex. The first was to conduct land bird surveys throughout the grassland and describe recent pattern of woody encroachment in a large grassland complex. Second, we plan to describe the relationship between woody vegetation cover and grassland indicator species. This internship is part of a larger research project exploring the use of grazing to maintain grasslands in western Minnesota.
Details Changes in Minnesota NDVI due to variations in precipitation Elizabeth Erber
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The recent changes in climate have made an impact on many important events on the planet including precipitation. In Minnesota, the average yearly precipitation has increased, and the effects of the precipitation can be expressed through a variety of aspects of the environment. One may be through the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) which shows the abundance of live green vegetation of the observed land. By assessing the changes in both the precipitation and NDVI, a correlation between the two could possibly be found. A random sample of state parks in Minnesota will be conducted and the NDVI with be calculated for each area using the Landsat data. As there is an increase in precipitation, there should be an increase in NDVI as well due to the increased availability of water for vegetation.
Details Isolating a Bacteriophage for Microbacterium foliorum Alexis Cory
Baylee Hedstrom
Poster Chemistry Department Sumali Pandey
Michelle Tigges
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Lexi Cory Baylee Hedstrom Title: Isolating a Bacteriophage for Microbacterium foliorum With the rise in antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, there is an increase in number of people who are left without options for treatment because the bacteria that has infected their bodies is resistant to all available antibiotics. There is an alternative treatment to antibiotic-resistant bacteria and that is the bacteriophage. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect a bacterial host in order to replicate. The bacteriophage replicates by taking over the bacteria’s cellular processes. In hopes of finding a bacteriophage for Microbacterium foliorum, we took an environmental soil sample. Using direct-isolation technique, we were successful in isolating a bacteriophage, purify it and create a high titer lysate. We imaged our bacteriophage using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), and found that we copurified two bacteriophages. They had a morphology of podoviridae and siphoviridae. Bacteriophages can be used in replacement of antibiotics. With the rise of antibiotic resistant bacteria, we need to have an alternative treatment plan for bacteria that become resistant to antibiotics and phage therapy is the solution to the problem. With our discovery of a phage, we can one day treat someone who has an antibiotic resistant disease.
Details More Ways to Multiply Mariah Hendrickson
Mark Peterson
Kenadee Solmonson
Ayrika Zitzmann
Oral Presentation School of Teaching and Learning Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM More Ways to Multiply This presentation focuses on the lattice multiplication algorithm and the partial-products multiplication algorithm. These are two additional strategies that children can use to help them compute multi-digit multiplication problems to find the product more easily. As teachers, it is important to teach children different ways that they can compute multiplication problems because every student learns differently. Showing students different ways that they can solve a multiplication problem also builds their conceptual understanding because it shows them that there is more than one way to solve the same problem. The partial-products multiplication algorithm is another form of the expanded algorithm. This is where the individual products produced within the multiplication problem are recorded on separate lines, and then they are summed. The lattice multiplication algorithm is an algorithm that many people are not familiar with; it is a very old approach used to solve multiplication problems. The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate how to multiply two multi-digit numbers using partial-products and lattice methods.
Details AI Using Python In Relation To Gaming James Fullah
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM AI is the future of application development and also an important concept. Implementing the AI concept in a simple yet Robust Programming language like python allows for a wide range of capabalities.
Details Sedimentological Interpretations of Landscape Development in the Buffalo River Valley: MSUM Regional Science Center in West-Central Minnesota David Ahumada
Dominic Mugavero
Chris Perna
Karissa Beierle
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Karl Leonard
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM An ongoing collaborative archaeological and geological study between MSUM, UW-Eau Claire, and NDSU focuses on landscape reconstruction at the MSUM Regional Science Center (“RSC”), 13 miles east of Moorhead, MN. Analysis thus far has included pit excavations, stratigraphic descriptions, examination of sediment cores, and sieving analysis. The study area sits in the valley margin of a glacio/deltaic complex developed on the eastern margin of glacial Lake Agassiz and west of the Norcross Shoreline. Modern soils have developed on aeolian sheet sands. Underlying fluvial gravels, and offshore bar deposits have played a significant role in the landscape and environmental changes. Buried and partially developed soil horizons have been identified. Proximity of gravel shielded bar forms appear to have acted as a baffle allowing thicker aeolian sands to accumulate proximate to these, preferentially preserving buried horizons. OSL and 14C dates are being analyzed to build a chronology for correlation of buried horizons. Buried soil horizons are indicative of stable surfaces. These surfaces are of particular interest as potential locations for recovery of bone, artifacts and features. Understanding the processes of how these horizons get preserved has the potential to improve archeological site selection.
Details Factors like body index mass and daily physical activities have a role in one developing diabetes mellitus. Ritu Pandey
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM I will use the body mass index and total time spent participating in moderate physical activity affecting the diabetes mellitus. I will use data from the Korean Multicenter Cancer Cohort study published by Dyrad (2017) which was designed to investigate the relationship between exposures to environmental factors, lifestyle factors, and the risk of Diabetes mellitus in Korea. A total of 20,636 participants (8,235 men and 12,401 women) were recruited from six geographic areas of Korea from 1993 to 2005. Past studies have found that diabetes mellitus if affected by several factors and my project will seek to confirm that pattern observed in other studies.
Details The Journey of Children to America Katherine Marshall
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 207 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM This research is on the saga of the Marshall Family, specifically the journey to America for children. My great grandmother came to America from Denmark in 1894 at the age of 9 years old. Making the way to America was challenging for adults, but what were the struggles for the children who came with their parents?
Details Phage Genome Extraction and Sequencing Anna Madsen
Jacob Mehlhoff
Jenna Wegscheid
Bailey Dominick
Poster Chemistry Department Sumali Pandey
Michelle Tigges
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM A bacteriophage, or phage, is a virus that infects bacterial hosts. Phage research has been growing over the years as phages have become increasingly popular in fighting bacterial infections. Their genomes are highly variable in due to of rapid mutation and coevolution with bacteria. We hypothesize that phages found in a similar environment will have relatively similar genomes, and thus be classified into the same cluster. To do this experiment, we will extract the phage DNA, sequence the genomes using the Nanopore minION system, and use computer programs to classify the phages into clusters. Then, we will compare the results to see the similarities and differences between the previously isolated MSUM phages and sequenced phages from around the United States using online databases. The classifications of the sequenced phages will be presented. This project is of interest because it investigates the genomic variability of phages that have been isolated from the same environment. Genomic variability is what makes phages appealing for lab applications and medical treatments, because it can mutate alongside bacteria and so can be used to treat antibiotic resistant infections and diseases.
Details German-Russian Immigration to North Dakota in the Early 1900's Emma Viken
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 207 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM This report is based on family ancestry and immigration; it will be covering the maternal side of the family, Zimmerman, who were German Russian. They migrated from Germany to Russia and eventually the United States. They came through Ellis Island in 1910. North Dakota offered abundant and cheap land through the Homestead Act. This research examines their immigration and settlement experience, along with challenges of being a farmer of the time period.
Details Sauk Place Names in Minnesota Emma Graves
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Erik Gooding
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This poster examines a series of place names in central Minnesota relating to the Sauk Nation. The Sauk people did not live in the state of Minnesota, yet there are several towns (Sauk Centre and Sauk Rapids), a lake (Sauk Lake), and a river (Sauk River), as well as various businesses with “Sauk” in their name. This poster examines how and why these various features came to be by drawing upon information from “western history” and “native history” (both Sauk and Ojibwe) derived through archival research.
Details Journey to America Beau Driscoll
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM Journey to America The report I am conducting is on the maternal side of my family. They came over to America in 1642 from Prussia, which is now Germany. Germany invaded Prussia and young children were being conscripted into the army, my family left Prussia for this reason. They then moved to America, where they received land in Leola, South Dakota, and also Aberdeen, South Dakota through the Homestead Act. Ill also look into where and when they moved, and what their lives were like. After that my research will look into why, when, and where they moved to the Midwest, and what they did to make a living.
Details Anthropology and Biology and Their Complimentary Roles in Understanding Humanity Liberty Weiss
Kassandra Sofferman
Sylvia Sandstrom
Melissa Foley
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Erik Gooding
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This poster examines the complementary roles of Anthropology and Biology for the understanding of humanity. It explores a series of topics such as the role of grandmother’s in the family nurturing process, the role of protein in gender relations, polyandry (a woman with multiple husbands), Neanderthal-human hybrids, human brain evolution, and human genetic variation. Each of these topics is explored in relation to the contributions that both Anthropology and Biology have to the topic, and discusses the complimentary nature of these disciplines in creating a deeper understanding of humanity.
Details Family Ancestry Austin Thune
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM The United States has thousands of stories of people all across the globe coming here for opportunity, sanctuary, hope, and more. My family’s story starts in Norway in the late 1870’s in the middle of Norway’s potato famine. During this time in the Americas the Civil War was nearing a close and one of the biggest problems facing the country was the utter demolition of agriculture over the span of many battles, which bread opportunity. So my family seized that opportunity and came over to the U.S. in hopes of becoming potato farmers once again but now in this lush land of opportunity in Montana. The bulk of my story will be from personal accounts from my aunt Barbara Thune and her life growing up in South Dakota and the story of her father Gordon Thune and mother Elsa Marie Thune. My research will focus on the early records of my families transition from Norway to the United States, what life was like for women in that time period, and the different occupations my family has had in their time in the United States.
Details Norwegian Communities Wyatt Demarais
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM Ancestors Coming to America This research is based on my family coming to America from Norway in 1867. My ancestors the Axvigs left Norway due to famine in 1866 and little opportunity for financial growth. My ancestors decided to make way to America in hopes of gaining new opportunities and land. The Axvig family would settle into the state of North Dakota and acquire land in a small community with other Norweigns. My family would in remain in North Dakota for many years and take up farming as an occupation. Based on my family's immigration into the United States, for my presentation I would like to discuss the Norwegian communities in the United States specifically in Minnesota. I will go in depths on what daily life was, culture, influences, and assimilation into American culture.
Details The Effect of Chlorine on the Chemical Activity of Nickel in Silica Melt Aakash B C
Tripti Sharma
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Russell Colson
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM We designed a set of experiment to look at the effect of chlorine on the chemical activity of nickel in silica melt. This experiment is important because it allows us to predict and model changes in magma that takes place in planetary interiors, an important step in understanding planetary evolution. We chose to examine melts of diopsidic composition (CaMgSi2O6) but substituting Cl for some of the oxygen. The composition was prepared by combining reagent-grade oxide or chlorides as appropriate and grinding in an agate mortar and pestle under alcohol to mix. Although our first objective was to determine the effect of Cl on Nio chemical activity, our first observation was that Cl was rapidly lost from the experiments. The rate of loss of Chlorine depends on time as well as on the size of the surface area of bead. The log of concentration of Cl decreases linearly with the time, falling below detection limits in less than 90 minutes. We also observed that the experiments with the higher surface area compared to volume (that experiment with smaller beads), lose Chlorine faster. To overcome the problem of Cl loss, we have examined the diffusion profile of Ni into the Pt wire that holds the experimental sample. We think this diffusion profile records information from early in the experiment, before Cl was lost. This might give us way to infer how Cl affect Nio activity despite the rapid evaporation of Chlorine.
Details Analysis of early area patterning regulation by Emx2 utilized by an improved Foxg1-IRES-Cre driving mouse line.? Babylon Alrobaei
Malique Delbrune
Neeju Singh
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Emx2 is a homeobox transcription factor. Its critical for the development of the central nervous system. It is expressed early in the embryonic brain, and it plays a role in the developmental process area patterning. From previous research, it has been found that when Emx2 is deleted from the brain using Emx1-IRES-Cre, there will be changes to the sizes of the sensory areas. The Emx1-IRES-Cre mouse line has been used repeatedly in developmental biology as a tool to genetically delete a gene of interest from the telencephalon. This Cre driving mouse line is used because deletion is restricted to the developing neurons in the telencephalon. This Cre driving line provided the earliest possible telencephalic deletion. Recently a new Cre line has been developed called the Foxg1-IRES-Cre line. This Cre line provides us with a way to remove a gene of interest from the developing telencephalon one day earlier than we can with Emx1-IRES-Cre. The goal of this project is to examine whether there are differences in area patterning when we delete Emx2 one day earlier in development (approximately embryonic day 10) using Foxg1-IRES-Cre line and comparing that with the deletion of Emx1-IRES-Cre (approximately embryonic day 11). By comparing the results, we can determine if Emx2 regulates area patterning early or late in its expression window. If it is early, then we expect to see a more significant effect with the Foxg1-IRES-Cre line. If the activity is late, then the changes observed for Foxg1-IRES-Cre and Emx1-IRES-Cre mouse lines will be the same.
Details 5 Most Common Turtle Species Globally & the Counties They Are Most Prevalent In Syreeta Shigematsu
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Turtles are among one of the oldest groups of reptiles that date back millions of years. There are over 300 species of turtles that reside in varying climates and environments all around the world. I will investigate which five turtle species are most commonly found globally and in which countries they are most prevalent. In an effort to find an answer to my question, I will be utilizing the data found in GBIF [Global Biodiversity Information Facility] for turtle occurrences filtered by machine and human observations. I plan to perform an exploratory data analysis of turtle occurrences in order to compare the ‘scientific name’ and ‘country or area’ variables in the data set. With my anticipated results, researchers and other turtle scientists may be able to also utilize this information to help compare to future observations of turtle occurrences and determine if they have increased or decreased in numbers in specific countries globally.
Details Changes in Minnesota Flora and Fauna in Response to Climate Change Anneliese Johnson
Andie Wood
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Most climate models agree that over the next century the midwestern region of the United States will see radical escalation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. These changes will likely lead to increases in surface air temperature, extreme weather events, and changes in precipitation. The implications for Minnesotan flora and fauna could include variation in the duration and extremity of seasons and a higher potential for flooding. Flora will likely shift toward species with higher degrees of phenotypic plasticity that can survive the inclement climate changes. Species that grow quickly and can tolerate the inconsistent water scarcity or abundance will likely acclimate more smoothly. Fauna may adapt through behavior, but likely will shift toward selection of genetic traits that better suit their new environment. Aquatic wildlife is predicted to follow several patterns— such as a decrease in cold-water fish due to warmer ambient temperatures and increased acidification. Stream species such as trout will likely be endangered by flooding events and suffer population declines. Overall, the aquatic and terrestrial profiles of the Minnesotan biomes will change drastically in the coming decades as a result of global climate change.
Details A look at Setaria viridis PDRP knock-outs and its effect on PPDK enzyme activity Ashley Rezachek
Jenna Wegscheid
Poster Biosciences Department Chris Chastain
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Pyruvate phosphate dikinase regulatory protein (PDRP) regulates the C4 photosynthesis enzyme pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK) in C4 plants such as Zea mays (maize), in response to light. PDRP confers light regulation on PPDK by phosphorylating or dephosphorylating the PPDK. In the dark PDRP phosphorylates the PPDK making the enzyme inactive. In the light, the PPDK is turned active again when the PDRP removes the phosphate. Our research concerns PDRP knock-out mutants of the C4 model plant S. viridis (foxtail) engineered to completely lack PDRP. We will be testing three PDRP knock-out lines designated 27, 28 and 29. Our project will be able to clarify PDRP’s role in C4 photosynthesis. Our specific research goal is to see what happens to the PPDK enzyme in leaves if it is not able to be light-regulated by PDRP. In the absence of PDRP, it is predicted that the PDRP-knockouts will have the same PPDK enzyme rate irrespective of light or dark. In contrast, the wild-type, with PDRP present in the leaves, will typically have high rates of PPDK activity in the light and almost no PPDK activity in dark-adapted leaves. Our approach is to run biochemical assays to analyze PPDK enzyme activity extracted from leaves of wild-type and PDRP-knock-out lines that have been exposed to light or adapted to dark. The PPDK enzyme assays will be carried out using a spectrophotometer-based method that also incorporates the Bradford protein assay. The latter assay will allow comparison of specific-enzyme activities between light and dark adapted leaves for the three knockout lines and the wild type.
Details The Effect of Heightened Concentrations of Emx2 on DNA Methyltransferases Jacob Mehlhoff
Charles Wisenden
Poster Biosciences Department Sumali Pandey
Adam Stocker
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM We plan to carry out an experiment using mice to better understand mammalian brain development and DNA methylation. We will examine the effects of the transcription factor Emx2 on mammalian brain development by analyzing the effect of excess Emx2 on a few specific genes: DNA methyltransferase 1, DNA methyltransferase 3a and DNA methyltransferase 3b. These genes are involved in regulating DNA methylation, which has been linked to cancer. The effect of Emx2 on these genes are unknown, so this experiment should help to clarify the relationship. What we would like to do is to find the link connecting Emx2 and DNA methylation. We would do this by using a process called qPCR to analyze these 3 specific genes in mice with increased Emx2 concentrations in their brains and comparing them to their wild type, or normal mice counterparts. The research proposed is relevant, as it will help us better understand mammalian brain development by isolating the effect of Emx2 and seeing the effect on methylation control. We expect this to lead to advancements in understanding cancer and any other issues associated methylation. We hypothesize that increased Emx2 concentrations will cause a decrease in DNA methylation. This could help lead us to more substantial uses of Emx2.
Details Missing Digits for Addition Taylor Beynon
Hailey Blazinski-Cuhel
Lexie Wallace
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Addition and subtraction algorithms are increasingly important skills for children to learn early in their education, and there are more methods of adding and subtracting in elementary schools today than when many preservice teachers were elementary school students. It is important that teachers know the various algorithms and develop interesting, engaging activities for students to develop and hone the concept of addition and subtraction. We will describe an activity where students will use their estimation skills to determine the numbers in addition problems. This activity promotes students’ critical thinking skills and develops the cognitive process of estimation. It incorporates teamwork and communication while allowing students to exercise their knowledge of estimation. This is a fun activity that is similar to Wheel of Fortune, and creates an outlet for friendly competition while at the same time teaching students valuable math skills.
Details UGA Costa Rica Campus Victoria Heinecke
Morgan Parks
Grace Steiner
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
CMU 203 9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Have you ever wondered how much we waste on campus and as a whole compared to other countries? We are going to be covering how the campus UGA in Costa Rica in cooperates conservation in their day to day life. First, we will explain what conservation is and the different ways they use it. We plan to talk about the different compost programs they offer. How they use solar water heaters. The way they use biodigester to treat their water. Along with their farm that is located right on campus. Along with explaining what they are we will also be talking about how it has affected the community and the benefits from it. We plan to take many pictures of the different things the campus UGA does to help with conservation; throughout our own personal experience while we are there.
Details A Study of Women in the Workforce Kara Schlepp
Poster Paseka School of Business Jane Pettinger
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM The struggle for gender equality for women in the workplace is well known, and has a long history of successes and failures. However, it can be noticed that in recent history there has been an outbreak of activism to promote workplace equality for all genders. Data will be gathered from two companies in two different industries that have in the past been majorly men’s jobs: the technology and automotive industries. By surveying individuals employed in these two particularly male-dominated industries, this study will explore the possibility of gender inequality finally being extinguished, and observe how the demographics of the technological and automotive businesses have evolved in recent history.
Details Isolation of bacteriophage through infection of Cryobacteria Anna Madsen
Kelsey Leach
Poster Chemistry Department Michelle Tigges
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Phages are the most abundant biological entity on the planet, yet little is known about their diversity. In particular, limited information exists on phage infection of psychrophilic, or cold adapted, bacteria. This experiment investigated the ability to isolate a phage that could infect a Cryobacterium species from Antarctica, in order to determine which characteristics may vary between phages that infect extremophilic and mesophilic hosts. The purpose of this experiment was to create a procedure to allow the isolation of bacteriophages using a Cryobacteria host, and to isolate a phage from the environment to infect the Cryobacteria. Several methods for creating bacterial lawns were tested to determine which method would yield a bacterial lawn capable of viewing phage infection at 4°C. Then a range of concentrations of bacteria were plated to determine which concentration yielded a visible lawn. Once a method for creating a bacterial lawn was determined, soil and water samples were collected from the environment, filtered, and plated in several dilutions. Resulting plaques were picked and purified, and will be amplified to create a high titer lysate for DNA extraction. We were able to create a procedure for isolating a phage using the Cryobacteria, and were able to isolate a phage from the environment to infect it. We will continue to amplify the phage until a high titer is reached and DNA extraction can be done. This project will provide insight into the diversity of phages and how characteristics vary in phages isolated from different environments and hosts.
Details Isolation of bacteriophage Etta Anna Madsen
Poster Chemistry Department Sumali Pandey
Michelle Tigges
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Bacteriophages, or phages, are viruses that infect bacteria. Phages are highly specific and extremely variable. The purpose for this experiment was to isolate a bacteriophage capable of infecting the host Microbacterium foliorum. This project is of interest because investigation into the variability of phages aides in the research of phage therapy to fight antibiotic resistant bacterial infections and diseases. This experiment investigated the ability to isolate a phage capable of infecting Microbacterium foliorum from the local environment. Soil samples were collected from the environment, filtered, and plated in a range of dilutions. Resulting plaques were picked and purified using serial dilutions, and the titer of the lysate was calculated. The lysate was amplified to a titer of 6.3x109, and then the DNA was extracted. A gel electrophoresis was run to determine the purity of the sample and to compare the DNA to that of other phages. This project contributed to the field of phage research because it adds information on the variability of phages that is essential to the field.
Details Small mammal recolonization of a restored prairie in Clay County, Minnesota: possible effects of neighboring habitats Dominic Carr
Dylan Leach
Breanna Huynh
Evan Carlson
Poster Biosciences Department Donna Stockrahm
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Minnesota State University Moorhead (MSUM) was awarded a grant from the “Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund” to restore old farmland, called the “Houston Property” (HP) owned by the MSUM Regional Science Center (RSC), near Glyndon, MN, and an adjoining former golf course (GC) back to native tallgrass prairie habitat. One main objective of the grant was to live-trap small mammals to determine species composition, abundances, habitat use, and behaviors before, during, and after restoration. Live-trapping was conducted during the summers of 2015-2018. HP restoration began in summer 2016 when herbicide was applied and a prairie seed mix planted. This poster will examine 2018 HP data and examine possible effects of neighboring habitats on recolonization by small mammals. In 2018, HP had 4 trapping transects running roughly east-west. Transect 1 ran along the ecotone edge where the restored prairie met woodland, with Transect 2 running about 50m south of Transect 1. Transects 3 and 4 were roughly parallel but considerably further south with Transect 4 running along another edge of grassy/brushy habitat. Transects 1 and 2 had higher species diversity (Transect 1 = 6, Transect 2=3), but fewer overall captures, while both Transects 3 and 4 had lower species diversity (n=2), but higher number of captures, especially of Peromyscus spp. As expected, Transect 1 (ecotone), had the highest diversity of all. Both north and south areas adjacent to the restoration probably served as refugia during the restoration and as sources of animals for later recolonization of the restored area.
Details Confessionalist Poetry: Understanding Strength Through Words William Lewandowski
Oral Presentation English Department Kevin Zepper
CMU 216 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM As culture expands and changes, so does the evolution of writing. As American Literature solidified its identity, a wave of new poetry grew the importance of self, self-expression, freedom of censorship, and the ability to write about any topic that one may wish to pursue. The confessional poets of the 1950s and 60s developed a new realm of authorship. From Sylvia Plath and Anne Sexton to Robert Lowell and W. D. Snodgrass, these poets opened themselves up to allow for a new era of writing that would change the idea of self-expression through writing and literature forever. Their ability to morph their craft and introduce topics no one else dared to discuss paved the way for poets and authors to expand the ever-growing field of literature by eliminating the censorship of “taboo” or difficult conversations.
Details Duration of behavioral and physiological responses to alarm cues in zebrafish: predator vigilance and anxiety in humans Philip Larson
Poster Biosciences Department Brian Wisenden
Shawn Garrett
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM The ability to detect and respond to chemical cues in aquatic environments allows aquatic animals to find food or mates and to avoid predation. Zebrafish Danio rerio, are a common model organism for the study of chemical alarm cues because previous studies have shown that zebrafish exposed to conspecific alarm cues have elevated cortisol levels immediately following exposure, and zebrafish have the same biochemistry of cortisol as humans do. This study will follow up that research by focusing on how long cortisol levels remain elevated after a stress event. In lab environments behavioral responses to alarm cue typically cease after about 5 min. We hypothesize that cortisol levels stay elevated after behavior responses are subdued resulting in fish that are “primed” and ready to react quickly to subsequent threats. We will test this by exposing individual fish to alarm cue and then testing for cortisol levels at various time periods over the course of an hour. If our research shows that cortisol levels stay elevated past behavioral response we plan to extend our research to determine if behavioral response times are improved by the heightened cortisol levels. This study has the potential to lead to implications that could eventually help with the study of anxiety and PTSD in humans.
Details Raspberry Pi Weather Station Casey Vargo
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The purpose of this project is to demonstrate how data is passed from the back end of a system to the front end via an intermediary system called an Application Programming Interface, or API. We start with the Raspberry Pi, built and developed by Ryan Anderson, which collects and stores weather data, such as temperature, humidity, and air pressure. The data is stored in a light weight SQLite database. Next, a JavaScript Restful API, developed my myself, is used to query data from the database and make it available to a front-end application via web requests. Finally, a mobile application, developed by Kyle Dahn, is used to display the data requested from the API.
Details The marriage premium: Where does it exist and for whom? Nicole Kurtti
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
CMU 214 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM The "marriage premium" defines a labor market phenomenon in which men or women earn higher wages than other men or women in similar careers who are unmarried. This study reviews economic literature, with additional contributions from the psychology and sociology disciplines, to determine the existence of the marriage premium and its influence in labor markets from the early 1970s to present. By pairing a descriptive analysis of the marriage premium by region with a discussion of labor market history over time, this research finds that gender, marital status, industry, and location affect the magnitude of the marriage premium detected for men and women.
Details Marine Tide-pool management System Joshua DeNio
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Steve Lindaas
Brian Wisenden
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM The Tide-pool management system will control water flow between two large marine tanks replicating tide cycles. The main control unit will consist of an Arduino board linked to a Raspberry Pi for data collection and retrieval. The Tide-pool management system will use two water pumps to move water throught the system and the flow will be directed and controled with the use of solenoid valves. The system will be designed to replicate natural tide cycles with High tide occurring every 12 hours and 25 minutes and a six hour and 12.5 minute intraval between high and low tides. The excess water flow will be used to replicate wave action and improve tank circulation. Water circulation is critical for the health and well being of marine invertebrates because many of them depend on water flow to bring them food. Currently, the Marine Ecology lab is relying on manual methods to circulate water from one tank to the other; this is both labor intensive and time consuming. Automating this system will increase the regularity of water cycles and decrease the workload of lab staff.
Details Marine Tide-pool Management Project Heecheon Park
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
Steve Lindaas
Brian Wisenden
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This project focused on systemizing the current water-tide pool set up in the marine lab. The marine lab is currently facillitating two tanks in which the water needs to circulate between them based on the water level of each tank. As of now, a professor in charge of the lab manually transfer water between tanks and this project has its goal to automate his manual work. Ultrasonic sensors are attached to each tank to detect the water level and send signal to Arduino. Arduino, the main controller, will exectue the program to regulate water level using the solenoid and send logs to Raspberry Pi. By doing so, this system will enhance the efficiency and productivity of managing the water pool as it can remove the necessity of manual transfer of water.
Details Global Warming and its effects on snow cover Nicholas Wilm
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Over the past decade or two moose have slowly been disappearing from the Minnesota wild for unknown reasons. The reason for their decline could be due to global warming effects. Snow cover has a direct effect on temperature, less snow covering the ground means an increase in the temperature because bare ground absorbs more solar radiation than snow-covered ground. I will be analyzing this data set in hopes of answering my question is there a reduction of snow cover over the last decade in the state of Minnesota? To answer my question, I will use a MODIS dataset from NASA’s database containing daily snow cover and snow accumulation at 1 km resolution for Minnesota. Using exploratory data analysis, I will separate and compare the amount of snow cover and accumulation during the winter months of 2000-2018. From the different variables, I should be able to determine if there was a decline in Minnesota snow cover over the past 18 years. From the results gathered you might infer that there was a decline in snow cover and in contrast, the temp in the winter has increased causing the moose populations to migrate farther north into colder areas.
Details How does race and ethnicity impact teen birth rates ages 15-19? Marissa Thompson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM I will discuss the birth rates depending on the race and ethnicity of teens ages fifteen through nineteen. The system I will be using is to look at race and ethnicity and compare it with teen birth rates while focusing primarily on ages fifteen through nineteen. I found and will be using the data sets from National Kids Count. My question is, does race and ethnicity show a bigger impact in teen birth rates ages fifteen through nineteen in Minnesota, or in the whole U.S.? I will be using exploratory data analysis comparing race and ethnicity with birth rates of teens in Minnesota and the U.S. My conclusion is that race and ethnicity play a bigger part in the whole U.S. than in just Minnesota.
Details Painted turtle size and rates of recapture Lahren Sandford

Madison Fladeland
Poster Biosciences Department Donna Stockrahm
Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM In our long-term study (2001-2018), over 1,000 western painted turtles (Chrysemys picta bellii) have been live-trapped with floating/basking traps in Clay County, Minnesota, to study population characteristics and behaviors. Captured turtles were weighed, sexed, measured, notched, and, starting in 2006, PIT-tagged if large enough. All turtles were released at a fixed point on the shoreline of the slough where captured. We are currently trapping 3 sloughs with <1 km between the 2 most distant sloughs. In 2015, a new style of wooden trap (instead of PVC pipe) was created that had slanted sides, making it more difficult for turtles to climb out. For this poster, we are using data from 2015-2018 to address the question if increasing body size increases a turtle’s chance of being caught in a future year, giving us an estimate of survival. We only used turtles with PIT tags and >/=10.1 cm in carapace length, and our sample size was just over 300 turtles. Size classes used were 10.1-13.0cm, 13.1-16.0cm, 16.1-19.0, and >19cm. The general trend for both male and female turtles was that the animals in the larger size classes had a greater chance of being captured in a future year than the smaller size classes. Although our results give us an estimate of survival based on size, we cannot rule out the confounding factor of possible variation in trappability with size class. A separate study is looking at trappability.
Details Polish Immigration-Why Minnesota? Slade Kangas
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM My third great-grandfather, Anton Dulski, left Poland March 11, 1875. He traveled from Hamburg, Germany, journey by ship, to Ellis Island in New York. From there, he settled in Central Minnesota where my family is currently today. This research will focus on Poland in the 1870s focusing on what was going on in Poland at the time causing its citizens to leave and search for a better life. Another focus will be on settlement experiences in the United States including why Anton chose Central Minnesota, and what it was like to be a Polish immigrant in America at the time.
Details Prescribed burn effects on plant species richness and biomass in a restored tallgrass prairie Breanna Huynh
Amina Kovacevic
Patrice Delaney
Asami Minei
Oral Presentation Biosciences Department Alison Wallace
David Kramar
CMU 208 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Fires are significant ecological events that have a strong impacts on the diversity of plant communities, soil properties and biomass. They influence vegetation structure and successional pattern and can affect various aspects of plants’ growth and development including flowering, seed dispersal, germination, and mortality. In tallgrass prairie ecosystems, species diversity response to fires vary depending on the amount and distribution of precipitation, air temperature, soil type, previous history of grazing and fire, presence of invasive plants, and current management. Season and stage of growth also contributes to variation among plant species. Plants are more susceptible to the effects of fires during their active growing stage. We estimated plant species richness in a prairie ecosystem before and after a prescribed burn that took place in a section of restored prairie at the MSUM Science Center. A small area of the burn is a study site belonging to the Nutrient Network (NutNet), a global research effort that focuses on better understanding grassland responses to environmental changes. After counting the presence of plant species in late May and then again after the burn in mid-June, we found that species richness did not decrease. In many plots it increased slightly, although the caveat must be mentioned that more plant species become prominent as the growing season progresses. Further analysis of effects of fertilizer treatments on changes in species richness will be shared. Preliminary results of a quantitative method to estimate plant biomass non-destructively using drone aerial imagery and GIS techniques will also be shown. Plans to incorporate these methods into future research projects involving the NutNet plots will be discussed.
Details Reactions to Ratios Breanna Sittig
Emily Thedens
Alexis Skoglund
Oral Presentation School of Teaching and Learning Carol Okigbo
CMU Ballroom A 2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Studies have shown that often times, students are confused by the different concepts of ratios. They are particularly confused by the different meanings and interpretations of ratios. The purpose of this presentation is to address the different meanings, uses, and interpretations of ratios to help eliminate any confusions. This presentation entitled “Reactions to Ratios” shows how to incorporate manipulatives in the teaching and learning of ratios. Among the meanings and interpretations of ratios addressed in this presentation are part to part, part to whole, quotients, and rates. Believe it or not, ratios connect to many mathematical concepts. For example, ratios connect to algebra, fractions, geometry, and probability. This presentation will help to minimize misconceptions associated with ratios.
Details Fluctuations in numbers of juvenile western painted turtles (Chrysemys picta bellii) from 2015-2018 based on trapping records in Clay County, Minnesota Emily Larsen
Nicole Stepan
Poster Biosciences Department Donna Stockrahm
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM This is an ongoing study that began in 2001 and focuses on the western painted turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii) in Clay County, Minnesota. Live traps were used to capture turtles from three separate sloughs as they bask in the sun for thermoregulation near Rollag, Minnesota. Once a turtle was captured, measurements were collected on weight, carapace length/width/curvature, and sex. To identify if a captured turtle was a recapture or not, we used various methods of identification, including PIT-tagging and notching in adults and painting the carapace of small turtles with nail polish. Our poster objective is to focus on juvenile turtles with a carapace length of less than 10 cm. We plan to compare the numbers and locations of juvenile turtles captured within each of the 3 sloughs between 2015-2018 and what might be causing any differences. We also plan to determine how many PIT-tagged adult females occurred in each slough and the potential relationship they might have with the number of juvenile captured in each slough.
Details A Critically Appraised Topic: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Post-Concussion Syndrome Morgan Anderson
Poster Health and Physical Education Department Dawn Hammerschmidt
Jay Albrecht
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) effectively treats decompression sickness from scuba diving, improves slow healing wounds in diabetic patients and improves healing conditions with other serious infections. Recently, the use of HBOT has been studied and tested to treat post-concussion syndrome (PCS) in patients after suffering a brain injury. Using the format of a critically appraised topic (CAT) that includes a PICO question, the present review of HBOT examines the use of hyperbaric oxygen on those who have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Searches were conducted using electronic databases – CINAHL Plus with Full Text, PsychINFO, MEDLINE Plus, Pub Med, and EBSCO MegaFILE – key words included “Hyperbaric oxygen therapy” “mild traumatic brain injury” and “acute concussion”. A total of four peer-reviewed, scholarly articles were selected for final analysis. Three of the four articles reviewed supported the use for HBOT in patients experiencing PCS after sustaining a brain injury. The fourth article stated that there were no significant changes between the treatment and sham groups to deem this type of treatment effective for PCS. Currently there are no effective treatments for patients who suffer from post-concussion syndrome; however, through research HBOT has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment to decrease symptoms of PCS and increase quality of life in individuals who sustain brain injuries.?
Details Perceived Sexual Aggression and Platonic Touch in Men Salina Alameda
Monica Vega
Poster Psychology Department Sarah Edwards
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM The purpose of this study is to identify men’s need of platonic and sexual touch, and to determine its availability to men, and how it influences their relationship with women. By using the Touch Avoidance Scale, Gender Role Conflict Scale, HTWS, (Hostile towards Women Scale), Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, we will be able to assess their perception of women, their idea of gender roles, and their perception of consent in sexual interaction. It is hypothesized that participants with low access to both platonic and sexual touch will display male gender role stereo types, have a more hostile attitude towards women, and exhibit a lower perception of consent in sexual interactions.
Details Burtonesque Summer Storm
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 203 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM Tim Burton is arguably one of the most distinct filmmakers of our time. His work as inspired a term, “Burtonesque” to describe his line of work. He has directed and produced many films such as Edward Scissorhands (1990), Corpse Bride (2005), and Nightmare Before Christmas (1993). This project explores the areas of reoccurring characters like the “skittish but heroic outcast, the blonde ingenue, and the pudgy weasel” (Renée 2016). In addition, this project will be looking at theories regarding the use of color for set design, character development and symbolism. Finally, to view structurally, the use of flashbacks to dive into the character’s pasts.
Details The Controversial Lars Von Trier Jensina Bailly
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 203 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM The likeability of a film usually depends on interpretation. Most American cinema tends to play it safe, catering for a broad audience, but Lars Von Trier doesn’t cater toward anyone but himself. Von Trier’s films tend to bring about immense controversy because of his style of writing and directing original stories. Von Trier is one of the most controversial directors of our time because of the intensely emotional films he tends to make. His movies often revolve around a female protagonist who goes through great suffering at a huge cost. Typically Von Trier doesn’t hold back on what he shows the audience. There is an exceptional amount of gore and horrific events depicted in his films. Because of his personal style a lot of people believe that Trier is a misogynist and hates women. Others believe Trier is trying to force his audience to identify with the protagonist, so the message of his film is more impactful. Trier might be trying to show his audience that there is irony in our current ethics system through depicting serious traumas in the characters we identify with. My research in academic journals and critical reviews on von Trier, as well as research in literary essays about critiquing film directors seek to better understand why people are so up in arms about the director, because from my experience, his ability to examine the human condition and his willingness to get gross and severe is rather refreshing in a world full of sugar coated lies.
Details Exploring Camera Direction: David Fincher Spencer Ullyott
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 203 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Spencer Ullyott Exploring Camera Direction: David Fincher The camera is the filmmaker’s ultimate tool. Many directors have found big, extravagant ways to impress audiences with their awe-inspiring visual power. However some are a bit more subtle like David Fincher. Fincher's technique is making the camera follow characters' movements exactly. Fincher's DPs, from Jeff Cronenweth to Harris Savides to Erik Messerschmidt, use a number of shots to do this: the tilt, the pan, and the tracking shot. But why do this? Fincher shadows his characters with the camera to teach viewers about their behavior. The way a character moves shows a great deal about who they are. Ultimately, this translates into higher viewer empathy. Studying this could teach anyone a lot of about storytelling in general, and filmmaking in particular.
Details Unveiling Yorgos Lanthimos’ Characters Matthew Kotlan
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 203 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM Characters in the golden age of Greek cinema have been known to be complex with strong development while staying relatable. This type of performance transferred into the modern era. One of the newer authors to emerge from Greece is Yorgos Lanthimos, who likes to follow this formula in his directing as well. This project explores the characters in Lanthimos’ films and his ability to suspend these well rounded characters in a dynamic and rather unfathomable plot. He has work in both Greek and English, which will help me understand Lanthimos’ directing style and pinpoint his relation to authorship in Greece as well as the international cinema. Using Yorgos’ films: Dogtooth (2009), Alps (2011), The Lobster (2015), and The Favourite (2018), this presentation will reveal the types of character relationships present, analyze the performances of the actors’ portraying them, and tie them back to the roots of traditional Greek auteurs.
Details Building Off of Brad Bird Cameron Gerrity
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Brad Bird is a director that not many people may know of, but many have unknowingly been influenced by his work. He is well known for directing animated films such as The Iron Giant (1999), The Incredibles (2004), Ratatouille (2007), and Incredibles (2018), but has also directed two live action films: Tomorrowland (2015) and Mission: Impossible—Ghost Protocol (2017). Each of Bird’s animated features have been nominated for Academy Awards for Best Animated Feature, and all but Incredibles 2 have won the award they were nominated for. Drawing upon theories of authorship for my methodology, in this presentation I analyze the award-winning works of Brad Bird with specific focus on how he draw from other media as well future and society to make his films appealing.
Details Cinematic Genius of the 80's: John Hughes Kayla Swedberg
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 1:20 PM to 1:40 PM Auteur Theory is founded on the idea that the artistic decisions made by those who create the film are the sole factor behind its success. The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate how John Hughes as an auteur in screenwriting uses theme and characterization to help create both comedic and compelling stories. Throughout this presentation, I will draw on Dramatic Theory, which includes concepts such as, Unity and Universality (Aristotle), to give a basic understanding of narrative structure. I will also demonstrate how screenwriting is considered authorship through the use of tonal and thematic choices (Corliss 1973). In order to combine theories and the work of the auteur, I have chosen a variety of works that embody Hughes distinct style. These films include The Breakfast Club (1985), Ferris Bueller’s Day Off (1986), Sixteen Candles (1986), and Home Alone (1991).
Details The Authorship of Aardman Animation Studios Chance Rynerson
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 1:00 PM to 1:20 PM Chance Rynerson Professor Anthony Adah FILM 348 2/23/19 My final will be discussion Aardman animation studio and how they’ve defined authorship within the studio aspect. I’ll bring up topics of art style, group collaboration, and relate it to Roland Barthes’ The Death of an Author reading and other peer reviewed readings of authorship. I’ll cover my own definition of authorship and why my author inspires me. Animation as a medium is often ignored or dismissed. I’ll discuss how it takes a team of animators, editors, storyboard artists, production designers, etc to portray the vision of a studio with ethical intentions. A studio can easily be labeled as non-creative, or money motivated, but Aardman animation is extremely art-visioned and have maintained a persistent art direction through all of the success. It’s important for a studio to relentlessly define their authorship through communal work and art. To define Aardman’s authorship, I will compare all readings, consider all components of animation and the relationship to a studio, and engage my own personal inspirations.
Details Yoko Taro: Creating Emotions from Games Braden DeSmith
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM Yoko Taro: Creating Emotions from Games Video games provide an experience that films have yet to capture. This is the ability to make the player a part of the creation process. By involving the player directly in the creation of the art, video games are able to forge a much stronger emotional connection than their cinematic counterpart. Yoko Taro, a Japanese video game director and writer, is one such master of this new form of emotional storytelling. He does this by using two techniques of writing he crafted called Backwards thinking and Photo thinking. His belief is that it is not the story or the gameplay themselves that matter most, but to feel an intended emotion. Throughout the presentation, I examine how Yoko Taro creates intense emotions in players from his games. I will do this by dissecting his own writing techniques, as well as peer-reviewed theories on the creation of emotion in both film and video games formats.
Details Cai Chusheng and his Direction of Film in Communist China Peyton Krump
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 214 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM Media in Communist China was strictly controlled by the new communist government following WWII. Print, television, and film were all heavily censored contemporaneously and retroactively. Cai Chusheng, a notable progressive director was one of the Chinese filmmakers affected by the Cultural Revolution decades after his most influential films: Facing the National Crisis (1932), New Woman (1935), or Pink Dream (1932). For this presentation I examine the leftist ideology in Cai Chusheng’s filmmaking and its impact on the Chinese film industry during his time and its new context during the Chinese Cultural Revolution of the 1960’s.
Details Quentin Tarantino: Shot Composition Alex Samek
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM Shot composition within a director’s piece is just one feature that can make a director stand out amongst the rest. It helps not only push the story forward in a stylistic way, but also has the ability to show more detail than the dialog itself. This project explores different techniques of shot composition in relation to overall style. Tarantino uses techniques such as wide angled shots, extreme close ups, and crash zooms to create meaning and depth within his stories. By analyzing these different techniques, this paper will further explain the director's thought processes and how cinematography creates emotion and progression throughout the stories directed by Quentin Tarantino.
Details Surrealism: Then and Now Zachary Howatt
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM In the 1920s, an avant-garde movement called surrealism sprung up in filmmaking in France. This movement arose in response to the futility of the great war (WWI) that happened in the decade prior, and aimed to explore the subconscious in order to find answers to negative human experiences that civilized society and rationality were unable to provide. Since the 1920s, principles of surrealism have been adopted by filmmakers into broader mainstream cultural genres. This project has two goals: first, it investigates the motivations and methods of traditional and contemporary surrealists. Second, with knowledge of that historical aesthetic context, the project argues for the relevance of surrealism today by putting theory into practice in the form of a short surrealist film that will be exhibited during the presentation.
Details Something Different on the Buffalo River DaKanya Roach
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department George Holley
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM In the summer of 2018, I participated in the excavation of an Archaic period site (21CY38) at the MSUM Regional Science Center. Our goal was to determine the specific span of time within the Archaic period for this occupation. We excavated two test units and one of these yielded sufficient information regarding this occupation. The occupation appears to occur within a time span of around 2000 to 1000 BC. Of interest is that this occupation differs from other Archaic sites in the region in the absence of a ubiquitous chert source from North Dakota, Knife River Flint. We also recovered other lithic data and information relating to subsistence activities. This site yielded information that may indicate this time period was one of duress or environmental problems as there was a breakdown in regional trade.
Details Tone Deaf: Specificity in Auditory Conditioning of Zebrafish Savanna Hohenstein
Mark Lueders
Poster Biosciences Department Brian Wisenden
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Skin extracts from injured conspecifics, otherwise known as chemical alarm cues, are used as key indicators of predation risk among many fish species. When conditioned with alarm cue and a novel stimulus, fish learn to associate the stimulus with a predation risk and exhibit antipredator behaviors such as decreased activity and increased time spent towards the bottom of the tank. The novel stimulus used could be other fish, a moving disk or even a musical note. Learned recognition of different sounds has not been well studied. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) were conditioned with either water or alarm cue while simultaneously being exposed to a musical note. Days later they where then presented with either the same note as before, or a different note. Activity and behavior were recorded to see whether the fish were able to distinguish between the learned note and a new note. While we do not know exactly what fish hear in the wild, we assume they hear predators and other fish. From this study we will know if they generalize auditory stimuli or not.
Details Grasping Adulthood & Maturity: The Characters of Wes Anderson Kyle Odefey
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM Modern cinema has had its fair share of contextualizing the characteristics of adulthood and maturity in all shapes and sizes. Although classic cinema introduces audiences to a strong, stereotypical male lead, contemporary cinema has opened its doors to a wide variety of characters of unusual qualities. This is an ideology that American auteur Wes Anderson has utilized in his own work, most notably in 1998’s Rushmore, for it’s characters of Max Fischer and Herman Blume, 2001’s The Royal Tenenbaums, for the Tenenbaum children and their adolescent behavior, and in 2012’s Moonrise Kingdom, for the characters of Sam Shakusky and Suzy Bishop. Anderson presents a distinct lens into how characters can be crafted to be unlikely protagonists who showcase mature and adult-like qualities or exactly the opposite. By doing so, Anderson asks us what makes a character truly mature among the rest. This presentation is a character analysis of these three films while also drawing inspiration from auteur theory to determine how Anderson crafts his characters to be strong-willed, self-obtaining individuals or lackluster, unreliable humans who cannot grasp the traits they are stereotypically supposed to have.
Details Chuck Jones: Slapstick and Surrealism Austin Bieri
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM Looney Tunes most iconic creator, Chuck Jones, was responsible for directing over 250 cartoon shorts, meaning that he made people laugh for literal decades during his career. Jones’ fills each short cartoon’s runtime with twists, turns, and reversals, heightening the humor every chance he gets. This paper proposes that there are two elements that Jones uses to elevate his sense of comedy: slapstick and surrealism. He taps into the physical and the metaphysical to challenge the audiences’ perceptions and expectations, but also the craft of animation itself. In this project, I look not only at Jones’ most famous works Duck Amuck (1953), Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century (1953), and What’s Opera, Doc? (1957), but at his inspirations and competitors as well, and how they impact choices of character, story, and timing. This paper will present Chuck Jones’ authorial approach to directing animation and utilizing elements of both slapstick and surrealism.
Details Money vs. Education Miranda Kiefer
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM For my project, I will research the relationship between the percent of young adults (ages 18-24) in poverty and the percent of young adults who have attended college in recent years in each state of the United States and the country overall. I will be finding this relationship by using data I got from KIDSCOUNT and compare these two categories and see if i can find a trend line for both. I will also be comparing the trendlines of each state to the country's overall trendline. I should be able to tell if the trendlines I find have a direct or indirect relationship based on my data. With this data comparison, it should be easy to see whether or not an area's economy affects the accessibility to higher education or not. The results I get from this could help determine if higher education should be made more accessible to to people in poverty.
Details Cinematic Art: Dario Argento Bernt Podratz
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM Film as an art has taken many forms. Dario Argento is an Italian director known for his thriller and horror films like Deep Red (1975), Suspiria (1977) and Tenebrae (1982) . His style incorporates architecture, colored lighting, and steadicam which give his films an artistic style that is unique to him. While he is not considered a cinematographer, he has full control over how the film looks and sounds. This allows him to use cinematography and mise-en-scene to create deeper meaning within his films. In this presentation, I will offer examples of how Argento’s authorial approach to cinematography and mise-en-scene are utilized within his work.
Details The Subtext of the Films of Mike Nichols Chancey Plagman
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM In this presentation, I am going to use Andrew Sarris' Notes on the Autuer Theory in 1962 and apply it to director Mike Nichols. Sarris argues that individual films in the canon of auteur directors show a pivotal moment in their career, and that every film is a reflection of past films and an early representation of what is yet to come. In the comparison to Mike Nichols' filmography, I aim to show if this ideal from Sarris can be applied, or if it goes against his ideas. The specific films I will be looking at include Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, The Graduate, Silkwood, Working Girl, and Charlie Wilson's War. Starting at the beginning and working to the end, I will test whether or not Sarris' theory of each film adding or subtracting to further films stands true or not with Mike Nichols. I will also examine a theme in Nichols' films of subtext, how the actions and/or characters of characters in the film represents something else relevant to the times, and if the subtext lines up with Sarris' theory as an example of representation within Nichols' films.
Details Validation of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Analytical Method Gabrielle Williams
Poster Chemistry Department Richard Lahti
Zachary Morseth
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a widely preferred analytical method for comparison and measurement of samples (Kromidas, 2006). HPLC mobile phases at three different pH levels, caffeine standards are assembled to perform several injections needed to complete the analytical method. Reliability is accomplished with a systematic process of validation conditional on the detectable limits of variability within a set of procedures (Snyder, Kirkland, & Glajch, 1997). The results are found by viewing peak homogeneity to conclude if impurities are present. Linearity is determined using a calibration line with correlation coefficient of 0.99993. Accuracy testing is done using the standard addition method where known amounts of analyte were spiked into the sample matrix (Snyder et al., 1997). The accuracy percent is 100.996% and R2 is 0.9997. Intra-assay precision is determined by making multiple injections of a sample. The limit of detection is used to study the extent of overlap of proximal peaks (Snyder et al., 1997). The value found in this method is 0.00002 mg/mL. Robustness is ascertained by preparing the mobile phases (pH ±1). Temperature is adjusted by ±5, flow rate by ±0.1, and detector wavelength by ±5 nm in separate runs of the standard to test robustness. Retention time is not found to have been significantly affected by the slight change in pH of mobile phases. Results have been collected and analyzed.
Details An Introduction to Cryptographic Methods Rachel Schmiess
Oral Presentation Mathematics Department Damiano Fulghesu
CMU 218 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM From the Caesar Cipher to Public Key Encryption, cryptography has long been used to protect private and state secrets. In this talk, we will discover some of the basic forms of encryption along with some different methods used in decryption of information. Then, we will determine which cryptographic methods are most secure and how these methods are applied today.
Details Authorship in the Video Games of Hideo Kojima Ryan Nordskog
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Auteur theory may be best known for its use within context of film makers, but could it possibly be applied to other mediums? Hideo Kojima is often considered as one of the few video game directors to be within the arena of the auteurism. This presentation aims to answer the question of whether Kojima has the characteristics to be considered an auteur. To do this, I first explore the concept of authorship then proceed to examine the Metal Gear Solid series of video games by applying them to the context of diverse array of essays investigating auteur theory and its application. With the size of team that is required to work on the creation of a video game, this project arrives at an expansive conclusion.
Details Using GIS and Machine-Learning to Recognize Subtle Landscape Features Associated with Glacial Lake Agassiz Yoko Kosugi
Poster Anthropology and Earth Science Department Karl Leonard
David Kramar
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Abstract for SAC 2019 Yoko Kosugi This is part of an ongoing collaborative archaeological and geological study between MSUM, UW-Eau Claire, and NDSU that focuses on landscape reconstruction at the MSUM Regional Science Center (“RSC”), 13 miles east of Moorhead, MN. The Red River Valley is a lake plain formed as a result of a very large glacial lake, Lake Agassiz. Transported silt and clay deposited in the bottom of the wide ancient lake and made a significantly flat region near the center of the basin. Significant topography exists near the basin margins (the location of the RSC) where a series of shoreline complex deposits are located. Landscape features can be very subtle, especially minor shoreline and offshore bar deposits, but can have a significant influence on the evolution of landforms. To assist in the recognition of features, this study is using GIS and machine-learning algorithms applied to DEM models of the region. Recognizing these features may is significant to explaining the evolution of landscape in the region, as well as assist in the location of archeological sites.
Details The Revival of Confucianism in Modern China Eduardo Gonzalez
Oral Presentation Anthropology and Earth Science Department Amanda Butler
CMU 216 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM Social institutions revolving around religion have had various impacts on how individuals and societies view the world. The impacts of religion have historically acted as the moral compass for societies, often using a reward in the afterlife as incentive to follow certain ideologies. The uses of religion play a great role in why societies treat certain groups of people the way they do, this is seen in countries such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, or Yemen where many laws are derived from Islam, thus limiting women’s rights through sharia law. However, in China, a country with a largely irreligious population, the vestiges of the Cultural Revolution led by Mao Zedong have left the country’s society in a survivalist mentality and lacking a moral compass. As a result Confucian ideologies are being revived in China in an attempt to guide civilians’ morality. This research examines the effectiveness of using a philosophy/religion to correct people’s behaviour. By examining how the “competing” religion, Christianity, is also altering the culture for China, it can be seen how a country can utilize various outlets to implement social reform and how this might affect various sub-groups within the Chinese population.
Details Paul Thomas Anderson: Development and Character Noah Smith
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom D 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM This project investigates the work of filmmaker Paul Thomas Anderson. As an author, Anderson is described by his control over various aspects of the filmmaking process. The interest of this project lies in the aspects of his creative control–primarily in his writing and directing. While he also is a producer on most of his films, and sometimes the director of photography, examining his writing and directing best serves this project’s goals of investigating the way Anderson develops his characters, and how his approach to filmmaking has changed over his career both formally and stylistically. Anderson’s influences are also key to understanding this development. The changes in the focus and presentation of his films over his career can be partially understood as changes in inspiration. This project will draw from theories on auteurism and masculinities to evaluate Anderson as a writer and director and his films. The project acts as an examination of Anderson’s authorship through his control, collaboration, and influences; how his ensemble dramas like Boogie Nights (1997) and Magnolia (1999) evolved into the intimate character studies like The Master (2012) and There Will Be Blood (2007).
Details Chris Marker: Implementing Passions into Film Andrew Ramlet
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 205 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM When it comes to creating film, the the key to authenticity is passion. Whether the subject is what the director is passionate about or the idea of the film conveys something they believe in, a project with personal connection has a much more authentic result. Chris Marker is an example of a director whose films contain subjects he is passionate about. His various works all focus on subjects he enjoyed working with: memory in La Jeteé (1962) or Level Five (1995) and politics in À bientôt, j'espère (1968) or Les statues meurent aussi (1953). His political voice also appears in his few non-documentary films, oftentimes forming connections between the two types of films he created. Through this presentation, I examine the themes in Chris Marker’s work such as those I mentioned above to explore his passions and how these are depicted in his work, either directly in a documentary or subtly in his narrative films.
Details AI using Python in Relation to Gaming Ayokunle Jaiyeoba
James Fullah
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM For this assignment, I would be writing a report on how artificial intelligence has helped gaming over the years and how it has evolved from single user systems to multi-player and kinetic system (Xbox and PlayStation eye) etc. it is important because in gaming today developers are bringing out more systems that mimic human interaction
Details Machine learning and virtual assistant Priyash Kafle
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Machine learning is a method of data analysis that automates analytical model building. It is a branch of artificial intelligence based on the idea that systems can learn from data, identify patterns and make decisions with minimal human intervention. The project contains how a machine can learn different commands and how it interpreates it.
Details Bar code Scanning Seid Mohammed Redi
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Barcodes are a convenient way to pass information from the real world to your app. In particular, when using 2D formats such as QR code, you can encode structured data such as contact information or WiFi network credentials. Because ML Kit can automatically recognize and parse this data, your app can respond intelligently when a user scans a barcode.
Details Emmanuel Lubezki: Long Takes for Interior Meaning Emily Harmon
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 205 2:50 PM to 3:10 PM Emmanuel Lubezki is a cinematographer widely known for his use of long takes in films such as Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) (2014), Children of Men (2006), Gravity (2013), and The Revenant (2016). Long takes create a sense of reality within the space, never taking us out of the world the film places us in for even a split second. Other visual elements, such as natural lighting, have also been adapted by Lubezki in order to bring us even deeper into the world of the characters we are following. By analyzing Lubezki’s work and theories of cinematographic techniques, this presentation will show how the reality created by these films brings us closer to the true meaning within the characters and the events taking place in the world around them.
Details The Effectiveness of the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) Intervention for a Middle School Student Diagnosed with ADHD Ryan Hoiland
Oral Presentation Psychology Department Peg Potter
CMU 205 12:40 PM to 1:00 PM Homework, defined as tasks to be completed by students during non-school hours, has been found to foster both academic and nonacademic benefits such as increasing learning and understanding of academic material (Foyle, 1984; Cooper, 1989). However, children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or other attention and learning difficulties, often exhibit significant homework complications that negatively affect academic performance (Power et al. 2006). This project examined the use of the Homework, Organization and Planning Skills (HOPS; Langberg, 2011) intervention with a 12 year old, seventh grade boy with ADHD and consisted of eight, one-on-one sessions. Throughout the implementation of the intervention, the HOPS manual was used to help the student learn how to effectively organize his homework materials. A classroom paraprofessional completed Direct Behavior Ratings on class preparedness daily for each core class. Other data collected during this project included the HOPS Organizational Skills Checklist criteria, number of missing assignments and class grades. The results demonstrate that the student’s total number of missing assignments decreased from 18 to 0 and he raised his grades to all B’s. Therefore, this study supports the use of HOPS as an effective intervention for a middle school student with ADHD.
Details David Fincher’s Use of Technique and Technology as a Form of Control and Style Rodrigo Costa
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 205 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM For some directors, having control over every aspect of a given piece is not only a prerogative of the job, but a necessity in order to achieve a coherent film at the end of the production. In recent times, David Fincher, mostly known for Seven (1995) and Fight Club (1999) is a good representative of those who think like that. Under the light of Sarris’ notes on the auteur theory, this presentation is going to analyze how Fincher built his authorship around obsessive control over every technical aspect of his filmmaking process and how his willingness to adopt to new technologies changes the way he tells his stories.
Details Does trappability of western painted turtles (Chrysemys picta bellii) differ with size class and/or sex in Clay County, Minnesota? Maxine Torgerson
Poster Biosciences Department Donna Stockrahm
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM In our long-term study, beginning in 2001, western painted turtles (Chrysemys picta bellii) have been live-captured using floating/basking traps in Clay County, Minnesota, to study population dynamics and behaviors. The traps were marked and dispersed between three separate sloughs near Rollag, Minnesota. On captured turtles, weight, plastron length, carapace length/width/curvature, and sex were recorded. Turtles were notched and/or PIT-tagged for permanent ID. My poster will utilize data from 2017 and 2018 for PIT-tagged males and females with carapace lengths ≥ 10.1. I will focus on size class and sex versus number of times caught during the two years. The objective of this study is to determine whether sex and/or size class play a role in trappability.
Details History of Aliens in Popular Media Erick Quintana
Oral Presentation Planetarium Sara Schultz
Planetarium 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM I present how authors and filmmakers have chosen to represent extraterrestrials throughout contemporary history. Time periods of interest include early science fiction, black & white films and the UFO boom of the 40s and 50s.
Details What are the risk factors of Tobacco use as a society and as State? Arsema Merid Mekonnen

Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Tobacco use is the primary source of preventable demise in the United States. It influences the individuals who use tobacco, yet additionally individuals who live and work around tobacco. Saying this, what are the major risk factors will happen by using tobaccos and the reason it led to health problem. To confirm this results, the Minnesota Department of Health data set of 2010-2015 has been used. To explain this data set, the variables would be adults and students (high school or university) comparing to different county of the state within years. Also, which type of tobaccos are mainly used as a whole and separately as in an adult and student. In result, it is expected to see at what age this tobacco use is growing and at what age it can be prevent in further growing. It could explain how to prevent the risk factors in health aspect.
Details Age Bias in College Students: Perception of Elderly Adults Anna Ellenson
Poster Psychology Department Christine Malone
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Previous research has concluded that individuals of all ages have an automatic, implicit preference for younger people (Karpinski & Hilton, 2001). The current study examined this automatic preference in college students and provides a framework for future research on age perceptions in college students, especially for research on age bias in the workplace. College students viewed six separate profiles of male and female individuals aged 25, 55, and 85. Participants were then presented with a list of twenty words for each profile, ten “negative” and ten “positive” in random order, and chose a total of five words which they believed to be characteristics of the person in the profile. This experiment was conducted as a 2 (gender of the profile) x 3 (age of the profile) within-subjects design. It was predicted that as the age of the adult in the profile increased, college students would choose more negative descriptors for older targets compared to younger targets, especially for the male targets.
Details The Formation of the Second Person Formal and Informal Pronoun in Spanish Emily Aman
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Michael Martinez
CMU 216 1:20 PM to 1:40 PM Every language is constantly changing due to the region in which the language is spoken and other languages and words that are affecting it. One way we see it in the Spanish language is in the second person formal and informal pronoun, otherwise known as tú and usted. The evolution of the morphosyntactic element of the Spanish language holds the key to understanding some of the challenges facing the distinction between these pronouns. In this presentation, I will take a diachronic approach to the second person subject pronoun and trace its development from Latin and medieval Spanish to contemporary Spanish.
Details Sofonisba Anguissola: The Invisible Artist Rebecca Oehler
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Anna Arnar
CMU 207 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM When we think about artists from the Renaissance era, the first names that come to mind are Michelangelo or Leonardo da Vinci. In this time period, almost all artists were male, yet several notable women become accomplished artists in their own right. One such artist was Sofonisba Anguissola (1532-1625). Highly intelligent and artistic, Anguissola both challenged social norms and painted life into her portraits, the figures in her paintings seemingly on the brink of conversation. The goal of this paper is to provide social and art historical context of Anguissola and her role as a female artist in the male dominated society of Renaissance Italy. I will focus on two of Anguissola’s most well-known paintings, Portrait of the Artist’s Sisters Playing Chess and Bernardino Campi Painting Sofonisba Anguissola, as examples of her immense skill and her understanding of the world around her and her position in it. This paper will also explore the expectations of women during the Renaissance, a woman’s role in artistic creation, and how Anguissola challenged both of those ideas.
Details The Power of Allegory: How Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s Frescoes Served as Political Propaganda in Sienna, Italy Carrie Kinslow
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Anna Arnar
CMU 207 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM In 1337, the rulers of Siena, the Counsel of Nine, commissioned Ambrogio Lorenzetti, one of the greatest painters of the Sienese School, to create frescoes for the vast walls of Siena's Palazzo Pubblico (the town hall) in a room known as the the Sala dei Nove (Salon of Nine). The Allegory of Good and Bad Government is the first true masterpiece of secular art in the West and one of the most significant works produced in the 14th century. Lorenzetti captivates the audience with his interpretation of two opposing narratives of political rule. This paper examines how Lorenzetti’s allegorical fresco potentially shaped the views of the citizens of Sienna. Propaganda often manipulates people by displaying facts selectively. I want to examine whether Lorenzetti’s masterful allegory used a similar strategy through his selective use of iconography to effectively influence civic consciousness in the Sienese community and remind its leaders of their public duty.
Details The Medici Family: Political Influence through Majolica and Clay Alatera McCann
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Anna Arnar
CMU 207 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM Reaching its peak between the years 1450 and 1530, the city of Montelupo Fiorentino was a central trade link in the vast ceramics network of Italy. The city was renowned for its tin-glazed pottery known as Majolica and it exported its wares throughout Europe. In particular, the ceramics of this region was sought after by influential noble families as well as the emerging merchant class in the Renaissance city of Florence. The political and banking dynasty associated with the Medici family, for example, served as an important patron of the arts during the Renaissance age and this patronage extended to ambitious collecting and commissioning of ceramic vessels from the craftsmen of Montelupo Fiorentino. Through this presentation, I will analyze how ceramic vessels from this region served as tools to record and highlight Italian history as well as symbolically mark the rise of the middle class that transformed the booming economy of the Italian Renaissance. In particular, I will examine the patronage of the Medici family and how ceramics served their political, social and artistic ambitions.
Details Paternal Shame: Giotto’s Frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel Jill Johnston
Oral Presentation School of Visual Arts Anna Arnar
CMU 207 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM Enrico Scrovegni commissioned the artist Giotto di Bondone to paint frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel located in Padua, Italy. The chapel was built as a measure to atone for his father’s sins. I will analyze the chapel and the use of art in the early Renaissance era to atone for guilt and shame. Scrovegni’s father had been a notorious purveyor of bad loans, charging so much interest as to crush those that owed him money. Enrico’s father’s actions were so vile that he was placed in Dante’s Divine Comedy in the seventh circle of hell. The chapel and frescoes were a desperate final attempt to save the souls of his father and the entire Scrogveni family. Giotto’s frescoes within the chapel focuses on the life of the Virgin Mary and celebrates her role in human salvation and the Universal Judgement, which concludes the story of human salvation. With these frescoes, Giotto made strides towards realism, depth, and complex narrative.
Details Characteristics of Children with Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders Debra Frank
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Research evidence found a significant co-morbidity of psychotic disorders as schizophrenia and attention-deficit disorder (ADHD) or autism-spectrum disorders (ASD). Psychosis-proneness has been used in these conditions. Children with autism and autism spectrum disorders prefer to engage in activities alone than with others. Children with those challenges can experience difficulties in processing information. I will explore whether these children like doing the same activity over again or like trying new tasks. I will choose the DryAD Data Set of the File titled Answers to AQ, ASRS, PDI questionnaires. The first variables to compare will be work alone or work with others. The second variables for comparison will be preferences to do the same activities or different activities. Research findings have suggested that children with autism and autism spectrum disorders can become distracted easily, prefer to be alone and doing more repetitive activities. They experience challenges in learning new skills because of the difficulties in changing activities. This research project will help support parents and teachers to better understand and plan tasks and activities both in school and at home. It will help children with autism and autism spectrum disorders with challenges in learning and functioning with new skills and activities.
Details Influenza Outbreak Patterns During Minnesota Winters Alex Hexum
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Abstract: The influenza virus is one that is more than likely familiar to everyone who lives on Planet Earth. Every year as the winter season cycles back around, so does the spread and outbreaks of the influenza virus in Minnesota. Influenza outbreak activity seems to heighten extremely in the winter months when the air is colder and drier. My question is which of these variables is most important to the success of influenza outbreaks. Does humidity or temperature affect the outbreaks of this virus more? In this study, I will use exploratory data analysis on humidity and temperature data collected during the winter months in Minnesota and compare it to influenza outbreaks during the same time. These results may help us find what conditions are most suitable for influenza outbreaks and help us prepare and predict for future outbreaks.
Details Elucidating the Complimentary Action of Transcription Factors in Brain Area Patterning Kervens Accilien
Emily Gallmeier
Ritu Pandey
Helena Malokeh Tiewah
Jonah Vigilant
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM During the early stages of development, the brain begins as a mass of cells called neuronal precursors that are derived from embryonic stem cells. During brain area patterning, these precursor cells start out as neurons with non-specific axonal connections. Throughout the process of maturation, certain axonal connections in the brain are weaned as the neurons become more specialized. This process allows for groups of neurons to specialize into particular functional areas. As implied by their name, sensory areas serve the purpose of receiving and processing sensory information. Two transcription factors have been identified as vital for the modulation of this process. These transcription factors, Emx1 and Emx2, have demonstrated the ability to influence the size of the primary visual area (V1) in mammals. Upon the deletion of either transcription factor two distinct changes in phenotype occur. These changes include a reduction in size and a shift in the posterior direction for V1. At this point it is unclear if the transcription factors work cooperatively or separately. This study makes an attempt shedding light on this mechanism through the use of various combinations of allele deletions, a double knockout of the Emx1 and Emx2 genes, and the comparative analysis of the size and location of the primary visual area (V1).
Details Modern Mobile Development and Integration Kyle Dahn
Poster Computer Science and Information Systems Department Andrew Chen
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM According to Pew Research Center, since 2011 the number of US adults who own Smartphones has doubled. With this sudden rise in smartphone ownership and usage by end users the need for swift and robust development and integration of mobile applications has also risen. To demonstrate such a need I designed, developed, tested, and deployed my own mobile application on the Android platform. The design, development, testing, and deployment were done according to the software lifecycle following the scrum framework using modern architecture practices. This application proves the robustness of the software lifecycle, the agility of the scrum framework, and the durability of modern architectures while using contemporary programming languages. The project is significant in that it demonstrates the ability to rapidly produce an application for consumption and to connect the growing number of smartphone owners and users to local information.
Details Identification of Emx2 Targets Using Based Proteomics Label-Free Mass Spectrometry: Wild type and Conditional Emx2 Knockout Mice Comparison Asma Mohammed
Haylee Morin
Arsema Merid Mekonnen
Ansumana Sanyang
Poster Biosciences Department Adam Stocker
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Transcription factors (TFs) are proteins that positively or negatively regulate gene expression. This enables genes to be expressed in the correct cells at the appropriate level in each cell of an organism. Studies have shown the significance of various TFs in the development of the neocortex. One key TF is a homeodomain protein, Emx2, which is involved in determining the size and position of the primary visual area (V1) along a concentration-dependent gradient. Conditional deletion of Emx2 in mice has been associated with a posterior shift of anterior cortical areas and reduction in V1 size. Previous studies have investigated changes in transcription following Emx2 deletion. However most of these studies were done at late embryonic time points after Emx2 has been down-regulated and no longer plays a significant role in neocortical development. Very little is known about the impact Emx2 deletion will have on the protein expression. In this study, we will be looking at changes in protein expression by comparing a conditional knock-out (cKO) mouse to a wild type control at embryonic day 13.5, when the production of neurons regulated by Emx2 is at its greatest. Protein abundance and expression will be determined using a Shotgun proteomics approach.
Details Exploratory Analysis of Health and Greenness Nicole Stepan
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM Past epidemiologic research indicates that surrounding greenness is reported to improve community health relating to a higher quality of life. Green space provides a vital role when it comes to mental and physical health; access to these parts improve livelihood. To quantify this relationship, I will be using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), a satellite imagery system used to assess whether spaces contain green vegetation in conjunction with Minnesota county health ratings. I will be collecting data from Minnesota county health rankings database in combination with NASA’s satellite imagery system regarding NDVI. By using AppEEARS area samples for spatial areas via vector polygons in arrangement with Minnesota counties, I will be performing an exploratory analysis on health and greenness to see how high-ranking counties relate to NDVI. Cities with a high NDVI might have more opportunities for citizens to exercise, relax, and socialize in which could benefit overall health. It is possible that a county’s green space could contain lower levels of air pollutants, a positive factor in considering one’s health.
Details Jennifer Lee and Directing with Emotion Alyssa Huete
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom A 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM Alyssa Huete Professor Anthony Adah Film 387 25 February 2019 Jennifer Lee and Directing With Emotion Mental health is an issue that is constantly being shown in films. It always has been, and probably always will. One place that mental health is represented as much is in animated features. When people think of an animated film, they tend to turn it away because it’s something that is meant for kids. Animation isn’t just for children, and when important topics are shown through these movies and shorts, everyone is able to relate to them and learn from them. It’s especially important to hold heavy thematic elements in animated movies, because young minds will be shaped by what they see. Disney’s Animation Director, Jennifer Lee, knows the importance that film and animation has on kids, and everyone of all ages. Time and time again Lee has introduced important topics to the animations she directs. In this presentation I plan to take a further look at what she has done, and what she has been able to accomplish through the magic of animation.
Details How to pick your schedule like an entrepreneur? Rahil Pereira
Shawn Kontrec
Collin Hines
Michael Mach
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Siwei Zhu
CMU 207 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM The most valuable commodity in the world is time. Every year thousands of high schoolers across the country take college courses in hope of shortening their graduation path. What if students did not feel compelled to rush through college? Imagine a system that revolutionizes the way college students pick classes and complete their degrees; A system that would help students effectively and efficiently manage time, navigate combinations of major(s), minor and general courses and yield a higher return from their academic investment. Students deserve a clear vision to their graduation. Course Vision is an online platform targeting Sophomores at MSUM who want to get a clear vision towards graduation by advoiding excess courses and satisfying the course selection process.
Details Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Hannah Augustus
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Nathan Clarke
CMU 218 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, also known as FAS is the result of a mother consuming high levels of alcohol during her pregnancy, causing harmful affects on her unborn fetus, because whatever the mother consumes, the fetus also is consuming. The severity of the symptoms from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome varies with each child, but most children experience a mix of physical defects, cognitive/intellectual disabilities, and problems functioning and coping with day to day life (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 2019). After a child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome hits school age and starts attending school, they may experience poor social skills, trouble adapting to new things or people, become over stimulated easily, and overall may struggle in the classroom setting. Currently, we do not know exactly how many people are living with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (Department of Health and Human Services, 2018).
Details Bioinformatic Modeling for the Inquiry of the EA cluster of Microbacterium Bacteriophages Chaney Jambor
Amber Lothspeich
Katie Olson
Alexis Cory
Poster Chemistry Department Michelle Tigges
Sumali Pandey
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM As the amount of genomic data grows, a variety of bioinformatic modeling analysis tools have enabled a more in-depth understanding of complex data using algorithms and visualizations. However, relatively little bioinformatic analysis has been carried out on the genetic diversity of phages. The application of bioinformatic modeling has been used in the study of Mycobacterium phage genomes to analyze the relationships between the phages for analysis of their pathogenic hosts. The aim of this project is to use bioinformatic modeling techniques to analyze the diversity and similarities between genomes of phages that infect an alternative Actiobacteria host, Microbacterium foliorum, to determine how genomic characteristics influence the evolutionary relationships of the Microbacterium phages. We will be using a bioinformatic paradigm using modeling algorithms such as Gepard dot plot analysis, genome pairwise maps, genome content analysis, and phamerator to research the phage genomes diversification. The results of the Microbacterium phages bioinformatic modeling will be presented. This project will allow for a better understanding of bacteriophage evolutionary diversity and similarity that can have clinical applications and could lead to a development into breakthrough technology and research.
Details Roger Deakins' Cinematography Sean Rice
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom A 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM Oscar nominated cinematographer Roger Deakins has worked ona wide range of movies. From the True Grit remake, several other Coen brother films and Blade Runner 2049 Deakins is not a stranger to being a director of photography. at the age of 68, Deakins has been nominated for Oscars a total of thirteen times, but has never won. Roger Deakins creates visually interesting stories though the use of unique camera angles and movement. His creativity on projects live The Big Lebowski in the dream and bowling sequences demonstrates his quirkiness, while Blade Runner 2049 shows his more action oriented, energetic, and exciting camera work. The Coen brothers believer Deakins use of POV is what sets him apart from any other cinematographer. His wide range of genres and ability to create a visually compelling story are what interest me the most.
Details Medical Marijuana:The Next Legal Medication? Madison Cichy
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Nathan Clarke
CMU 218 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM Abstract Medical marijuana can provide numerous benefits to patients. In many states, medical marijuana is now legal, but a few states are still voting against the legalization of medical marijuana. Many argue against legalization because they feel that marijuana would increase the use of recreational users and that it is not safe as a prescription drug. Multiple different substances and medications are legal even though we know they can be dangerous. Substances such as alcohol and tobacco are legal, but provide no medical benefits. Prescription drugs are easy to become addicted to, overdose on, and die. A few reasons for states choosing to legalizing marijuana are that it is helpful to relieve pain, help with treatments, and can even be used as prevention for medical conditions. It has been proven to help patients suffering from cancer, seizures, Anorexia-nervosa, HIV/AIDS, and many other medical conditions. By legalizing marijuana in all the United States, patients all over the county would be able to receive the medication they need.
Details Analyzing the Orbital Periods of Exoplanets in Relation to Mass Alexander Bohn
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM I will be using NASA’s Exoplanet Archive, which is an online astronomical exoplanet and stellar catalog and data service that collates and cross-correlates astronomical data and information on exoplanets and their host stars and provides tools to work with the data. The question I will be attempting to answer is how orbital period of exoplanets is associated with its mass and its star’s mass and radius. I will be comparing orbital periods of various planets to their mass, if it is available, and to their star’s mass and radius. This will include an exploratory data analysis of the entire dataset to see if there is in fact correlation between any of the other variables as well. The results of this particular data analysis would be useful for people searching for other Earth-like planets as it would show them what kind of stars to look at and where around that star they should be looking for the exoplanet.
Details Do C4 plants need the PPDK regulatory protein?...Maybe Not!  A study of a PDRP-less C4 plant. Alex MacGregor
Chaney Jambor
Poster Biosciences Department Chris Chastain
9:40 AM to 11:00 AM Do C4 plants need the PPDK regulatory protein?...Maybe Not! A study of a PDRP-less C4 plant. In plants that use C4 photosynthesis, the protein PDRP (pyruvate dikinase regulatory protein) regulates the activity of PPDK (pyruvate, phosphate dikinase). PPDK catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to phosphoenolpyruvate as a part of the process to improve the uptake of CO2 in the plant’s bundle sheath cells. PDPR phosphorylates the enzyme in the absence of light and dephosphorylates it in light conditions as a part of this process. Using CRISPR-CAS9, the gene encoding this protein has been removed from our C4 model plant Setaria viridis (foxtail) in order to study the effects of its absence on photosynthesis. Our role in the project is to verify that PDRP has been eliminated in the S. viridis PDRP-knockout plants. We will do this by using a highly sensitive immuno-based enzyme assay method that can detect trace amounts of PDRP enzyme activity directly in leaf extracts if present. The results of these experiments will be presented along with other findings that will show how the PDRP-knockout plants grow and function in photosynthesis without the help of PDRP.
Details The Insight of Marketing Strategies from class learning: H&M Case Muhammad Azam Awan
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Wooyang Kim
CMU 216 10:20 AM to 10:40 AM Brands will never be in a position to satisfy all their consumers at once. People do not have identical preferences, so rarely does one product completely satisfy everyone. Companies must adopt a strategy that is customer-centric. A prerequisite for the development of this customer-centric strategy is target marketing. This paper takes the example of H&M to show how companies put customer-centric approach into use, determine the behaviors of their consumers and then break them down into manageable groups which are easier to market. We carefully analyze the elements that let consumers uphold a particular brand perception of H&M. It is done through profiling target audience of the H&M brand and analyzing and stating key aspects regarding their consumer’s cognition process such as perceptual maps and means end chain diagram. By the way of analyzing through the online tools available and researching articles we discover what kind of perception does H&M have on the consumers in USA.
Details Effects of Temperature on Bob White Quail Populations and Distributions David Hutcheson
Poster Biosciences Department Christopher Merkord
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM As we prepare for increasing global temperatures it is only prudent to look at how changing temperatures could affect the world around us. One area of great interest is how different bird species will react, do they migrate, how to their populations change. I will be focusing on a well-known game species to explore the question How will changing environmental conditions, specifically temperature affect the population and distribution of Bob White Quail? I will be using the Bob White Quail subset from the eBird data set located at ebird.org to compare Bob White Quail populations at different locations with varying temperatures. Using exploratory data analysis to look for trends that relate temperature, population, and distribution. Conclusions that may be possible, could include future temperature-based trends on Bob white Quail populations and/or distributions. This information could be important as Bob White Quail are a game species and bag limits could be adjusted preemptively. Additionally, Bob White Quail are an easily researched species. This lends itself to confirming or denying my exploratory data analysis findings with experimental observations.
Details Spielberg & The Auteur Theory in Directing and Producing Kendra Johnson
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom A 10:00 AM to 10:20 AM In the early days of cinema, it has been said that many directors were limited to what they could show to audiences based on the approval of film producers (which were quite new at the time). The producer’s objective is to make sure that nothing that is seen on-screen is disliked, but also play a large part by helping with the storyline, characterization, and plot development in a film and in many ways, oversee the entire production. With the director having very little subjective control over their films, it gave them less of a chance to be titled an auteur filmmaker.Years later, the industry realized how an auteur filmmaker could be useful to help market films. Steven Spielberg, world-renowned director and producer, is a prime example of this. Over time, studios also recognized that directors did not necessarily need a producer to make their film successful, although, part of the creation process that might make Spielberg’s work so memorable is the fact that he is both a director and producer in most of his films. In other words, with both roles in the palms of his hands, it allows for even more creative freedom and less restricted power. This may be perhaps the reason Spielberg’s films have been so well-liked and successful: it is not only based on his talents, but because of the dominance he has as a producer and director.
Details The French Fur Trade of the New World Elizabeth LeDoux
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM In my research, I will explore French migration in the early Americas and the impact of the fur trade on settlement relationships between the French and Indigenous Americans in the American Midwest/Canadian regions of the New World. Through analysis of primary and secondary sources I will discover the effect the fur trade had on early French society and everyday life, including migration to the Americas and and further migration within the new continent. The continuous evolution of the relationship between the French colonists and the Native Americans played a large role in the migration patterns and trade of settlement, making early life in New France unique to the region.
Details The Impacts of the 2018 Tax Reform in 2019 Jess Lhotak
Jordan Sillerud
Shana Onstad
Caleb Walz
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Kim Mollberg
CMU 214 10:40 AM to 11:00 AM As some are aware, congress passed the Tax Reform Bill that went into effect January 1st, 2018. The big question is, how does this impact me? The information provided is intended to inform all how the 2018 tax reform effects the filing and refunds of Minnesota taxes in 2019. The research information shows the changes before and after the reform in the following areas of standard and itemized deductions, tax credit changes, filing statuses, and income tax brackets. The resource used for research includes IRS.GOV, Publication 4012, and McGraw-Hill’s “Taxation of Individuals and Business Entitles”. As certified students at Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) site in Moorhead, MN, we feel that more people should understand their tax returns. The results are useful as people are more aware of what changes have affected them and where they can get more deduction on their tax liability. With our research still in progress, we will continue to expound upon the effects that these changes will pose for individuals and businesses.
Details The development of the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy method to quantify acetaminophen in pharmaceutical products Amanda Lee
Poster Chemistry Department Richard Lahti
Zachary Morseth

9:40 AM to 11:00 AM In order to assure consistent doses of medication and prevent overdoses, it is necessary to develop methods to reliably measure chemicals in pharmaceutical products. We set out to develop ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy method to quantify acetaminophen in pharmaceutical products. A linear response range was determined for the analyte and Kirkland extra strength acetaminophen tablets were assayed. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed on acetaminophen to determine the energy minimized geometry and compute the UV-vis spectrum. We quantified the amount of acetaminophen to be 95.4 ± 0.4% of the label claim, showing we succeeded in quantifying the acetaminophen, but that work needs to be done to optimize the method.
Details Gaze Patterns of Social and Nonsocial Stimuli: A Possible Early Marker for Autism Spectrum Disorder Ashley Doll
Oral Presentation Psychology Department Elizabeth Nawrot
CMU 205 8:30 AM to 9:00 AM The push for early identification and diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has led to new developments in this area of research. Eye tracking is a promising behavioral screening measure that has been heavily investigated for over a decade. Differences in eye gaze between typically developing (TD) children and children with ASD when viewing social and nonsocial videos have been observed, but only within videos of children playing as social stimuli and with geometric shapes as nonsocial stimuli (Pierce et al., 2016; Shaffer et al., 2017). In addition to social stimuli and geometric shapes, the current study expanded on previous research by including nonsocial inverted and blurred videos as stimuli. Participants were 15 TD children, ages 8 months to 5 years, and two children with ASD, ages 3 months and 3 years old. Each child was observed through a Tobii eye tracking system as they watched eight consecutive 10 second videos with video clips alternating between social and nonsocial conditions (geometric, inverted, or blurred). The two children with ASD looked for a similar amount of time and with a similar number of saccades for each video type; the same was also true within the TD children condition. The absence of a difference in looking time and saccade number calls into question what really accounted for the difference in gaze patterns found in the previous research. Further examination into the use of eye tracking as a screening measure must be conducted before a fully implementable measure is established.
Details Peter Jackson as an Auteur Justus Carlson
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU Ballroom A 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM Within cinematography and set design, how much influence do directors have on the look of the picture visually? It can be easy to observe certain stylistic elements that are apparent between the different works of a director, even when having different individuals on key crew positions, such as cinematographers. What are the specific visual reoccurrences that contribute to Peter Jackson's style as a filmmaker? The object of this presentation is to identify the stylistic techniques commonly seen in Peter Jackson’s work as a director, and how they brand his work as an auteur.
Details What do we know about U.S. immigration? An economic perspective Tahmid Hossain
Oral Presentation Economics, Law and Politics, Department of Tonya Hansen
CMU 214 9:40 AM to 10:00 AM U.S. immigration policy remains unsettled following multiple decades of debate. Most recent immigrants entered the United States legally. However, approximately 11 million unauthorized immigrants, many of whom settled in the U.S. more than a decade ago, live and work in America currently (Felter, 2018). Despite illegal immigration being the center of major economic and legislative policy in the U.S., it is legal immigration that drives economic growth. The economic research literature documents multiple economic benefits (higher wages, job growth, and additional tax contributions) of immigration. Using a literature review, this research examines existing immigration policies and compares their benefits and shortcomings to offer recommendations for U.S. immigration reform. This study looks at the changes in the economic landscape of the U.S. due to legal immigration and how governmental policies shape it. ?
Details A Confluence of Quality: Academic, Cultural, and Personal Growth through Study Abroad Christine Lidenberg
Daniel Aarness
Zoe Allen-Zerwes
Oral Presentation Study Abroad Janet Brandau
CMU 216 2:30 PM to 2:50 PM Studying abroad provides a number of unique and transformative benefits to students. In addition to the classroom experience, students are immersed in a new culture and go through intense and sometimes surprising kinds of growth and change. Students with three different study abroad backgrounds will share their academic, cultural, and personal responses, closing with how the experience will help them in their future job searches and careers.
Details Antipredator behavior of Pahrump Poolfish with implications for conservation of endangered insular fishes Bailey Gillis
Poster Biosciences Department Brian Wisenden
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Most small fishes are able to detect olfactory predator alarm cues and then respond to them, but Cyprinodontiforms of the Southwest U.S. seem unable to respond to or even detect these cues. These responses are crucial, though, since there are many invasive species living in these isolated population, including populations of the endangered Pahrump poolfish, Empetrichthys latos latos. It is unknown if poolfish are able to react to alarm cues from conspecific skin extracts. If they are able to, they have some sort of predator detection; if not, they either never had this response or they lost it while living in isolation. To test this, a positive control of 30 fathead minnows, Pimephales promelas, will be used. 15 will be tested with water as a control, and 15 with conspecific alarm cue. Then, an experimental trial of 30 Pahrump poolfish will be used: 15 tested with water as a control and 15 with conspecific alarm cue.
Details Internet of Things and Blockchain Technology: A Comparison of Supply CHains Christopher Dufault
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Vinod Lall
CMU 205 9:00 AM to 9:30 AM The Internet of Things (IoT) and blockchain technology have been around for years now and are growing in use and application. However, while some companies have incorporated the use of IoT and blockchains into their operations, others have not. This presentation seeks to explore the potential benefits, drawbacks, costs, and futures of companies that are using versus not using these business practices in their supply chains.
Details USING ENTREPRENEURIAL THINKING TO DESIGN A FINANCIAL LITERACY COURSE Christopher Dufault
Oral Presentation Paseka School of Business Siwei Zhu
CMU 205 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Entrepreneurial thinking has been applied to a wide variety of enterprises and businesses. The teaching the techniques of Ash Maurya and Eric Ries have been utilized and implemented by for-profits and non-profits for years. Could these techniques be applied to developing a college course—especially for one teaching financial literacy? This presentation demonstrates how these principles were applied and how the likely outcome of their application may culminate in a new course offering to MSUM students.
Details Immigration from Poland: Journey to America Roman Kotas
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM Immigration from Poland: Journey to America
Details German Immigration to America Alexandra Wende
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 207 1:40 PM to 2:00 PM German Immigration to America
Details German Migration to the US and the American Dream Patrick Johnson
Oral Presentation History, Languages, Critical Race and Women's Studies, Department of Yolanda Arauza
CMU 121 - Intercultural Center 3:10 PM to 3:30 PM German Migration
Details Boredom Proneness, Creativity, and the Tendency to Eat when Bored Alanna Carlson
Poster Psychology Department Magdalene Chalikia
2:10 PM to 3:30 PM The purpose of the proposed study is to explore the relationship of the participants’ creative capacity, boredom proneness, and eating out of boredom. The creative capacity and boredom proneness of the participants will be the predictor variables, while the amount of food eaten will be the criterion variable. Participants will be university students from Minnesota State University Moorhead (MSUM) selected on a voluntary basis. Each participant will complete a divergent thinking task and boredom proneness scale. The divergent thinking task will be used to measure the participants’ creative capacity. They will all be exposed to a boredom condition with food available for consumption. It is expected that those participants who score lower on the divergent thinking task will eat a greater amount of food than those who score highly on the task. Boredom proneness will be taken into account as to how it impacts the eating of each participant in comparison with their divergent thinking task scores.
Details Mandalas and the Centering Effect Josiah Olson
Poster Psychology Department Magdalene Chalikia
12:40 PM to 2:00 PM Mandalas have been found to be an effective form of art therapy in decreasing stress, as well as having many other healing properties such as alleviating symptoms of PTSD, and managing pain. However, the exact cause of these healing effects is still unclear. Three proposed explanations as to these results include the structure effect (the pattern and structure found in mandalas help one to ground their thoughts and feelings), the distraction effect (mandalas provide a focused escape from distress), and the centering effect (the circular shape of mandalas assist people to center themselves). As of yet, the centering effect has not been effectively isolated and studied. The purpose of this study will be to test the validity of the centering effect of mandalas, and to isolate it from the structure effect and the distraction effect. Participants will be put into a stressful situation (made to create a speech), and will be measured before, during, and after receiving either a mandala coloring treatment (Figure 1) or a coloring book page treatment (Figure 2). The coloring book treatment will contain elements of structure, and work as a distraction, in an attempt to isolate the centering effect. Finally, participants will also be given a questionnaires on spirituality (Daily Spiritual Experience Scale) as well as a demographic survey. This mixed design study will be analyzed with an analysis of variance with the two treatment conditions as the between subject variable, and time (with three measures of heart rate for each subject) as the within subject variable.
Details Creating Suspense through Screen Plays: The Craft of Christopher McQuarrie Breck Stutz
Oral Presentation School of Media Arts and Design Anthony Adah
CMU 205 2:10 PM to 2:30 PM NNNNN